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Feb 05, 2011
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Tulsa Ok, United States


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Used: An item that has been used previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of ... Read moreabout the condition
Subject: History
Topic: US: State & Local Format: Hardcover
Language: -- Publication Year: --
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By Keith Wheeler


This photo history consists of  100's of photos (both color and black and white) paintings, letters, newspaper clippings, maps, and documents, and  240 pages of true stories and personal accounts.

The  book cover is made of a leatherette or faux hand tooled leather with longhorns, western scrolling, ropes, lariats, and roses. The binding is tight and straight, and there are no markings or creases on the pages.

From a chapter:

Along with a newspaper and a hotel, a saloon invariably appeared on the scene early to dispense the fiery potables - and perhaps a variety of entertainment  - that made life in a hard land supportable.  Saloonkeepers were particularly numerous in towns whose prime customers were cowboys or miners.  Abilene, with a year-round population of about 800 in 1871, had 11 saloons to accommodate the 5,000 or more trailparched cowboys who arrived from Texas in late spring and summer with herds of longhorns to be shipped east.  In mining towns, the saloons often stayed wide-open 24 hours a day seven days a week to squeeze the last dollar out of the prospectors.

Predictably, professional gamblers, prostitutes and entertainers swelled the census figures in such communities.  However, their numbers were subject to sudden, violent reductions, for gunfire was more likely to erupt in a saloon - thier place of business - than anywhere else in town.  An Irish fiddler named Kelley, employed in a saloon in Idaho City, Idaho, grew so apprehensive over the hair-trigger tantrums of the local miners that he insisted on an ingenious safety measure.  He had the proprietor build a platform that was rigged to the ceiling by a system of pulleys and halyards.  Whenever gunfire broke out he was hoisted aloft, where he played on, presumably above the line of fire. 

In farming regions such precautions were not necessary.  There a saloon was generally a far more sedate place, where patrons lingered long over a nickel glas of beer, nibbled on pickles and other snacks that were set out by the proprietor, and discussed their affairs in tones of high seriousness.

No town was complete without a blacksmith, whose services were needed to shoe horses and oxen, sharpen plows, repair wagons and perform a multitude of other maintenance tasks for the community and outlying areas.  So essential was this craftsman that town founders often offered blacksmiths free building lost as incentives to settle in their communities.  The same practice was used to attract an operator of livery stable - an establishment where visitors could shelter their horses while they attended to business in town.  Another service of the livery stable was the rental of a buggy and team to a salesman who wanted to make the rounds of the countryside or to any young swain who wanted to treat his girl to a moonlit ride on the prairie.

But the chief focus of a new town's commercial life was the general store, called a shebang - a term that may have derived from the gaelic shebeen, or speakeasy.  Liquor in bottled form was available there, along with almost anything else that a frontiersman might crave: sugar and salt, molasses and meat, gunpowder and ammunition, crockery and coal oil.  Everone within walking or riding distance called at the shebang regularly, hovered over the shelves of goods, loitered amid the deliciously mingled odors and the warmth of the potbellied stove, and came away with a heartening sense of well-being.  The merchant was usually the most popular townsman - and the most indispensable.

few new towns were lucky enough to attract the full array of skills and talents that contributed to the convenience of life in the East.  "What we want now most, is mechanics," the Kansas Weekly Herald pleaded in 1854, at a time when the word mechanic was used to describe any skilled artisan.  "We have not got a Sadler, Shoemaker, tailor, Cabinet Maker, Hatter nor Milliner in the place."

Given the lack of specialists, townsmen often had to settle for second-rate work from untrained, inept or overextended practitioners of all kinds.  when newspaperman Thomas A. McNeal arrived in Medicine Lodge, Kansas, by stagecoach in 1879, he debarked dust-laden and unkempt, and went in search of a shave from the town barber.  He was directed to a aman in the livery stable who was "acting as chambermaid for partially civilized bronchos. "  Putting aside his horseshoeing implements, the alleged barber stropped a razor on his boot top, seated McNeal in a chair, bent the customer's head back over his knee, lathered him, scraped away the whiskers and grime with a few impatient strokes, and charged him 15 cents.

Of all the shortages of skills, the one that affected Western towns most acutely was the scarcity of qualified doctors.  Many of the practitioners who arrived in frontier towns were impelled there by a lack of success back East, sometimes directly traceab le to a lack of competence.  Even the capable men did not always find greener pastures beyond the Missouri.  A Western doctor was expected to minister to the surrounding countryside as well as to his town.  Becuase of the great distances between rural patients and the general shortage of ready money, many doctors found it impossible to make a living and turned to other pursuits.

Yet the need for medical practitioners was undeniably great.  The health of the Western townsmen was perpetually threatened by poor sanitation.  Many communities got their drinking water from sloughs or polluted streams.  Sewage was sometimes piped directly into the streets.  The droppings of horses and of wandering pigs and chickens drew clouds of flies. 

When the wind was right, a traveler could scent a town before he saw it.  The editor of the Wichita Eagle was not exaggerating too much when he reported: "A fair smaple of what we may expect in the way of variety and kinds of smell, and the different thicknesses of the stratas, was given last Saturday, when it was little warmer than any previous day this spring, with a stiff breeze flowingform the south.  Pedestrians on Main, Market and Water streets, anywhere norht of Douglas Avenue, were regaled with quintessence of putrifaction.  A tall man who was sitting on the sidewalk said, as he got up and passed through with his nose, that there were two hundred and forty distinct and odd smells prevailing then and there."  Turning dead serious, the Eagle added, "All agree that some sanitary measures are needed, and heavy fines should be imposed on those who will throw slops, old meats and decaying vegetable matter at their doors or on the street."

From another chapter:

The passage of the nation's first women's suffrage law by the Wyoming territorial government in 2869 was intended as a public relations gesture.  It was expected to add no more than 1,000 active voters to the electorate, and although it gave women the right to hold office, most men assumed that the ladies would choose to stay home where they belonged.  but the newly enfranchised voters were following a separate scenario.  They promptly demanded more active roles for women in government, a prospect so unnerving to the all-mae legislature that in 1871 it tried - and failed by one vote - to repeal the suffrage bill.

Wyoming's first woman officeholder was 57-year-old Esther Morris, one of the territory's most renowned suffragists.  Despite a lack of legal training, she was appointed justice of the peace for the mining town of South Pass City.  She ran her court with an iron hand for nearly a year and never had a decision reversed by a higher court.

Even as Judge Morris was gaveling rowdies into the calaboos, other women were pioneering as members of juries in Laramie and Cheyenn.  although cartoonists were quick to lampoon them, the women jurors took thier new duties seriously,  In one notable Laramie merder case, a jury of six men and six women was locked up for two and a half days trying to reach a verdict.  The men, three of whom favored acquittal, played cards, smoked and drank beer in one room, while the women, unanimously for conviction, sang hymns and prayed next door.  Finally the impasse was broken with a compromise verdict: guilty on a lesser charge of manslaughter.

Wyoming's widely publicized example emboldened women throughout the region to seek the same rights.  By 1896, women had won the vote in Utah, Colorado and Idaho, and had begun to play a major role in politics and professional life all across the West. 

From another chapter:

In 1877 The Dodge City Times coverad a prize fight between Nelson Whitman and Red Hanley, who was billed as the "Red Bird from the South."  The Times reporter took detailed notes on Hanley's demolition: "During the forty-second round Red Hanley implored Norton (the referee) to take Nelson off for a little while till he could have time to put his right eye back where it belonged, set his jawbone and have the ragged edge trimmed off his ears where they had been chewed the worst.  This was against the rules of the ring so Norton declined, encouraging him to bear it as well as he could and squeal when he got enough.  About the sisty-fifth round Red squealed unmistakably and Whitman was declared winner.  Red retired from the ring in disgust."

From another chapter:

The good life for a hardworking Western townsman meant money in his pocket, a place to hang his hat, a square meal at day's end- and somthing more.  Every man on the frontier knew by instinct that, while his body could be maintained in a condition of a rawhide toughness on a diet of beans and bacon, his whole being needed nourishment of another kind: fodder for the spirit, and relaxation for the mind.

Happily, his need was filled by pleasurable diversion in myriad forms.  across the wide Missouri and over the mountains and plains came a kaleidoscopic variety of entertainers, braving rough travel conditions and sometimes even rougher audiences to offer the priceless commodity of amusement.  The spectrum of offerings was colorful and vast, ranging from such lowly spectacles as animal fights to lofty lectures on temperance and aesthetics, from prostitution to Gilbert and sullivan operettas, from crude boxing bouts to the sonorous rhetoric of Shakespeare presented by themost notable actors of the American stage. Spanning the gulf between lowly and lof

From another chapter:

And so, at first, was Margaret "Molly" Tobin Brown, who had come to Leadville from Hannibal, Missouri.  At 19, short on literacy but long on Irish charm, she married James Joseph "Leadville Johnny" Brown - no relation to Henry, creator of the elite suburb, Brown discovered gold in the previously silver-rich Little Johhn mine and set her up in a stately Brown's Bluff palace that was guarded by imported Egyptian sphinxes and stone lions.  But it took more than a big house and trips to Paris, from which she returned hautely coutured and speaking French, to break into Denver society.  It took the Titanic.  On that ship when it began to sink after striking an iceberg on its maiden voyage, she grabbed command of a lifeboat, pistol in hand to enforce the women-and -children-first tradition, and kept up the spiriits of her fellow cast-aways by singing hymns.  After that, even Brown's B luff noticed the Unsinkable Molly Brown.


Contents are:

1. Making nowhere somewhere

Placing civilization's stam on the wilderness

Sturdy pillars for a fledgling society

Proud false fronts for frontier commerce

An array of mail-order architecture

A head start on tomorrows' promise

2. Of building lots and ballyhoo

"Come!-Rush!-hurry!-don't wait for anything!"

Living the high life at Runnymede

Guthrie, Oklahoma: fastest town in the West

3. The merchants on Main Street

Storekeepers and their cracker-barrel cornucopias

A friendly place to hang a mug

Drugstore remedies

Shopping at the "most complete store on earth" ( Montgomery Ward & Co.)

A stock of you-name-it under one roof ( The General Store)

4. Government by guess and by gall

Boisterous amateurs at the game of politics

Papering the plains with homemade currency

A surprise breakthrough for the better half

5. And now...showtime

Entertainments- some gamy, some grand

A big-city gift to a Montana Boomtown

A mixed bag of energetic troupers

6. A tenacious town that made it big ( Denver )

Mile-high hope for mile-high Denver

Rocky Mountain News

Six kings of the Wests' queen city

Grandiose schemes of the dashing Baron von Richthofen

An unshakable sense of solidarity


Some of the photos and stories in the book:

A splendidly wide main street - with the town's well in the middle - marks an ambitious beginning for Mullinville, Kansas, in the 1880's

Founding of Liberal Kansas, still in tents

Some towns grew, some vanished, and some- like Kelly New Mexico - just stagnated.  Named after a local sawmill operator in 1870, Kelly developed and impressive row of false- fronted buildings.

Some towns were built on false hopes of a railroad coming through like Bear River City, Wyoming.

In the San Juan Mountains, Creede Colorado

Craftsmen in Guthrie Oklahoma ( Walker & Mccoy)

A hand press for the first issue for the daily paper in Kingston New Mexico in 1886

Convival boarders - including the prominent artist George Ottinger, seated in front of a beer dispenser - get together with their landlady, in Silver Reef, a Utah town whose nine-year life span ended in 1885

Advertising Card for a boardinghouse in year-old Cheyenne

Professionals: Jurist - David Josiah Brewer - Yale, Schoolteacher - Angie Brown - Apaches terrorized her classroom until cowboys drove them off, Doctor - Thomas L. Mccarty settled in Dodge  when it was 3 months old, Minister Daniel Tuttle - designated Episcopal Bishop of Montana, Editor- Daniel Anthony ( brother of Susan B. Anthony), published first issue of Leavenworth Conservative- was shot at 5 times and beaten at age 67 horsewhipped.

Flooding of the Missouri River in 1881 left residents in East Atchison Missouri poling rafts along main street

Two- story school in 1870 Columbus Kansas

Schoolteacher in Kelly New Mexico poses with children in front of one-room schoolhouse

1857 Sumner Kansas brochure boasts factories, churches, steamboats landing at riverfront business district

Guests on veranda of Grand Pacific Hotel

Con man Isaac Kalloch fast-talked the Ottawa Indians out of 20,000 acres

Excursion train to Horton Kansas provided by Rock Island and Pacific Railroad

A thoroughfare in five-day-old Guthrie Oklahoma (9 pictures)

Aproned butchers take a break from their labors in one of the meat markets of Hays, Kansas - a shipping point for Texas longhorns.

A newspaper office in Ansely Nebraska, and a drug store in Dodge City Kansas

Specialty shops in Guthrie Oklahoma April 1889

A saloon in LaJunta Colorado and a restaurant in Casper Wyoming

Lillian Heath dressed like a man and toted pistols while studying under the only doctor in Rawlins, Wyoming. In 1893 she began work as the town's first obstetrician

Boxers square off for an impromptu bout in 1886 at the Bale of Hay saloon in Virginia City, Montana, before an audience of cardplayers and bar flies. 

Although every Montana town had a "line" - a row of saloons that frequently offered dancing, gambling and female favors along with the liquor - few of them could claim ladies so enterprising as Josephine Hensley, who arrived in Helena in 1867. 

Some dance hall girls - professionals and amateurs alike - were simply prostitutes, daring of dress and flexible of morals.

Available to waltz, polka or mazurka for a fee, pinafored girls down 25-cent drinks with the patrons of a dance hall in Cripple Creek, Colorado, during the 1890's.  As in other mostly male mining towns across the West, the dance hall business was so good that the girls worked all night long.

Kickens Opera House in Longmont, Colorado

A program for a Topeka theater headlines a Western favorite, Fay Templeton, a vivacious young singer, ofter performed with her comic-opera troupe in two shows a day and soloed on the spanish guitar as well.

Adah Isaacs Menken strikes a pose of seductive languor in a melodrama entitled Mazeppa.  Her sparsely clad figure packed boomtown theaters, prompting an overeager crit to stat:"Prudery is obsolete now."

A circus parade in Abilene Kansas in 1895

A harper's Bazaar caricature of Oscar Wilde on the Western lecture circuit in 1882 mocks his avowed love of the garb worn by Colorado miners.

The great EDdie Foy a variety-circuit hit as a wisecracking song-and-dance man, had this portrait made in 1882 at a Tombstone studio near the O.K. Corral, scene of the West's most famous gunfight the year before.

A pair of snake charmers using bull snakes, which were frequently billed as deadly pythons or cobras.

"Champion Light-Weight Roller Skater of the World" in 1885

A team of child acrobats

Comedienne Nola Forrest dolled up for an engagement at Tombstone's Bird Cage Theatre so dazzled a local bookkeeper that he embezzled $800 to buy jewelry for her

Denver sprawls beside Cherry Creek and the South Platte River with Pikes Peak looming in the distance

The Windsor Hotel boasted 176 marble mantelpieces and a taproom whose floor was studded with 3,000 silver dollars.

Some of the items in the book:

Abilene Kansas, Abolitionists, Adams Nebraska, Advertising and entertainers, Amana Iowa, Anaconda Montana, Animal fights, Ansely, Anthony Daniel, Applegate Jesse, Arapahoe Kansas, Architecture, Argonia, Arizona statehood, Armstrong Moses, Atchison Kansas, Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe, Aull James and Robert, Auraria Colo., B Baker Nathan, Bands, Banks in Denver, Baptists, Barbers, Bartlett, Baseball, Bear River City Wyo, Beatrice Neb, Behan John, Bell William, Bernard Sarah, Beverly Henry, Black Doc Ray, Black Kettle, Blacks, Blizzards, Bon Homme Dak Terr, Boomers and Boosters, Boothe Edwin, Boulder Colo, Boxing, Brewer David Josiah, Bridges Jack, Bright Colonel William, Brown Henry, Brown James Joseph, Brown Margaret, Bryce James, Buffalo hunting, Burns Shorty, Butler David, Butler Reverend Pardee, Byers William, C California gold rush, Campaign wagons, Campbell A. C., Campbell John A, Camp meetings, Capitals territorial, Capitol buldings, Carolista Mademoiselle, Cattle Drives, Cheeseman Walter, Cherry Creek, Cheyenne Wyo, chicago Joe, Chivington Major John, Cimarron Kansas, Circuses, Civil War, Clark A.C., Clark rufus, Clear Creek, Clubb Henry Stephens, Collamer William, Colorado; gold strikes, Colorado Springs, Colo, Columbus Kansas, Columbus Nebraska, Comic operas, Gilbert and Sullivan operettas, Cordley Richard, County governments, Courthouse, Creede Colo., Crime Vigilantes, Cripple Creek, Colo. Curren James, D Dakota Land Company, Dakota Territory, Daly Tom, Dance hall girls, Dances, Davis Reverend Henry T., Davis Richard Harding, Democratic clubs, Democratic party, Denver Colo, Depressions, De Young, Dickinson, Doctors, Dodge General Grenville, Dodge Colonel richard, Dodge City Kansas, Doe Mrs. Elizabeth Mccourt, Droughts California, Drugstores, Durango Colo., E Earp Wyatt, Education, Elections, Elitch's Gardens, Ellsworth Kansas, Episcopalians, Equalization Society, Evans John, F Fairview Nebraska, False fronts, Field Eugene, Fire companies, Fires, Floods, Forrest Nola,  Fort Dodge Kansas, Fort Laramie Wyoming, Fort Leavenworth Kansas, Fort Wallace, foy Eddie, fremont John Charles, Fremont Nebraska, Frost Daniel, G Gambling, General stores, Gilbert and Sullivan operettas, Gilpin william, Glendive Mont., Gluck adolph, Gobacks, Goldrick, Goldsoll Mayer, gold strikes, Goldwater Baron, Goldwater Michael, goldwater Morris, Good John edward, grand Army of the Republic, Grand Isle Nebraska, Gray County, Greeley Horace, Gregory, Guthrie Oklahoma, H Harpers Bazaar, Harrison Charley, Hastings Neb., Hawley, Hays Kansas, Heath Lillian, Hebard Grace, Heber City Utah, Helena Montand, Highland Kansas, Hill Nathaniel, Hog Thief bend Montana, Hook H.M., Hoover George, Hotels, Howe Ed, Hurdy- gurdy houses.  I Idaho, Ingalls John, Irrigation, J Jackson Helent Hunt, Jails, Jayne Williams, Jenkins, Julesburg  Colorado, K Kalloch Isaac Smith, Kansas, Kelley James, Kingston, Kountze Luther, L Lane Jim, Langrishe Jack, Larimer william, Laramie Wyo, Larimie county Wyoming, Lathrop Mary, Lawrence Kansas, Lawyers, Leadville, Lease Mary, Leavenworth Kansas, Lecturers, Leola dakota territory, Lexington Mo., Liberal Kansas, Likens Sadie, Lincoln Abraham, Literary societies, Longmont Colo, Lord James and Louisa, Lotteries, Lowman, Lyceums, M McCarty Dr., McCucheon, McNeal Thomas, Maghee, Mail-order houses, Main Streets, Manhattan Kansas, Marfa Texas, Martin John, Masterson Bat, Mayors, Meat markets, Medicine shows, Meeker Nathan Cook, Melodramas, Menken Adah Isaacs, Mennonites, Merna Kansas, Merrick Jack, Methodists, Metz Christian, Militias, Minstrel troupes, Missouri River, Moffat David, Montana, Montclair, Montgomery Frank, Montgomery Ward & Co., Moon William, Mormons, Morris Mrs., Ether Hobart McQuigg, Morton J. Sterling, Moss Sidney, Mullinville Kansas, Murray Idaho, Murrin Luke, Music halls, N natural disasters, Blizzards Droughts Fires floods, Neosho City, Nevada, New Mexico, Newspapers, Ney York Tribune, North Dakota, O Oakley Kansas, Ogden Utah, Oklahoma land boom, Old Rubber Face, Olmstead frederick Law, Omaha Nebraska, o'Neill Bucky, Opera houses, Oregon City Oregon, Osage Indians, Oskaloosa Kansas, Ottawa Kansas, P Panics and depressions, Parades, Patent, Pawnee Kansas, Peck Dr. Peel Estelle, Phoenix, Pikes Peak, Pinney  Police, Pomeroy Samuel, Prescott, Professional people, Prgresso, Prohibitionism, Prostitution, R Railroads and circuses, Rath Charles, Rawlins Wyoming, Religion, Republican party, Richardson Albert, Richthofen Baron Walter von, Robidoux Peter, Robinson Charles, Rocky Mountain News, Roger Williams University, Routt John, Runnymede Kansa, Russell William Green, S Saloons, Salter susanna, salt Lake City, Sand Creek massacre, San Francisco California, Schoolteac hers, Scofield Utah, Sears roebuck and Co.  Shakespeare William, Sheedy Dennis, sherman William Tecumseh, Shober J.H., Sibley general Henry, Sidney Master Willie, silver strikes, Singleton Benjamin, sioux City, Slavery, Slough, Smith Joseph, Sooners, Soule, South dakota, South Pass City, Specialty Stores, Speculators, speer John, Stagecoach lines, Stanley Henry, Statehood, steamboats, Steel industry, Stevens Hiram, stevens Will, sumner Kansas, Surbeyors, Swain Louisa, T Tabor, Tacoma Washington, Taylor Bayard, Temperance movement, Templeton, Territorial government, Theater programs, Todd, John Blair Smith, Tombstone, Topeka Kansas, Town Charters, Town meetings, Transcontinental railroads, Troy nebraska, Turnley, Tuttle Daniel, Twain Mark, U Union Pacific Railroad, U.S. Congress, V Variety performers, Vegetarianism, Vermillion, Vigilantes, Villard, virginia City Montana, Voting, W Walker & McCoy, wallace Washington, Weigel Annie, West Union, Wheeler, Whitehead James, Whitman Nelson, Wichita, Wilde Oscar, Wind Chief James, Windsor Hotel, Winfield, Woodsdale, Women, Wood, Wooten Richens, Wright Robert, Wyandotte, Wyoming, Y Yankton, Young Brigham.

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Description of item: As some of the items that I list are purchased through estate sales, auctions, and for consignments and I am in no way an expert I rely on you to be the final judge and look closely at the pictures and read the description carefully before placing a bid. Please email me with any questions that I might have failed to address in the description. I will never intentionally misrepresent anything I sell and will try to be as accurate and honest as I can. All items are pre-owned unless otherwise stated. .

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