Electronic business security
E-Business systems naturally have greater security risks than traditional business systems, therefore it is important for e-business systems to be fully protected against these risks. A far greater number of people have access to e-businesses through the internet than would have access to a traditional business. Customers, suppliers, employees, and numerous other people use any particular e-business system daily and expect their confidential information to stay secure. Hackers are one of the great threats to the security of e-businesses. Some common security concerns for e-Businesses include keeping business and customer information private and confidential, authenticity of data, and data integrity. Some of the methods of protecting e-business security and keeping information secure include physical security measures as well as data storage, data transmission, anti-virus software, firewalls, and encryption to list a few.
Key security concerns within e-business
Privacy and confidentiality
Confidentiality is the extent to which businesses makes personal information available to other businesses and individuals. With any business, confidential information must remain secure and only be accessible to the intended recipient. However, this becomes even more difficult when dealing with e-businesses specifically. To keep such information secure means protecting any electronic records and files from unauthorized access, as well as ensuring safe transmission and data storage of such information. Tools such as encryption and firewalls manage this specific concern within e-business.
E-business transactions pose greater challenges for establishing authenticity due to the ease with which electronic information may be altered and copied. Both parties in an e-business transaction want to have the assurance that the other party is who they claim to be, especially when a customer places an order and then submits a payment electronically. One common way to ensure this is to limit access to a network or trusted parties by using a virtual private network (VPN) technology. The establishment of authenticity is even greater when a combination of techniques are used, and such techniques involve checking "something you know" (i.e. password or PIN), "something you need " (i.e. credit card), or "something you are" (i.e. digital signatures or voice recognition methods). Many times in e-business, however, "something you are" is pretty strongly verified by checking the purchaser's "something you have" (i.e. credit card) and "something you know" (i.e. card number).
Data integrity answers the question "Can the information be changed or corrupted in any way?" This leads to the assurance that the message received is identical to the message sent. A business needs to be confident that data is not changed in transit, whether deliberately or by accident. To help with data integrity, firewalls protect stored data against unauthorized access, while simply backing up data allows recovery should the data or equipment be damaged.
This concern deals with the existence of proof in a transaction. A business must have assurance that the receiving party or purchaser cannot deny that a transaction has occurred, and this means having sufficient evidence to prove the transaction. One way to address non-repudiation is using digital signatures. A digital signature not only ensures that a message or document has been electronically signed by the person, but since a digital signature can only be created by one person, it also ensures that this person cannot later deny that they provided their signature.
When certain electronic resources and information is limited to only a few authorized individuals, a business and its customers must have the assurance that no one else can access the systems or information. Fortunately, there are a variety of techniques to address this concern including firewalls, access privileges, user identification and authentication techniques (such as passwords and digital certificates), Virtual Private Networks (VPN), and much more.
This concern is specifically pertinent to a business' customers as certain information must be available when customers need it. Messages must be delivered in a reliable and timely fashion, and information must be stored and retrieved as required. Because availability of service is important for all e-business websites, steps must be taken to prevent disruption of service by events such as power outages and damage to physical infrastructure. Examples to address this include data backup, fire-suppression systems, Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) systems, virus protection, as well as making sure that there is sufficient capacity to handle the demands posed by heavy network traffic.
Common security measures
Many different forms of security exist for e-businesses. Some general security guidelines include areas in physical security, data storage, data transmission, application development, and system administration.
Despite e-business being business done online, there are still physical security measures that can be taken to protect the business as a whole. Even though business is done online, the building that houses the servers and computers must be protected and have limited access to employees and other persons. For example, this room should only allow authorized users to enter, and should ensure that "windows, dropped ceilings, large air ducts, and raised floors" do not allow easy access to unauthorized persons. Preferably these important items would be kept in an air-conditioned room without any windows.
Protecting against the environment is equally important in physical security as protecting against unauthorized users. The room may protect the equipment against flooding by keeping all equipment raised off of the floor. In addition, the room should contain a fire extinguisher in case of fire. The organization should have a fire plan in case this situation arises.
In addition to keeping the servers and computers safe, physical security of confidential information is important. This includes client information such as credit card numbers, checks, phone numbers, etc. It also includes any of the organization's private information. Locking physical and electronic copies of this data in a drawer or cabinet is one additional measure of security. Doors and windows leading into this area should also be securely locked. Only employees that need to use this information as part of their job should be given keys.
Important information can also be kept secure by keeping backups of files and updating them on a regular basis. It is best to keep these backups in a separate secure location in case there is a natural disaster or breach of security at the main location.
"Failover sites" can be built in case there is a problem with the main location. This site should be just like the main location in terms of hardware, software, and security features. This site can be used in case of fire or natural disaster at the original site. It is also important to test the "failover site" to ensure it will actually work if the need arises.
State of the art security systems, such as the one used at Tidepoint's headquarters, might include access control, alarm systems, and closed-circuit television. One form of access control is face (or another feature) recognition systems. This allows only authorized personnel to enter, and also serves the purpose of convenience for employees who don't have to carry keys or cards. Cameras can also be placed throughout the building and at all points of entry. Alarm systems also serve as an added measure of protection against theft.
Storing data in a secure manner is very important to all businesses, but especially to e-businesses where most of the data is stored in an electronic manner. Data that is confidential should not be stored on the e-business' server, but instead moved to another physical machine to be stored. If possible this machine should not be directly connected to the internet, and should also be stored in a safe location. The information should be stored in an encrypted format.
Any highly sensitive information should not be stored if it is possible. If it does need to be stored, it should be kept on only a few reliable machines to prevent easy access. Extra security measures should be taken to protect this information (such as private keys) if possible. Additionally, information should only be kept for a short period of time, and once it is no longer necessary it should be deleted to prevent it from falling into the wrong hands. Similarly, backups and copies of information should be kept secure with the same security measures as the original information. Once a backup is no longer needed, it should be carefully but thoroughly destroyed.
Data transmission and application development
All sensitive information being transmitted should be encrypted. Businesses can opt to refuse clients who can't accept this level of encryption. Confidential and sensitive information should also never be sent through e-mail. If it must be, then it should also be encrypted.
Transferring and displaying secure information should be kept to a minimum. This can be done by never displaying a full credit card number for example. Only a few of the numbers may be shown, and changes to this information can be done without displaying the full number. It should also be impossible to retrieve this information online.
Source code should also be kept in a secure location. It should not be visible to the public.
Applications and changes should be tested before they are placed online for reliability and compatibility.
Security on default operating systems should be increased immediately. Patches and software updates should be applied in a timely manner. All system configuration changes should be kept in a log and promptly updated.
System administrators should keep watch for suspicious activity within the business by inspecting log files and researching repeated logon failures. They can also audit their e-business system and look for any holes in the security measures. It is important to make sure plans for security are in place but also to test the security measures to make sure they actually work. With the use of social engineering, the wrong people can get a hold of confidential information. To protect against this, staff can be made aware of social engineering and trained to properly deal with sensitive information.
E-businesses may use passwords for employee logons, accessing secure information, or by customers. Passwords should be made impossible to guess. They should consist of both letters and numbers, and be at least seven to eight digits long. They should not contain any names, birth dates, etc. Passwords should be changed frequently and should be unique each time. Only the password's user should know the password and it should never be written down or stored anywhere. Users should also be locked out of the system after a certain number of failed logon attempts to prevent guessing of passwords.
When it comes to security solutions, there are some main goals that are to be met. These goals are data integrity, strong authentication, and privacy.
Access and data integrity
There are several different ways to prevent access to the data that is kept online. One way is to use anti-virus software. This is something that most people use to protect their networks regardless of the data they have. E-businesses should use this because they can then be sure that the information sent and received to their system is clean. A second way to protect the data is to use firewalls and network protection. A firewall is used to restrict access to private networks, as well as public networks that a company may use. The firewall also has the ability to log attempts into the network and provide warnings as it is happening. They are very beneficial to keep third-parties out of the network. Businesses that use Wi-Fi need to consider different forms of protection because these networks are easier for someone to access. They should look into protected access, virtual private networks, or internet protocol security. Another option they have is an intrusion detection system. This system alerts when there are possible intrusions. Some companies set up traps or "hot spots" to attract people and are then able to know when someone is trying to hack into that area.
Encryption, which is actually a part of cryptography, involves transforming texts or messages into a code which is unreadable. These messages have to be decrypted in order to be understandable or usable for someone. There is a key that identifies the data to a certain person or company. With public key encryption, there are actually two keys used. One is public and one is private. The public one is used for encryption, and the private for decryption. The level of the actual encryption can be adjusted and should be based on the information. The key can be just a simple slide of letters or a completely random mix-up of letters. This is relatively easy to implement because there is software that a company can purchase. A company needs to be sure that their keys are registered with a certificate authority.
The point of a digital certificate is to identify the owner of a document. This way the receiver knows that it is an authentic document. Companies can use these certificates in several different ways. They can be used as a replacement for user names and passwords. Each employee can be given these to access the documents that they need from wherever they are. These certificates also use encryption. They are a little more complicated than normal encryption however. They actually used important information within the code. They do this in order to assure authenticity of the documents as well as confidentiality and data integrity which always accompany encryption. Digital certificates are not commonly used because they are confusing for people to implement. There can be complications when using different browsers, which means they need to use multiple certificates. The process is being adjusted so that it is easier to use.
A final way to secure information online would be to use a digital signature. If a document has a digital signature on it, no one else is able to edit the information without being detected. That way if it is edited, it may be adjusted for reliability after the fact. In order to use a digital signature, one must use a combination of cryptography and a message digest. A message digest is used to give the document a unique value. That value is then encrypted with the sender's private key. 
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- Item will be shipped within 1-2 working days after full payment is received. (except for the pre-sale listing).
- We only ship the item to your paypal confirmed address for fast and accurate shipment. Please double check your paypal shipping address before confirm the payment.
- Seller reserves the rights not to ship to the unconfirmed address for multiple bids
- HI, AK, PR, APO, FPO Customers please contact us for the shipping charge !! We reserve the right to refuse sending this product to those place due to UPS charge very high shipping fee to those area. thanks!!!
- Please see additional terms and conditions within your shipment. Please email us for RMA instructions if you cannot accept.
- Buyer agrees to arbitration in the State of California for all transactions.
- we only receive the money from paypal.
- We expect your fast payment.
- A non-payment dispute will be opened if full payment is not received after 7 days of auction.
- We are a professional online trade company specialized in commercial kitchenware, industrial tools and home/garden equipments and so on.
- Any questions, please contact us via ebay message or email us. We usually reply your question within 24 hours.
- If you did not hear from our customer service team within 24-36 hours, please check your email spam folder.
- If you are returning your item for a refund, a 20% restocking fee will apply. All returns will be professionally tested before refunds are given.
- Buyers are responsible for the return shipping costs.
- Shipping and handling fees are not refundable. Buyer is responsible for shipping costs incurred shipping products back.
- We are gladly accept your return within 30 days of the original purchase.
- All returns require an RMA (return merchandise authorization) number. Returns without an RMA number may be delayed or returned to the sender. (Please email to our customer service team to request the RMA number prior to return the item)
- Return products must also be in original condition. Fees will be applied for missing items (adapters, original box, harnesses, ect).
- Buyer is responsible for all return shipping costs to us.
- We will pay to ship the replacement item to you. If the exchange takes place over 30 days from the date of purchase, the buyer is responsible for the shipping costs in both directions.
- We only allow for even exchanges. Any exchange attempt for a different item will be subject to additional fees.
- We strives to maintain a goal of 48 hour service for all replacements. Delays may be incurred if lack of replacement inventory is encountered. We will contact you via email if such a back order happens.
- Items returned that are physically abused or damaged will not be accepted.
- All International Sales are final, the return/exchange policy does not apply to International orders
- No refunds will be given on items that have been opened or used; you can only exchange the item at that point.
Frequently Asked QuestionsHow can I track my package?If tracking information is available, you can track your package via the Your Orders page. Just click "Track Package" next to the delivery you want to follow.Why isn't there tracking information for my order?If you don't see any tracking data for your shipment and the estimated delivery date has not yet passed, your package should still arrive on time. You can find some common reasons why tracking information is unavailable on our Tracking Shipments Help page.Why didn't my order qualify for FREE Super Saver Shipping?Both the items ordered and the shipping address need to be eligible for FREE Super Saver Shipping. Our FREE Super Saver Shipping page has more information about what items and addresses are eligible.--------------------------------------------Group My Items Into As Few Shipments As PossibleChoose "group my items into as few shipments as possible" if you're trying to save money on shipping. However, depending on the availability of the items you're purchasing, you might have to wait a bit longer for your order to ship since we'll consolidate your items into the fewest number of deliveries possible.Please be aware that items listed as having Not Yet Released or Back Ordered availability can potentially delay shipments with this shipping option.Shipping Items As Soon As They Become AvailableChoose "I want my items faster. Ship them as soon as they become available (at additional cost)" to have your items ship as they become available, beginning with those already in stock. If some of the items in your order are eligible for Guaranteed Accelerated Delivery, you should choose this option if you want to receive those items quickly--otherwise, the delivery of the items may be delayed.You'll be charged a per-shipment fee for each shipment, but you'll get some or all of your items earlier than you would have if you'd chosen the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option. Of course, we'll still attempt to save you money by consolidating items where it makes sense to do so.Estimating the Number of ShipmentsThe number of shipments we make for your order is dependent upon: Our fulfillment network: tommyloris0369 has many fulfillment centers located across the United States. These centers often house different types of products. If you order dissimilar items--say, a book, a computer, and a cordless drill--they may ship separately, depending on where in our fulfillment network they happen to be located. Items requiring special shipping and handling: Items that require special shipping and handling (for example, items that are large and/or heavy) are marked on their product detail pages as such and will ship separately from other items in your order. In some cases, these items require an adult signature upon delivery.You might receive more packages than we said you would receive when you placed your order. We may also combine items from multiple orders into a single package. Regardless, we will never charge you more for shipping than the amount that was originally quoted to you at the time you place the order.--------------------------------------------Introductiontommyloris0369 gladly accepts orders from all around the globe. Available product lines, shipping rates and fees may vary depending on the delivery address for your order.To see the shipping rate information specific to your order's destination, click the link for your region at the bottom of this page under the heading "Related Topics."There may be limitations on where and whether tommyloris0369 Marketplace sellers offering international shipping. For more information, visit our Buying from Outside the U.S. Help page.Read more about shipping to U.S. protectorates or APO, FPO, or DPO addresses.Your packages may be subject to the customs fees and import duties of the country to which you have your order shipped. These charges are always the recipient's responsibility. For further details, read about Restrictions (which apply to all international shipments) and Import Fees Deposits.--------------------------------------------LimitationsFor products shipped internationally, please note that any manufacturer warranty may not be valid; manufacturer service options may not be available; product manuals, instructions and safety warnings may not be in destination country languages; the products (and accompanying materials) may not be designed in accordance with destination country standards, specifications, and labeling requirements; and the products may not conform to destination country voltage and other electrical standards (requiring use of an adapter or converter if appropriate). You are responsible for assuring that the product can be lawfully imported to the destination country. When ordering from tommyloris0369ebay, the recipient is the importer of record and must comply with all laws and regulations of the destination country.PrivacyYour privacy is important to us, and we know that you care about how information about your order is used and shared. We would like our international customers and customers shipping products internationally to be aware that cross-border shipments are subject to opening and inspection by customs authorities.Also, we may provide certain order, shipment, and product information, such as titles, to our international carriers, and such information may be communicated by the carriers to customs authorities in order to facilitate customs clearance and comply with local laws.If the order is a gift, the package is marked "Gift," but the cost of the item is still stated on the customs form.Customs authorities require the value of the gift item to be stated directly on the package.Returns & ReplacementsThe above terms (including, if applicable, terms related to the Import Fee Deposit) also apply to the shipment of any replacement product that might be shipped if there is a problem with the original shipment. If you return a product to us, you will be the exporter from the destination country. Title and risk of loss transfer to us upon receipt at our fulfillment centers. For additional information please use the "Contact Us" form accessible on the right-side of this page. For items purchased from sellers on tommyloris0369, please see the applicable seller's return and replacement policies.--------------------------------------------Canceling OrdersMost orders you place on tommyloris0369ebay enter the shipping process fast so we can get your items to you as soon as possible. If your order hasn't shipped: You can cancel the order via . See Reviewing & Changing Your Orders for information on canceling orders. If your order has already shipped: Since orders in the shipping process cannot be modified, you'll need to refuse delivery or initiate a return when the item arrives.Damaged ItemsVisit our Returns Center and choose "Return an item" to send us details about the damage to your item. You'll also have the opportunity to tell us if you want to return the item for a refund or receive a replacement item.If you feel your item was damaged due to poor packaging, please let us know by submitting feedback about the packaging.Seller Orders For Seller orders, see our Problems with Seller Orders Help page. For information on the A-to-z Guarantee, see our A-to-z Guarantee Protection Help pages. ExchangesIf you received a faulty item and need to exchange it for the same item, Visit our Returns Center to request a replacement.If you would like to exchange an item for a different one, Visit our Returns Center to return the original item and place a new order for the item you'd like to purchase.Wrong ItemsI Received the Wrong ItemIf you received a wrong item, Visit our Returns Centerand select "Return an Item." You will see instructions for returning the incorrect item and will have the opportunity to tell us if you want a replacement or a refund.I Received an Item I Did Not OrderClick the "Contact Us" button at the top right of this page and we'll provide instructions for returning the item.Missing ItemsIf you're missing an item from your package, check the order summary in to verify all the items in your order were shipped in the same parcel.At times, we may split your order into multiple shipments (at no additional cost to you) if the items are being shipped from different fulfillment centers. When this happens, your order will list the separate shipments.Defective ItemsIf your item isn't working properly, check the product manual that arrived with the item and the product's tommyloris0369 detail page for basic troubleshooting and "getting started" steps. You should contact the manufacturer for additional troubleshooting assistance, to request any missing pieces or replacement parts, or for more information about warranties for your item.If you're unable to resolve the issue after contacting the manufacturer, take a look at the Product Specific Overview page for help with receiving a replacement or returning your item for a refund.--------------------------------------------Canceling Items or OrdersIf an unavailable item is keeping other items on an order from shipping or you simply decide you don't need an item anymore, you can delete items from your open orders in the Orders section in Your Account. Deleting all items in an order will cancel the entire order.If your order has shipped it cannot be modified. To return the unwanted items, you may refuse the package or return it using our Online Returns Center.To cancel an item or an entire order: Click the Your Orders button in Your Account. Click the Cancel Items button. Note: Orders that have shipped cannot be modified and the Cancel Items button will not appear. Click the check box next to each item you wish to remove from the order. If you wish to cancel the entire order, check all the items. Click the Cancel checked items button when finished.After submitting the cancelation, you'll see an "Important Messages" screen confirming the cancelation. If you canceled the entire order, we'll also send a confirmation message to the e-mail address on your account.You can also confirm the cancelation by visiting Your Account. Only open orders will appear. If you do not see the order, you will know it was successfully canceled.Changing an Order Before It ShipsMost orders you place on tommyloris0369ebay enter the shipping process very quickly so we can get your items to you as soon as possible. Orders already in the shipping process cannot be modified.You can update your unshipped orders by visiting the Order section in Your Account and then clicking the Change button next to each item you wish to modify (billing address, shipping address, payment method, gift options, etc.).To edit an order from the Order Summary in Your Account: Click the Your Account link at the top of any tommyloris0369ebay page or visit it directly at www.tommyloris0369ebay/your-account. Visit the Order Summary for the order you wish to change. Note: Orders that have entered the shipping process cannot be modified. Follow the on-screen instructions to update the desired information.Reviewing OrdersYou can review the status of any order you've placed via the Your Account page. For orders that have yet to ship, you'll be able to review the order total, shipping address, payment method, and item availability. For orders that have been shipped, you can confirm the date and method of shipment, an estimated date of arrival, and a tracking number, if applicable.Changing tommyloris0369 Seller OrdersGenerally, you won't be able to change or cancel tommyloris0369ebay seller orders via the Your Account page. Instead, you'll need to contact the seller directly. Here's how: Go to the Your Account page and click the "View Recent and Open Orders" button. Find your order and click "View order." Click "Problem with this order?" Click the "Contact seller" button.Note: Sellers can't change the shipping address for you once you've submitted your order. If you need to update the shipping address and the item hasn't shipped yet, you'll need to request a cancellation and order again.