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The Ottoman Empire and Its Heritage: French Trade in Istanbul in the Eighteenth Century 19 by Edhem Eldem (1999, Hardcover)
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This work deals with French trade in Istanbul in the eighteenth century, using French and Ottoman sources, and integrating the political and social dimensions of the question. It also sheds light on the financial dimension of trade, particularly that of bills of exchange and monetary trade, linking Istanbul to other Ottoman cities and to European financial centers. Finally, it tackles the issue of western economic penetration, arguing that, despite some signs of domination, French control ...