Hadrian - Roman Emperor: 117-138 A.D. -
Silver Denarius (20mm, 3.16 gm.) Rome mint: 134 - 138 A.D.
Reference: RIC 299
HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P - Laureate, draped bust right.
AFRICA - Africa, reclining left, holding scorpion and cornucopia; basketAC of
fruit at feet to left.
Provided with certificate of authenticity.
by Sergey Nechayev, PhD -
Publius Aelius Hadrianus
(as emperor Imperator Caesar Divi Traiani filius Traianus Hadrianus Augustus,
and Divus Hadrianus after his
known as Hadrian in
English; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138) was
from AD 117 to 138, as well as a
Epicurean philosopher. A member of the
Hadrian was the third of the so-called
Five Good Emperors.
Hadrian was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus in
or, less probably, in
from a well-established family which had originated in
Italy and had
subsequently settled in
Hispania Baetica (the republican
Ulterior), near the present day location of Seville, Spain. His predecessor
Trajan was a
maternal cousin of Hadrian's father.
Trajan never officially designated a successor, but, according to his wife,
Pompeia Plotina, Trajan named Hadrian emperor immediately before his death.
Trajan's wife was well-disposed toward Hadrian: Hadrian may well have owed his
succession to her.
Hadrian's presumed indebtedness to Plotina was widely regarded as the reason
for Hadrian's succession. However, there is evidence that he accomplished his
succession on his own governing and leadership merits while Trajan was still
alive. For example, between the years AD 100–108 Trajan gave several public
examples of his personal favour towards Hadrian, such as betrothing him to his
Sabina, designating him quaestor Imperatoris, comes Augusti,
giving him Nerva's diamond "as hope of succession", proposing him for consul
suffectus, and other gifts and distinctions. The young Hadrian was Trajan's
only direct male family/marriage/bloodline. The support of Plotina and of
L. Licinius Sura (died in AD 108) were nonetheless extremely important for
Hadrian, already in this early epoch.