"Wonderful! A marvelous introduction to the ways in which the three major Western religious traditions are both like, and unlike one another. Scholars will be familiar with many of the texts, while others will be both new and of enormous interest. . . . The truth is Genesis 1-3 and its subsequent chapters are so rich, so complex, and so problematic on the subject of gender, that just reading the biblical text is sufficient to start engaged, even heated, discussion. As the field of Religious Studies becomes more specialized, and the focus of scholarly works increasingly narrow, anthologies such as Genesis and Gender remind us that the interpretation and impact of religious texts can be astonishingly broad, extending well beyond the communities they initially addressed. Genesis and Gender enables us to read, or reread, Genesis 1-3 through a variety of religious lenses that underscore both the interconnectedness and uniqueness of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Easily accessible to scholars, it also has great potential for use as a college or university text." Ellen Umansky, Fairfield University NP No other text has affected women in the western world as much as the story of Eve and Adam. The story has engendered countless commentaries, has been used to argue the "fallen" nature of humankind or to explain or exploit relations between the sexes, and has played a key role in justifying the ways of God toward man and woman. This remarkable anthology surveys more than 2,000 years of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim commentary on the biblical story that continues to raise fundamental questions about what it means to be a man or to be a woman.NP The selections range widely from early postbiblical interpretations in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha to three commentaries written especially for this volume. The editors have included early rabbinic texts, interpretations from the New Testament, and commentaries from the Church Fathers. There are excerpts from the Qur'an, from medieval Jewish commentaries, from Thomas Aquinas and other later figures, as well as representative texts of the Protestant Reformation. One section focuses on nineteenth-century America and the antebellum debate on slavery, the struggle for women's equality, and new religious movements such as Shakerism and Christian Science. Twentieth century texts from all three traditions conclude the volume. A special appendix focuses on race and Genesis 1-3 at the turn of the new millennium.NP The tale told through these texts is a remarkable one of the hold the story of Eve and Adam has had on the western imagination. The editors note that though the biblical account has been invoked throughout history to justify all manner of oppression, there is an equally rich tradition of egalitarian interpretation, well-represented in this book. Far from a collection of lifeless, historical documents, these texts are lively representatives of a debate that continues to animate men and women to this day.
This anthology surveys more than 2,000 years of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim commentary and debate on the biblical story that continues to raise questions about what it means to be a man or to be a woman.
Kristen E. Kvam, Linda S. Schearing, Valarie H. Ziegler
Number Of Pages
Indiana University Press
LC Classification Number
Table Of Content
Acknowledgments General Introduction 1. Hebrew Bible Accounts Introduction Selections and Commentary Genesis 1:1-2:4a Genesis 2:4b-3:24 Genesis 4:1-4:2 Genesis 5:1-5:5 2. Jewish Postbiblical Interpretations (200s BCE-200 CE) Introduction Apocrypha (Deuterocanon) and Pseudepigrapha 1 Enoch (c. 200s BCE) Sirach (c. 180 BCE) Jubilees (c. mid-100s BCE) Wisdom of Solomon (c. 30s BCE-100 CE) 2 Esdras (c. 100 CE) 2 Baruch (c. early 100s CE) Life of Adam and Eve (c. late 100s-400 CE) Jewish Philosophers and Historians Philo, Questions and Answers on Genesis (c. 20s-40s CE) Josephus, Jewish Antiquities (c. 90s CE) 3. Rabbinic Interpretations (200-600s CE) Introduction Midrash Rabbah and Babylonian Talmud Themes on HumankindÕs Creation Themes on the Disobedience Themes on Adam and Eve after Eden Themes on Humankind in the Post-Edenic World Targums Targum Onqelos to Genesis (c. 100s) Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: Genesis (pre 600) 4. Early Christian Interpretations (50-450 CE) Introduction New Testament (c. 50-150 CE) ÒEgalitarianÓ Texts 1 Corinthians 15:21-22 Galatians 3:27-28 Ephesians 4:22-24 Colossians 3:9-11 ÒHierarchicalÓ Texts 1 Corinthians 11:3-12 2 Corinthians 11:2-6 Ephesians 5:21-6:9 1 Timothy 2:8-15 Extracanonical Sources The Gospel According to Thomas (c. 50-150) The Gospel According to Philip (pre 350) The Acts of Paul and Thecla (c. 100s) Church Fathers Theophilus, ÒApology to AutolycusÓ (late 100s) Anastasius Sinaita, Anagogicarum Contemplationum (c. 150-250) Tertullian, ÒOn the Apparel of WomenÓ (c. 202) Origen, ÒHomilies on Genesis: 1 and 6Ó (c. 240) Ambrose, ÒParadiseÓ (c. 375) John Chrysostom, Homilies on Genesis (c. 386) Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis (begun c. 401) 5. Medieval Readings: Muslim, Jewish, and Christian (600-1500 CE) Introduction Islam The QurÕan (c. 610-632) Surah 2, The Cow: 2:29-38, 222-223, 228 Surah 4, Women: 4:1, 3, 34-36, 116-120, 128-130 Surah 7, The Heights: 7:19-27, 189-190 Surah 15, Al-Hijr: 15:26-45 Surah 20, T0 H0: 20:115-123 Surah 23, The Believers: 23:12-14 Surah 24, Light: 24:30-33 Surah 30, The Romans: 30:20-22 Surah 49, The Private Apartments: 49:13 Muslim Interpretations Al-Tabari, Commentary on the QurÕan (c. late 800s) Al-Kisa I, The Tales of the Prophets of al-KisaI (collected c. 1200) Ibn AlÕ Arabi, The Bezels of Wisdom (c. 1200s) Judaism Midrashic Themes: The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan (c. 600-700s) Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer (c. 700-800s) Alphabet of Ben Sira (c. 700-900s) The Chronicle of Jerahmeel (c. 1300s) Rashi, Commentary on the Pentateuch (c. late 100s) Nahmanides, Commentary on the Torah (c. 1200s) Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed (c. late 1100s) Isaac Kohen, Treatise on the Left Emanation (c. 1100s) The Zohar, Bereshit (c. late 1200s) Christianity Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae (begun c. 1260) Christine de Pizan, Letter of the God of Love (1399) Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, Malleus Maleficarum (1496) 6. Interpretations from the Protestant Reformation (1517-1700 CE) Introduction Balthasar Hubmaier, Freedom of the Will (1527) Martin Luther, Lectures on Genesis (begun 1535) John Calvin, Commentaries on the First Book of Moses Called Genesis (c. 1555) Margaret Fell, WOMENS SPEAKING Justified, Proved and Allowed by the Scriptures (1666) John Milton, Paradise Lost (1667) 7. Societal Applications in the United States (1800s CE) Introduction Antebellum Debates on Household Hierarchies Proslavery and Antislavery Views Fred A. Ross, Slavery Ordained of God (1857) Samuel B. Howe, Slaveholding Not Sinful (1856) Josiah Priest, Bible Defence of Slavery (1851)<
"The editors have performed a great service in making widely available a documentary history of the interpretation of the Eve and Adam story." Publishers Weekly "Wonderful! A marvellous introduction to the ways in which the three major Western religious traditions are both like, and unlike one another." Ellen Umansky, Fairfield University