AUTHENTIC VINTAGE TRADING CARD OF FAMOUS TV COWBOY STAR, GENE AUTRY.............one of the most popular and famous Americans for many, many years.........will ship free(in America) in plain mailing envelope.
Orvon Grover Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998), better known as Gene Autry, was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television for more than three decades beginning in the 1930s. Autry was also owner of the Los Angeles/California Angels Major League Baseball team from 1961 to 1997, a television station and several radio stations in Southern California.
Although his signature song was "Back in the Saddle Again," Autry is best known today for his Christmas holiday songs, "Here Comes Santa Claus" (which he wrote), "Frosty the Snowman," and his biggest hit, "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer."
He is a member of both the Country Music and Nashville Songwriters
halls of fame, and is the only person to be awarded stars in all five
categories (Film, Television, Music, Radio, and Live Performance) on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Autry, the grandson of a Methodist preacher, was born near Tioga, Texas. His parents, Delbert Autry and Elnora Ozment, moved to Ravia, Oklahoma in the 1920s. He worked on his father's ranch while at school. After leaving high school in 1925, Autry worked as a telegrapher for the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway.
Talent with the guitar and his voice led to performing at local dances.
Early career Singing
While working as a telegrapher, Autry would sing and accompany
himself on the guitar to pass the lonely hours, especially when he had
the midnight shift. One night he got encouragement to sing
professionally from a customer, the famous humorist and wit, Will Rogers, who had heard Autry singing.
As soon as he could collect money to travel, he went to New York. He auditioned for Victor Records, at just about the time (end of 1928) it became RCA Victor. According to Nathaniel Shilkret,
director of Light Music for Victor at the time, Autry asked to speak to
Shilkret when Autry found that he had been turned down. Shilkret
explained to Autry that he was turned down not because of his voice, but
because Victor had just made contracts with two similar singers. Autry
left with a letter of introduction from Shilkret and the advice to sing
on radio to gain experience and to come back in a year or two. In 1928
Autry was singing on Tulsa’s radio station KVOO as "Oklahoma's Yodeling
Cowboy," and the Victor archives
shows an October 9, 1929, entry stating that the vocal duet of Jimmie
Long and Gene Autry with two Hawaiian guitars, directed by L. L. Watson,
recorded “My Dreaming of You” (Matrix 56761) and “My Alabama” (Matrix
Autry signed a recording deal with Columbia Records in 1929. He worked in Chicago, Illinois, on the WLS-AM radio show National Barn Dance for four years, and with his own show, where he met singer-songwriter Smiley Burnette. In his early recording career, Autry covered various genres, including a labor song, "The Death of Mother Jones" in 1931.
Autry with the Pinafores, who also sang on his weekly radio show, 1948.
Autry also recorded many "hillbilly"-style
records in 1930 and 1931 in New York City, which were certainly
different in style and content from his later recordings. These were
much closer in style to the Prairie Ramblers or Dick Justice,
and included the "Do Right, Daddy Blues" and "Black Bottom Blues," both
similar to "Deep Elem Blues." These late-Prohibition era songs deal
with bootlegging, corrupt police, and women whose occupation was
certainly vice. These recordings are generally not heard today but are
available on European import labels, such as JSP Records.
His first hit was in 1932 with "That Silver-Haired Daddy Of Mine," a
duet with fellow railroad man, Jimmy Long, and which Autry and Long
co-wrote, which was parodied by Sesame Street as "That Furry Blue Mommy
Autry also sang the classic Ray Whitley
hit "Back In The Saddle Again," as well as many Christmas holiday
songs, including "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town," his own composition
"Here Comes Santa Claus," "Frosty the Snowman," and his biggest hit,
"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer."
Autry was the original owner of Challenge Records. The label's biggest hit was "Tequila" by The Champs
in 1958, which started the rock-and-roll instrumental craze of the late
1950s and early 1960s. He sold the label soon after, but the maroon and
later green label has the "GA" in a shield above the label name.
Autry made 640 recordings, including more than 300 songs written or
co-written by himself. His records sold more than 100 million copies and
he has more than a dozen gold and platinum records, including the first
record ever certified gold.
Discovered by film producer Nat Levine in 1934, Autry and Burnette made their film debut for Mascot Pictures Corp. in In Old Santa Fe as part of a singing cowboy quartet; he was then given the starring role by Levine in 1935 in the 12-part serial The Phantom Empire. Shortly thereafter, Mascot was absorbed by the newly-formed Republic Pictures Corp. and Autry went along to make a further 44 films up to 1940, all B Westerns in which he played under his own name, rode his horse, Champion, had Burnette as his regular sidekick, and had many opportunities to sing in each film. Pat Buttram
was picked by Gene Autry, recently returned from his World War II
service in the Army Air Force, to work with him. Buttram would co-star
with Gene Autry in more than 40 films and in over 100 episodes of
Autry's television show
In the Motion Picture Herald Top Ten Money-Making Western
Stars poll Autry was listed every year from 1936 to 1942 and 1946 to
1954 (he was serving in the US Army Air Corps 1943–45), holding first
place 1937 to 1942, and second place (after Roy Rogers) 1947 to 1954. He appeared in the similar Box Office poll from 1936 to 1955, holding first place from 1936 to 1942 and second place (after Rogers) from 1943 to 1952. While these two polls are really an indication only of the popularity of series stars, Autry also appeared in the Top Ten Money Makers Poll of all films from 1940 to 1942, His Gene Autry Flying "A" Ranch Rodeo show debuted in 1940.
Gene Autry was the first of the singing cowboys in films, succeeded as the top star by Roy Rogers
when he served in World War II. Autry briefly returned to Republic
after the war to finish out his contract, which had been suspended for
the duration of his military service and which he had tried to have
declared void after his discharge. He appeared in 1951 in the film Texans Never Cry, with a role for newcomer Mary Castle.
After 1951 he formed his own production company to make Westerns under
his own control, which continued the 1947 distribution agreement with Columbia Pictures.
Autry purchased the 110 acre Monogram Movie Ranch in 1953, located in Placerita Canyon near Newhall, California in the northern San Gabriel Mountains foothills. He renamed it the Melody Ranch after his movie Melody Ranch. Autry then sold 98 acres of the property, most of the original ranch. The Western town, adobes, and ranch cabin sets and open land for location shooting were retained as a movie ranch on 12 acres. A decade after he purchased Melody Ranch, a brushfire
swept through in August 1962, destroying most of the original standing
sets. However, the devastated landscape did prove useful for productions
such as Combat!. A complete adobe ranch survived at the northeast section of the ranch.
In 1990, after his favorite horse Champion, who lived in retirement
there, died, Autry put the remaining 12 acre ranch up for sale. It is
now known as the Melody Ranch Motion Picture Studio and Melody Ranch
Studios on 22 acres. The ranch has Melody Ranch Museum open year-round; and one weekend a year the entire ranch is open to the public during the Cowboy Poetry & Music Festival, another legacy of Autry's multi-talents.
Radio and TV
From 1940 to 1956 Autry had a huge hit with a weekly show on CBS Radio, Gene Autry's Melody Ranch. His horse, Champion, also had a CBS-TV and Mutual radio series, The Adventures of Champion.
He created the Cowboy Code, or Cowboy Commandments, in response to his
young radio listeners aspiring to emulate him. Under his code, the
- Never shoot first, hit a smaller man or take unfair advantage;
- Never go back on his word or a trust confided in him;
- Always tell the truth;
- Be gentle with children, the elderly and animals;
- Not advocate or possess racially or religiously intolerant ideas;
- Help people in distress;
- Be a good worker;
- Keep himself clean in thought, speech, action and personal habits;
- Respect women, parents and his nation's laws;
- Be a patriot.
Beginning in 1950 he produced and starred in his own television show on CBS and made several appearances on ABC-TV's Jubilee USA in the late 1950s. In 1995 Autry costarred with Charlton Heston, Mickey Rooney, Deborah Winters and Peter Graves in the Warren Chaney docudrama, America: A Call to Greatness.
Autry served as a C-47 Skytrain pilot in the United States Army Air Forces, with the rank of flight officer in the Air Transport Command during World War II flying dangerous missions over the Himalayas, nicknamed the Hump, between Burma and China.
Few are aware of Autry's longtime involvement in professional rodeo.
In 1942 Autry, at the height of his screen popularity, had a string of
rodeo stock based in Ardmore, Oklahoma. A year later he became a partner
in the World Championship Rodeo Company, which furnished livestock for
many of the country’s major rodeos. In 1954 he acquired Montana’s top
bucking string from the estate of Leo J. Cremer, Sr. and put Canadian
saddle bronc riding champion Harry Knight in charge of the operation. A
merger with the World Championship Rodeo Company in 1956 made Autry the
sole owner. He moved the entire company to a 24,000-acre (97 km2)
ranch near Fowler, Colorado, with Knight as the working partner in the
operation. For the next 12 years they provided livestock for most of the
major rodeos in Texas, Colorado, Montana and Nebraska. When the company
was sold in 1968, both men continued to be active in rodeo. For his
work as a livestock contractor Autry was inducted into the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association's ProRodeo Hall of Fame in 1979.
Autry retired from show business in 1964, having made almost 100 films up to 1955 and over 600 records. He was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1969 and to the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame
in 1970. After retiring, he invested widely and in real estate, radio,
and television, including the purchase from dying Republic Pictures the
rights for films he had made for the company.
In 1952 Autry bought the old Monogram Ranch in Placerita Canyon (Newhall-Santa Clarita, California,) and renamed it Melody Ranch. Numerous "B" Westerns and TV shows were shot there during Autry's ownership, including the initial years of Gunsmoke with James Arness. Melody Ranch burned down in 1962, dashing Autry's plans to turn it into a museum. According to a published story by Autry the fire caused him to turn his attention to Griffith Park, where he would build his Museum of Western Heritage (now known as the Autry National Center).
Melody Ranch came back to life after 1991, when it was purchased by the
Veluzat family and rebuilt. It survives as a movie location today as
well as the home of the City of Santa Clarita's annual Cowboy Festival, where Autry's legacy takes center stage.
In the 1950s Autry had been a minority owner of the minor-league Hollywood Stars. In 1960, when Major League Baseball announced plans to add an expansion team in Los Angeles, Autry—who had once declined an opportunity to play in the minor leagues—expressed
an interest in acquiring the radio broadcast rights to the team's
games. Baseball executives were so impressed by his approach that he was
persuaded to become the owner of the franchise rather than simply its
broadcast partner. The team, initially called the Los Angeles Angels upon its 1961 debut, moved to suburban Anaheim
in 1966, and was re-named the California Angels, then the Anaheim
Angels from 1997 until 2005, when it became the Los Angeles Angels of
Anaheim. Autry served as vice president of the American League from 1983 until his death. In 1995 he sold a quarter share of the team to The Walt Disney Company
and a controlling interest the following year, with the remaining share
to be transferred after his death. Earlier, in 1982, he sold Los
Angeles television station KTLA for $245 million. He also sold several radio stations he owned, including KSFO in San Francisco, KMPC in Los Angeles, KOGO in San Diego, and other stations in the Golden West radio network.
The number 26 (as in 26th man) was retired by the Angels in Autry's
honor. The chosen number reflected that baseball's rosters are 25-man
strong, so Autry's unflagging support for his team made him the 26th
Included for many years on Forbes
magazine's list of the 400 richest Americans, he slipped to their "near
miss" category in 1995 with an estimated net worth of $320 million.
Gene Autry died of lymphoma 3 days after his 91st birthday at his home in Studio City, California and is interred in the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
His death on October 2, 1998 came fewer than three months after the
death of another celebrated cowboy of the silver screen, radio, and TV, Roy Rogers.
In 1932 he married Ina May Spivey (who died in 1980), who was the niece of Jimmy Long. In 1981 he married Jacqueline Ellam, who had been his banker. He had no children by either marriage.
Gene Autry statue in Palm Springs, California
In 1972 he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Autry was a life member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Burbank Lodge No. 1497. His 1976 autobiography, co-written by Mickey Herskowitz, was titled Back in the Saddle Again
after his 1939 hit and signature tune. He is also featured year after
year, on radio and "shopping mall music" at the holiday season, by his
recording of "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer." "Rudolph" became the first #1 hit of the 1950s. CMT in 2003 ranked him #38 in CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music.
When the Anaheim Angels won their first World Series in 2002, much of the championship was dedicated to him. The interchange of Interstate 5 and State Route 134, located near the Autry National Center in Los Angeles, is signed as the "Gene Autry Memorial Interchange." In 2007, he became a charter member of the Gennett Records Walk of Fame in Richmond, Indiana.
Johnny Cash recorded a song in 1978 about Autry called "Who is Gene Autry?" Cash also got Autry to sign his famous black Martin D-35 guitar, which he plays in the video of "Hurt."
Autry was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame
in 2003. In 2004, the Starz Entertainment Corporation joined forces
with the Autry estate to restore all of his films, which have been shown
on Starz's Encore Western Channel on cable television on a regular
basis to date since.
Hollywood Walk of Fame
Autry is the only celebrity to have five stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one in each of the five categories maintained by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. They are:
||6644 Hollywood Blvd.
||6520 Hollywood Blvd.
||6384 Hollywood Blvd.
||6667 Hollywood Blvd.
||7000 Hollywood Blvd.
The Museum of the American West
The Museum of the American West in Los Angeles' Griffith Park
was founded in 1988 as the Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum,
featuring much of his collection of Western art and memorabilia. Its
mission is to preserve everything related to the "mythic aspects" of the
American "Old West" from true historical lifestyles to the 70-year saga
of the Hollywood Western movie genre.
||South of the Border, All American Cowboy
|Cowboy Hall of Fame
|"Frosty the Snow Man" (w/ The Cass County Boys)
|"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (w/ The Pinafores)
||"Old Soldiers Never Die"
||"Up on the Housetop"
||"Nobody's Darlin' but Mine"
|"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (re-entry)
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart
||"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (re-entry)
||"Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (re-entry)
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart
From 1934 to 1959, Gene Autry appeared in 94 films. From 1950 to 1955, he also appeared in 91 episodes of The Gene Autry Show television series. In 1985, he made his last appearance on screen in a television movie, All American Cowboy.
- 1959 Alias Jesse James
- 1953 Last of the Pony Riders
- 1953 Saginaw Trail
- 1953 Pack Train
- 1953 Goldtown Ghost Riders
- 1953 On Top of Old Smoky
- 1953 Winning of the West
- 1952 Blue Canadian Rockies
- 1952 Wagon Team
- 1952 Barbed Wire
- 1952 Apache Country
- 1952 Night Stage to Galveston
- 1952 The Old West
- 1951 Valley of Fire
- 1951 The Hills of Utah
- 1951 Silver Canyon
- 1951 Whirlwind
- 1951 Texans Never Cry
- 1951 Gene Autry and the Mounties
- 1950 The Blazing Sun
- 1950 Indian Territory
- 1950 Beyond the Purple Hills
- 1950 Hoedown
- 1950 Cow Town
- 1950 Mule Train
- 1949 Sons of New Mexico
- 1949 Riders in the Sky
- 1949 The Cowboy and the Indians
- 1949 Rim of the Canyon
- 1949 Riders of the Whistling Pines
- 1949 The Big Sombrero
- 1948 Loaded Pistols
- 1948 The Strawberry Roan
- 1947 The Last Round-up
- 1947 Robin Hood of Texas
- 1947 Saddle Pals
- 1947 Twilight on the Rio Grande
- 1947 Trail to San Antone
- 1946 Sioux City Sue
- 1942 Bells of Capistrano
- 1942 Call of the Canyon
- 1942 Stardust on the Sage
- 1942 Home in Wyomin'
- 1942 Heart of the Rio Grande
- 1942 Cowboy Serenade
- 1941 Sierra Sue
- 1941 Down Mexico Way
- 1941 Under Fiesta Stars
- 1941 Sunset in Wyoming
- 1941 The Singing Hill
- 1941 Back in the Saddle
- 1941 Ridin' on a Rainbow
- 1940 Melody Ranch
- 1940 Ride, Tenderfoot, Ride
- 1940 Carolina Moon
- 1940 Gaucho Serenade
- 1940 Shooting High
- 1940 Rancho Grande
- 1939 South of the Border
- 1939 Rovin' Tumbleweeds
- 1939 In Old Monterey
- 1939 Colorado Sunset
- 1939 Mountain Rhythm
- 1939 Blue Montana Skies
- 1939 Mexicali Rose
- 1939 Home on the Prairie
- 1938 Western Jamboree
- 1938 Rhythm of the Saddle
- 1938 Prairie Moon
- 1938 Man from Music Mountain
- 1938 Gold Mine in the Sky
- 1938 The Old Barn Dance
- 1937 Springtime in the Rockies
- 1937 Boots and Saddles
- 1937 Public Cowboy No. 1
- 1937 Yodelin' Kid from Pine Ridge
- 1937 Rootin' Tootin' Rhythm
- 1937 Git Along Little Dogies
- 1937 Round-Up Time in Texas
- 1936 The Old Corral
- 1936 The Big Show
- 1936 Ride Ranger Ride
- 1936 Oh, Susanna!
- 1936 Guns and Guitars
- 1936 The Singing Cowboy
- 1936 Comin' 'Round the Mountain
- 1936 Red River Valley
- 1935 The Singing Vagabond
- 1935 Sagebrush Troubadour
- 1935 Melody Trail
- 1935 Tumbling Tumbleweeds
- 1935 The Phantom Empire
- 1934 Mystery Mountain
- 1934 In Old Santa F
- ^ George-Warren, Holly. Public Cowby no. 1 : The Life and Times of Gene Autry. New York: Oxford University Press. 2007. ISBN 978-0-19-517746-6.p13.
- ^ http://projects.latimes.com/hollywood/star-walk/about/#most-stars
- ^ DeLong, Thomas A., The Mighty Music Box, Amber Crest Books, Los Angeles, California. ISBN 0-86533-000-X.
- ^ Smith,
Ardis, “Autry, First Cowboy of Land, Makes $300,000 Annually,” Buffalo
N. Y. News, November 13, 1940. (A copy of the article is reproduced in
the archival edition of the Shilkret autobiography.)
- ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Autry, Gene.
- ^ Shilkret,
Nathaniel, ed. Niel Shell and Barbara Shilkret, Nathaniel Shilkret:
Sixty Years in the Music Business, Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Md., 2005. ISBN 0-8108-5128-8.
- ^ Victor Recording Book, p. 7247. (This is a page from Victor's daily log of recordings.)
- ^ Phil Hardy The Encyclopedia of Western Movies, London, Octopus, 1985, ISBN 0-7064-2555-5
- ^ http://www.b-westerns.com/terms5.htm
- ^ http://www.quigleypublishing.com/MPalmanac/Top10/Top10_lists.html
- ^ http://www.imdb.com/find?s=all&q=Gene+Autry IMDB: Gene Autry Filmography. access date: 5/15/2010.
- ^ http://www.scvhistory.com/scvhistory/sg032903.htm "Movie Magic in Placerita Canyon" www.scvhistory(society). Melody Ranch history. access date: 5/15/2010
- ^ http://employees.oxy.edu/jerry//melody.htm oxy.edu. Melody Ranch. access date: 5/15/2010
- ^ http://www.scvleon.com/newhall/autry.htm www.scvleon. "Memories of the place I called Melody Ranch" by Gene Autry. access date:2/2/2008.
- ^ http://www.melodyranchstudio.com/ www.melodyranchstudio. 'Melody Ranch Motion Picture Studio.' access date: 5/15/2010
- ^ http://www.melodyranchstudio.com/museum.html www.melodyranchstudio. 'Museum.' access date: 5/15/2010.
- ^ http://www.cowboyfestival.org/ www.cowboyfestival. "City of Santa Clarita Cowboy Poetry & Music Festival.'
- ^ Internet Movie Database 
- ^ Gene Autry as flight officer
- ^ "Gene Autry.com". Gene Autry Entertainment. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- ^ "Second Hand Songs - Song: You Are My Sunshine - Paul Rice". secondhandsongs.com. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- ^ "The Online Discographical Project – Okeh (CBS) 6500 - 6747 (1941 - 45)". 78discography.com. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- ^ IMDB Gene Autry, retrieved August 27, 2011
- ^ Warren, George. Public Cowboy No. 1: The Life and Times of Gene Autry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp.382-385.
- Guyot-Smith, Jonathan (1998). "Gene Autry." In The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Paul Kingsbury, Editor. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 22–3
On Apr-05-12 at 16:13:03 PDT, seller added the following information: