There are several minor differences between Vintage Monopoly boxes from the rare original 1935 "Trade Mark" edition to editions that spand a decade or better in the mid 1930's, 1940's and through the early 1950's. These little differences can make or break a great "find". I have seen a lot of people advertizing "Vintage Monopoly" games here on eBay and claiming the 1935 copyright date as the issue date, when in fact they are not. In order to make sure you are buying what you think you are it is a good ideal to familiarize yourself with some of the more important details, and you can use this BUYING GUIDE as a reference.
Knowing the order in which Parker Brothers released editions will help the buyer in making an informed correct decision, when it comes to buying a Vintage Monopoly board game between the years of 1935 and 1954.
In 1935, Parker Brothers (PB) bought the rights to Monopoly from the 'inventor', Charles Darrow. This included Darrow's inventory of game parts. PB immediately began selling Monopoly games using the Darrow game parts.
***That office closed in 1940 and London was replaced by Chicago.
The rarest 1935 "Trade Mark" Edition - the No. 7 Black Box - there were two 1935 later releases of the game, however this IS the first. The 'Trade Mark' game is the ultimate Parker Brothers Monopoly game for a collector. It is the first to be wholly manufactured by Parker Brothers and is very similar to the Darrow version, except for the addition of player pieces and a redesign of Darrow's black box. It was produced in limited numbers for only a few months in mid-1935. Estimates are that about 24,000 games might have been produced. The 'Trade Mark' version was also produced in the long box No 9 version.
1935 - 2nd Release: The 'Patent Pending' game was Parker Brothers next version of Monopoly, made after the 'Trade Mark' games. Parker Brothers applied for a patent and added this to the games. By this time, Parker Brothers realised the game was going to be a hit so production was ramped up considerably. It is estimated that over 100,000 'Patent Pending' games could have been made.
No Number 9 White Box games are known with the PATENT PENDING statement on the box.
1935 - 3rd Release: After purchasing rights for Monopoly from Charles Darrow, research discovered another game very similar to Monopoly had been patented in 1924 by Elizabeth Magie. Parker Brothers quickly purchased that patent from Magie and put it on their Monopoly games just to cover their claim to the rights to the game. That patent number 1,509,312 replaced the Patent Pending labels. This group includes a very few No. 9 white box games where games already printed 'Trade Mark' had this patent added as an overprint. As far as I know, less than a dozen of these game boxes exist today.
1936 - Dual Patent Black Box No. 5
*On Dec 31, 1935, Parker Brothers was issued a patent for Monopoly, patent 2,026,082. Almost immediately, very early in 1936, this new patent was added to the Magie patent on all Monopoly games, replacing the single Magie patent. These patents also appeared on the several new varieties introduced by Parker Brothers throughout 1936. These patents remained on all Monopoly games until 1941 when the Magie patent expired and was removed.
Note: Black Box Border and NO copyright 1935 by Parker Brothers, Inc.
BLUE BOX Number 5 & 7 GAME 1936 - 1952
1936 was a busy year for Parker Brothers and their Monopoly game. They produced 1.8 million copies of the game and introduced several different new versions of the game. The Number 7 game box was changed from black to blue. Also, Parker Brothers was issued their own patent for Monopoly on Dec 31, 1935 and they wanted the world to know about it, so they printed that on these game boxes.
Late in 1936, Parker Brothers realized that Monopoly was going to be their best seller and drafted a marketing plan to promote the game. Someone came up with the phrase 'A PARKER TRADING GAME' and added that to game boxes late 1936. By early 1937, all Monopoly games included this wording. The words 'MADE IN USA' were added at the bottom of the box.
Another promotional idea was to introduce the Number 5 game, pretty much the same as the Number 7 game, except there were 8 player pieces instead of 7 AND it cost 50c more. They printed these changes on the first Number 5 game boxes. Also, Parker Brothers sold licenses to sell Monopoly to a Canadian and a British company in 1936. They added that bit of information to the legals statement.
Didn't take long for Parker Brothers to realize raising the price of their game in the middle of the Great Depression was a bad idea, so the game went back to $2.00 and the promotional printing was removed, though Monopoly was still their best selling game.
1937 - 1939 Editions:
By 1937, the bit about being reg in Great Britain and Canada had been removed and 'A PARKER TRADING GAME' took a prominent position in the legals line and was printed in bold text. This is about the most common variety of 1930s Monopoly
In 1940, Parker Brothers closed their office in London and removed the city from the box. This was replaced by Chicago. This is a very hard to find variety, with Chicago AND the dual patent because the Magie patent (1,509,312) expired in 1941 and had to be removed, so this version was only printed in 1940.
In 1941, the Magie patent expired and was removed from the game boxes.
1946 - 1951 Releases:
In 1946, the text 'REG. U.S. PATENT OFFICE' was expanded, thus: 'REGISTERED IN U.S. PATENT OFFICE'.
In 1951, 'A PARKER TRADING GAME' was replaced with 'PARKER BROTHERS TRADE-MARK NAME FOR IT'S REAL ESTATE TRADING GAME'. As far as I can tell, this was the last version of the Number 7 game. It was discontinued in 1952 and was wholly replaced by the Number 8 Popular Edition as the only small box game being made.
~~Diamond $ Boxes~~ 1936 to 1946/47
The NEW EDITION game was Parker Brothers first new label design. There are 2 versions of this game, the brown box and black box versions. The brown box version was first, but didn't last very long before Parker Brothers chose to go with the black box version. I believe Parker Brothers found the brown boxes were too hard to come by.
In 1937, Parker Brothers added A PARKER TRADING GAME and the NEW EDITION title was gone.
1937-1940 Dual Patent - LONDON
1940-1941 Dual Patent - CHICAGO
1941-1946? Some believe production of this game with the metal player pieces was suspended during WWII and this box, with the metal player pieces removed from the label and wooden play pieces added to the game, was a concession to the shortage of strategic materials/metals. When production of games with metal play pieces resumed after the war, it included a different style cannon than the one pictured on the label, and also a different version of the car.No 6 LATE PATENT (1941 - 1946?) WOODEN PLAY PIECES
1946/47?: After the war, metal for game tokens was available and the old token pictures were once again added to the box tops. Problem was, the molds used to make the cannons were not available and it was replaced with a more modern howitzer style cannon and the shoe was replaced with a cowboy on a rearing horse. The older style car now has a driver, too.
Late Patent No. 6 1946: "REG"
Late Patent - Single No. 6 1946: "REGISTERED"
No 6 LATE PATENT (1946 - ?) Marked No 6 "REGISTERED"
~~POPULAR EDITION~~ 1936 - 1954:
Parker Brothers chose to make yet another version of Monopoly, the POPULAR EDITION, game designation Number 8. This was offered along with the Diamond $ boxes and the first Blue Boxes. This version originated with the same small sized boxes as the other 2 types. A lot of thought went into the design of this box. It was made from 1936-1954. The first of these had a green border. In the early 1950s, Parker Brothers added a red border box, as well.
1940: Dual Patent - "CHICAGO"
In 1941, the early Magie patent expired and it was removed from the legal description. Also, the game designation 'NUMBER 8' was removed. In 1949, the REG U.S. PATENT OFFICE statement was changed to REGISTERED IN U.S. PATENT OFFICE. In 1951, 'PARKER BROTHER'S TRADE MARK NAME FOR ITS REAL ESTATE TRADING GAME'. These modifications are present on this box.
1951-1953: Single Patent - CHICAGO (Green and Red Border Editions)
Also, in 1951, Parker Brothers introduced a new version of the Popular Edition with a red trimmed box. They were sold along side the green box versions.
1953: Patent Obscured with "Mustache"
The Parker Brothers patent (2,026,082) expired on Dec 31, 1952 and they were no longer allowed to use that number on their games, but there was still a significant inventory of box labels already printed up with that number. They decided to reprint a 'moustache' over the expired patent and use them anyway. These are a bit hard to find, though not impossible. The first batch made in 1953 used these labels until they could get the revised labels printed up.
The second variety for 1953 shows the first printing without the patent and MADE IN USA is still off to the right.
The third variety for 1953 has MADE IN USA centered, where the patent used to be.
1954: Last Edition - San Francisco Added. No Patent. Made in USA center
In 1954, San Francisco was added to the list of cities.
As You can see there are several minor variations of this Classic American Board Game between 1935 and 1954 and if you familiarize yourself with some of these, you can make an informed and correct decision when it comes to Vintage Monopoly games. Refer to this Buyin g Guide as needed and good luck in finding the Ultimate Monopoly game!