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Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Pumps & Plumbing

Hydraulic and pneumatic power systems contain various components to use compressed fluid or air to generate energy for many different applications. The primary difference between the two power systems is that a hydraulic system uses pressurized fluid, while a pneumatic system uses compressed air. Typically, these power systems utilize tanks to hold static energy or add an element of mobility when employing tubing or hoses.

What is a hydraulic power system?

This system, often known as fluid power, carries pressurized hydraulic fluid, also known as hydraulic oil, through pipes or tubes to generate energy. Machine power is transmitted from a power source or pump to the equipment, lifts, or motors. This power system is most commonly used in large machinery. For example, construction or civil engineering machinery requires large amounts of smooth lifting power for their work tasks. The fluid provides stability and smoothness within the power system.

What is a pneumatic valve? 

This type of valve is used to provide safe and precise control of actuators in a compressed air system. Pressure relief valves control pressure at the intake port. Another type of valve, a solenoid valve, controls the flow of air utilizing a current activating the solenoid.

What is a hydraulic pump used for?

A hydraulic pump is a mechanical source of energy that generates hydraulic energy by converting mechanical energy. Sufficient power surmounts the pressure of the pump outlet amount. An adequate amount of pressurized hydraulic fluid is input into the hydraulic system by the pump to generate energy to power the required workload of the hydraulic systems.

How do pneumatic engineering systems work?

Pneumatic systems for engineering utilize compressed air or gas for power. Static energy may be held within surge or pressure tanks. Pneumatic power systems can increase mobility through employing tubing or hoses attached to various industrial equipment. It is very common for industrial machines to have at least one pneumatic energy source.

What examples of components for pneumatic systems are there?

  • Compressor - Compressors move air through pneumatic systems.
  • Receiver - The pneumatic receiver is responsible for storing compressed air and distributing it through a pneumatic system as needed.
  • Filter - This part removes contaiminants from compressed air that runs through the filter.
  • Regulator - The pneumatic regulator is in charge of maintaining constant air pressure inside a pneumatic system.
  • Air pipes - These transfer compressed air between different parts of a system.