At its height of greatness, the Russian Empire was one of the largest to exist in the history of the world, with a land mass exceeded only by that of the British and Mongol empires. By the close of the 19th century, however, tension between the wealthy aristocrats and poor farmers started to split the fabric that held the empire together. Factories and machines created during the Industrial Revolution brought wealth and change to other countries, but the agriculturally based economy of Russia did not see immediate change. The people remained poor, and their leader seemed ambivalent to their needs. The 50 kopeks 1899 coin is an artifact of this era, and can be a reminder of the years before Czar Nicholas II’s reign took a deadly turn that led to one of the greatest uprisings in history. The obverse side of the coin features the bust of the czar surrounded by the inscription, in Russian Cyrillic letters, “By God’s Grace Nicholas II. Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia.” On the reverse side, the coin has the towheaded eagle (once the symbol of the Russian Empire) along with a crown, spire and globus cruciger to denote the God mandated authority of the czar. The denomination, 50 kopeks, is stamped along the bottom of the coin along with the mint year, 1899. This coin measures 26mm in diameter and contains 0.289 troy ounces of silver with a fineness rating of 0.9. In the turn of the century Russian currency system, two 50 kopeks pieces equaled one ruble. Czar Nicholas II became the Russian leader after his father’s death in 1894. The reluctant ruler preferred spending time with his family to leading the country, but refused to give up any of this authority. He suffered loss at the hands of the Japanese, who attacked the country in response to the Trans-Siberian railroad plan and surrendered to them at Port Arthur near the Pacific coast. The Russian people lost even more faith in their leader when his troops opened fire over protesting workers on what became known as Bloody Sunday. After major losses of the Russian Army in World War I and the February Revolution that ushered in the leadership of the Bolsheviks, Nicholas II abdicated the throne. His abdication and eventual execution (which included the execution of his entire immediate family) signified the end of the Russian Empire and the end of the Romanov dynasty. The value of Russian the 50 kopeks coins varies depending on the condition and grade of the coin, market price on the exchange, and mint or strike marks that give each piece distinctive characteristics. This Russia 50 kopeks 1899 coin can be an interesting addition to a coin collection or collection of Russian memorabilia. It can be a natural part of a collection built around coins of the Russian Empire or turn of the century currencies. It can also make a great gift for anyone interested in turn of the century Asian and European history or anyone who appreciates the fine craftsmanship and artistry of the region’s artifacts.