Quilt Patterns

Key Steps For Choosing and Using Quilt Patterns

The word quilt was first used during the 13th century, and many people proudly own family heirloom quilts. Quilts are usually made with three layers of fabric. To learn more about quilt patterns, you can find many pattern books containing vintage quilt patterns.

How do you choose a quilt pattern?

When selecting a quilt pattern, options include:

  • Puff quilts – These quilt tops are made of small squares that are stuffed with fabric, and the squares are laid next to each other.
  • Bear’s paw quilts – The basic bear’s paw quilt block has a square in the middle surrounded by shapes that look like bear’s paws or duck’s feet.
  • Nine patch quilts - This quilt block has nine smaller squares sewn together in rows of three to make the quilt block.
  • Log cabin quilts - Narrow strips of fabric are sewn together around a center square to make this quilt block.
  • Pinwheel quilts – Two different colors of fabric cut into triangles are sewn together to create this quilt block.
  • Crazy quilts – Scraps of fabric are pieced together haphazardly to create this quilt block.
  • Applique – A design is embroidered on a block of material to make these quilt blocks.
What fabrics and colors are used in quilt patterns?

Once you have chosen your quilt pattern, you need to choose your quilt fabric. Quilts are usually made of cotton or flannel fabric. There are several techniques that you can use to choose for your fabric colors:

  • Complimentary colors – Choose colors that are within the same color family.
  • Analogous color schemes – Choose colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.
  • Triadic color schemes – Choose colors that are evenly spaced on the color wheel.
  • Two-color schemes – Choose a color alongside white to create these quilts.
  • Focus fabric – Start by picking a multicolor fabric, and build out to other fabrics from it.
What are common terms when using quilt patterns?

As you read your quilting pattern, you may see several different terms used, including:

  • Basting – These long stitches help hold everything together, and they are designed to be removed later.
  • Bias – Fabric cut at a 45-degree angle across the weft and warp of the fabric
  • Chain stitching – This is defined as sewing many pieces of fabric in a continuous row without starting a new piece of thread.
  • Mitered corners – Corners cut at a 45-degree angle
  • Stitch in the ditch – This places your quilting stitches in the seam and is formed by joining different pieces of fabric together.
  • Warp threads – Threads running from the top of the material to the bottom
  • Weft threads – Threads running from one side of the material to the other