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Details about  RARE ROMAN EMPEROR TRAJAN DECIUS SILVER ANTONINIANUS COIN 3RD CENTURY NR

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RARE ROMAN EMPEROR TRAJAN DECIUS SILVER ANTONINIANUS COIN 3RD CENTURY NR
RARE-ROMAN-EMPEROR-TRAJAN-DECIUS-SILVER-ANTONINIANUS-COIN-3RD-CENTURY-NR
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Item condition:
--not specified
Ended:
Jul 25, 2012
Winning bid:
US $25.00
11 bids ]
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$6.00 Standard Shipping | See details
Item location:
Ravenna, Ohio, United States

Description

eBay item number:
160841501922
Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing.

BEAUTIFUL SILVER ANTONINIANUS COIN OF EMPEROR TRAJAN DECIUS

 4.2 GM

Trajan Decius (Latin: Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Augustus; ca. 201 – June 251), was Roman Emperor from 249 to 251. In the last year of his reign, he co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus until they were both killed in the Battle of Abrittus.

Decius, who was born at Budalia, now Martinci, Serbia near Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica), in Lower Pannonia was one of the first among a long succession of future Roman Emperors to originate from the province of Illyricum in the Danube. Unlike some of his immediate imperial predecessors such as Philip the Arab or Maximinus, Decius was a distinguished senator who had served as consul in 232, had been governor of Moesia and Germania Inferior soon afterwards, served as governor of Hispania Tarraconensis between 235–238, and was urban prefect of Rome during the early reign of Emperor Philip the Arab (Marcus Iulius Phillipus).

In January 250, Decius issued one of the most remarkable Roman imperial edicts. From the numerous surviving texts from Egypt, recording the act of sacrifice, it appears that the edict itself was fairly clear:

All the inhabitants of the empire were required to sacrifice before the magistrates of their community 'for the safety of the empire' by a certain day (the date would vary from place to place and the order may have been that the sacrifice had to be completed within a specified period after a community received the edict). When they sacrificed they would obtain a certificate (libellus) recording the fact that they had complied with the order. That is, the certificate would testify the sacrificant's loyalty to the ancestral gods and to the consumption of sacrificial food and drink as well as the names of the officials who were overseeing the sacrifice.

Christian followers who refused to offer a pagan sacrifice for the Emperor and the Empire's well-being by a specified date risked torture and execution. A number of prominent Christians did, in fact, refuse to make a sacrifice and were killed in the process, including Pope Fabian himself in 250, and "anti-Christian feeling[s] led to pogroms at Carthage and Alexandria." In reality, however, towards the end of the second year of Decius' reign, "the ferocity of the [anti-Christian] persecution had eased off, and the earlier tradition of tolerance had begun to reassert itself." The Christian church, though, never forgot the reign of Decius whom they labelled as that "fierce tyrant".

 

I have collected over 40 years and now it's time to clean out a few rooms and relax. Feel free to email questions.

 

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