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Art Glass

Art glass is a beautiful way to add color to your environment, although some of the artwork can be very functional. This artwork is made in many different places in the world using a variety of techniques. If you are thinking of starting a collection, then you may have many questions.

Which types of items can be made of art glass?

Almost any item can be made of art glass, including:

  • Lamp shades
  • Vases
  • Bowls
  • Sculptures
  • Stemware
  • Windows
  • Walls
How is art glass created?

A variety of techniques are used to create art including the following:

  • Staining - Pieces of glass are cut and painted before being fired in a kiln. The artwork is then joined together using lead.
  • Blowing - Many craftsmen blow pipes to form unique designs along with using special tools to add colorful bubbles to their art.
  • Copper foiling - Thin pieces of copper foil are wrapped around cut-glass pieces before they are soldered together.
  • Casting - Hot melted glass is poured into a mold and allowed to cool.
  • Sandblasting - Large blocks of glass art are sculptured with the application of silica carbide or aluminum oxide.
  • Etching - Hydrofluoric acid is painted onto the surface creating a matted look
  • Caseing - A color sheet is encased in opaque glass sheets before being molded into a piece of artwork.
  • Flame working - A handheld torch is used to heat part of the glass art, which is shaped into various things like beads.
Must the glass be liquid to make art glass?

While most pieces are made with molten liquid, other artists choose to work with cooler glass. Some artists work by heating the material to between 1250 and 1400 degrees. Then, it is bent into the desired shape. Other artists work with the glass at room temperature by etching or sandblasting it.

What different textures are found in stained glass windows?

There are many different textures found in stained glass including the following:

  • Antique - Very fine distinctive lines are created in opaque glass.
  • Baroque - Swirls of color are created in antique glass.
  • Glue chip - Tiny pieces of different colored glass pieces are glued onto opaque glass, which is then heated until the glue melts.
  • Granite - Textured bumps are created in clear glass.
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