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Details about  INDIAN MASSACRE Abraham Lincoln GEORGE CUSTER 1883 Document BLACK HILLS, DAKOTA

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Feb 18, 2012
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Used: An item that has been used previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of ... Read moreabout the condition

I am offering for sale a terrific, scarce and wonderful item.  It is a court paper from Dakota Territory in 1883 signed by Judge J.P. Kidder.  It is in pristine condition, except for normal folds and tiny straight pin holes at top.  This would be a most fantastic item framed.  It measures approximately 8.5" x 14".  It is signed by Judge J.P. Kidder who was a remarkable old west character all by his lonesome, who delivered a momentous speech to Congress to persuade them to open the Black Hills in 1876.   But throw in the mix that Abraham Lincoln appointed to be associate justice of the supreme court of Dakota Territory, that his son Lyman was a soldier in 1867 delivering messages to George Custer and got massacred, and the Judge's grandson Jeff Kidder was a respected and relatively unknown lawman who died with his boots on in a 1908 shootout, south of the border, and well wow.  This is a great Old West relic.  You tell me what its worth, $1 start, no reserve.

I accept PayPal. I package items very carefully. I am a collector too, and know how important the safe arrival of your item is to you.  Free shipping in the United States.  International buyers pay shipping to be calculated.  Please take a good look at the scans.  Please ask all questions first.

KIDDER, Jefferson Parish, (1815-1883), a Delegate from the Territory of Dakota; born in Braintree, Orange County, Vt., June 4, 1815; attended the common schools and was graduated from the Norwich Military Academy, Northfield, Vt.; engaged in agricultural pursuits and teaching; studied law at Montpelier; was admitted to the bar in 1839 and practiced at Braintree and West Randolph; member of the State constitutional convention in 1843; State’s attorney 1843-1847; member of the State senate in 1847 and 1848; Lieutenant Governor of Vermont in 1853 and 1854; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856; moved to St. Paul, Minn., in 1857; affiliated with the Republican Party in 1860; member of the house of representatives of Minnesota in 1863 and 1864; moved to Vermillion, Dak., having been appointed by President Lincoln as associate justice of the supreme court of Dakota Territory February 23, 1865; reappointed by President Grant April 6, 1869; again appointed March 18, 1873, and served until February 24, 1875, when he resigned, having been elected to Congress; elected as a Republican to the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1875-March 3, 1879); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1878; appointed justice of the supreme court of Dakota Territory by President Hayes on April 2, 1879; reappointed by President Arthur on April 27, 1883, and served until his death; died in St. Paul, Minn., October 2, 1883; interment in Oakland Cemetery


The following is from History of Dakota Territory, by George Washington Kingsbury, 1915, pages 931-939.





In the House of Representatives, June 29, 1876, the House having under consideration the bill [H. R. No. 2417],  Hills in the Territory

of Dakota open to exploration and settlement, to secure the right of way there to and for other purposes, Mr. Kidder, delegate from the Territory of Dakota

Mr. Speaker : On the 28th day of February last, I introduced the following bill :

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled:  That all that portion of country lying between the forty-third and forty-sixth degrees of north latitude, and of west longitude and the west boundary of the Territory of Dakota, is to be open for exploration and settlement…

We are told by persons who boast of their Christian philanthropy and transcendent love for the Indian, that all of our troubles with these people, the robberies, murders they commit upon the whites, are the legitimate result of our tyranny and oppression of them. How convenient for philanthropic purposes and the advancement of human efforts to benefit these Indians, whether pretended or real, practical or impractical, this may be in excusing the barbarities of the savages, it lacks the essential quality of truth to sustain it,while it tends to engender a false and sickly sympathy in behalf of the Indian race and a prejudice toward our own.

No reliance can be placed in the plighted faith of the North American Indian until he has become civilized and enlightened. The fictions of Cooper and Longfellow have no existence in fact ; they are purely imaginary and meretricious…From the day they fixed their cross to this treaty hitherto they have been engaged in predatory raids upon our frontier, robbing and murdering the white settlers, sparing neither age, nor sex, nor conditions in life, committing "such hellish torture as can only be suggested by savage lust."  Hundreds, yes, I may with truthfulness say thousands…of our western frontier settlers…have fallen victims to the frightful forays of these barbarians. Human life and property have not been secure from the midnight incursions, the fatal rifle shot, the tomahawk and scalping knife.

…Today Sitting Bull and his associate chiefs, who were parties to this treaty, with their holds on the Yellowstone and Powder Rivers, hundreds of miles from this place shake their bloody girdles of white man's scalps, on some of which the human gore has not yet coagulated, in the faces of your officers, and bid defiance to your laws and authority.

[The Sioux]  have never attempted to utilize the country known as Black Hills : never hunted or fished therein, and had it not been for the restless mental activity of out which is ever seeking unexplored fields in science as well as in geography, and which gave to us the priceless treasures of California and the west coast, the silver of Nevada and acres of Texas, and developed in the Black Hills country golden graceless paupers of the nation never would have dreamed of going had no attractions until the white man 1 I gave to them their decorations bleeding scalps, and well have the) availed them opportunity.

The present status of the Black Hills. — That gold is in the Black Hills pioneers have known for more than thirty years. The geological survey of Professor Hayden over ten years ago established that fact. The explorations of Professor Jenney in 1875 were sufficiently thorough to establish beyond a doubt that valuable gold fields exist there. Within the last six months citizens of my territory have gone there comparatively poor, and have returned well off. That more than one hundred thousand dollars worth of gold dust has

been taken out of these hills by the people of Dakota alone, been brought home and there sold, is a fact of which I have personal knowledge.

During these anxious days when the President and Congress were endeavor-
ing to discover some method hy which they could facilitate the opening of the Black Hills to white settlement, it is authentically related that the delegate from the Territory of Dakota, Tudge Kidder, called upon President Grant, and asked him if there was no possible way for him to use his executive authority to get the coveted country thrown open to white occupation. Grant knew of no way, but strongly hinted to Kidder if he could get him authority to appoint commissioners to negotiate with the Indians, and money enough to pay them, he would appoint the commissioners immediately and as speedily as possible make terms with the Indians. The session was drawing to a close. During the last hours at midnight a conference committee upon an appropriation bill was in session Kidder hurried to and fro through the capitol with an amendment in hi- hand
to go into this appropriation bill. He found the committee just as they were
ready to close their report, and tired and exhausted as they were, the good nature of the delegate proved successful in getting their consent to put in hi- amendment. It authorized the President to appoint commissioners to visit the Siouxcountry, negotiate with the Indians, and made an appropriation to defray expenses. The amendment was substantially the provision of law which governed in the making of the agreement with the Sioux lor the Black Hills, in 1876. The bill passed Congress during August, and in September and October the important agreement was made by which the Indians relinquished all claims to the hills country.

This speech goes on.  I have only included enough to give you an idea of its content.  You can look up Judge Kidder's words in their entirety by typing in "delegate kidder's zeal" at Google Books.



Judge Kidder's remarks may seem harsh, but to get a full picture of him, his times and life, it is necessary to know that he lost his son Lyman in 1867 to an Indian attack.  Lyman was a Lt. on the Plains.  He was sent with dispatches from General William Sherman with 10 or so troop and scouts to deliver a message to Lt. Col. Custer.  Custer was on the Republican River in Nebraska, but for some reason moved.  Lyman Kidder didn't know where he had gone.  For some reason he then headed for Fort Wallace.  This is when a band of Sioux and Cheyenne intercepted him.  The ensuing battle has since then been known at Kidder Massacre.  It took place at Beaver Creek, Sherman County, Kansas.  "Custer wrote In his book, My Life on the Plains, Custer described it in these words: "Each body was pierced by from 20 to 50 arrows, and the arrows were found as the savage demons had left them, bristling in the bodies."  Judge Kidder, with Custer's help, retrieved his son's body and took it home for burial.   WIKIPEDIA



Also, fascinating is the story of "Jeff Kidder (November 15, 1875 - April 5, 1908) was a little-known police officer in the closing days of the Old WEST. He is considered one of the twelve most underrated gunmen of the Old West.  [Kidder was with the Arizona Rangers starting in 1903].   In late March 1908, Kidder pursued gunrunners into Mexico. He entered Naco, Sonora on April 3, 1908, and in a small cantina he located his suspects. A gunfight erupted between Kidder and Delores Quias and Tomas Amador, both of whom were Mexican policemen, resulting in both suspects being wounded, and their wounding Kidder. Two Mexican police, in business with the outlaws, burst into the cantina and fired at Kidder, hitting him in the gut. Kidder, alone and outnumbered, continued the fight, returning fire on the two officers, killing them both. Kidder was badly wounded, the bullet having ripped through his intestines and exiting his back, leaving him lying on the floor.  Kidder, realizing he was in trouble, staggered to his feet and walked into the night and began attempting to reach the US border several hundred yards away. Several Mexican policemen and civilians stood between him and the border by this point and they began firing at Kidder. Ranger Kidder then attempted to return fire, but his gun was empty, so he veered to his right heading for the boundary. Taking cover, he reloaded and shot one of the civilians who came within his range, killing the man. Kidder continued to return fire until his ammunition was expended, at which point he surrendered." From Wikipedia check the listing there for "Jeff Kidder" for a more complete report. 

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