6-String Electric Guitars

The most typical format of the electric guitar is one with six strings. It is one of the most widespread musical instruments because of how many different musical genres and styles feature one or more guitars. There are hundreds of combinations of guitar, amp, and effects that create an almost infinite variety of sounds.

What tuning does a six-string guitar use?

The most common tuning is E, A, D, G, B, E, from lowest to highest. However, there are many alternative tunings. For example, in drop-D tuning, the low E comes down one step to become a D. Sometimes the player will drop all of the strings by a half step, a whole step, or more. "Open" tunings are created to make it easy to strum a particular set of chords. Some genres, like folk, are known for heavy use of alternative tunings. Others, like metal, have just a few commonly-used alternatives, and there are genres where all the guitars are played in standard tuning.

Why does an electric guitar need an amp?

When you play the metal strings, they vibrate over the pickups. The pickups project a magnetic field and interpret that movement and convert it into an electrical signal that travels down the cord to the speaker. However, the signal is too weak to create an audible sound, so it has to be boosted or amplified before it can be played through a speaker. This offers the opportunity to shape and alter the sound by adding effects like distortion, reverb, and wah, or by altering the balance of bass, mids, and treble via an equalizer.

What is action for an electric guitar?

The action is the height of the strings above the frets. The action affects your comfort while playing, but it can also change the performance of the instrument. If the action is too low, then the strings will brush against the frets, creating buzz and other noises. If it is too high, it will be hard to press them down onto the frets, making chords fade out too quickly. It is possible to change the action in two ways. The first is at the bridge. Most bridges have small screws that will raise and lower the bridge, changing the action. The second is by turning the truss rod, a support rod that runs down the neck. The truss rod determines how bent the neck is, so tightening or loosening it can change the action. Usually, the most comfortable setting is as low as possible without causing any buzz.