What Are Some of the Basic Parts of a Sewing Machine?

The basic structure of a sewing machine is the same no matter the style or brand. They consist of a spool pin fitted to the top of the arm and holding the reel, a thread guide for holding the thread in position, a tension disc for passing thread through, and a take-up lever that moves up and down and feeds the thread to the needle. Sewing machines also have a needle bar that gives motion to the needle, a bobbin case that catches the top of the thread, and a stitch regulator for controlling the length of the stitches. In addition, the presser foot and the presser foot lifter hold the cloth in place, while the slide plate enables the removal of the bobbin case.

 How Should You Care for an Antique Sewing Machine?

Caring for an antique sewing machine maintains its value and also its function. Always perform regular maintenance on a sewing machine if it is in working condition; otherwise, make sure that a sewing machine set out purely for display is free of dust, dirt, and grime by giving it monthly cleanings. After cleaning it with water, dry it thoroughly to prevent rust.

What Are Some Tips for Restoring an Antique Sewing Machine?

If you find an antique sewing machine that needs some TLC, begin by lubricating the interior of the machine, making sure all of the moving parts get a dose of oil. Grease the parts slowly with minimal oil, wiping away any excess lubrication. Next, replace the sewing machine belt if it is cracked or loose. Find a replacement by taking note of the model or serial number and searching for suppliers. If you want to restore the exterior luster of an antique sewing machine, then wipe it with a cloth and mineral oil, and use a silver polishing cloth to wipe metal parts until they shine.