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Details about  FRANCE Écrivains Modernes; FRENCH/ Française Literature

FRANCE Écrivains Modernes; FRENCH/ Française Literature

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Item specifics

Binding: Hardcover Printing Year: 1884
Subject: Literature & Fiction Origin: European
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"Modern Writers of France"

("Les écrivains modernes de la France")- in French

Publ.- 1884, Paris. Rare, Antique Book. Worldwide Shipping

About Book

Title: "Modern Writers of France"- Biography of major French writers from the first empire to present days, with an analysis, assessment and quotations of their masterpieces...

"Les écrivains modernes de la France"- ou biographie des principaux écrivains français, depuis le premier empire jusqu'à nos jours avec une analyse, une appréciation et des citations de leurs chefs-d'œuvre; Ouvrage destiné à faire suite aux Ecrivains Célèbres; à L'usage des établissements d'instruction publique

Author: Daniel Bonnefon

Language: French (Français)

Publisher: "Fischbacher"

Place of Publication: Paris, France

Year of Publication: 1884- 3rd Edition

Pages: 556

Size: 12.5 x 18.3 cm (5 x 7.25 inches)

Condition: Used (Good antique condition): Cover is worn & has minor tears on corners & edges. Light foxing through the pages. A few minor stains/spots & a few minor tears & minor marks on pages. By our best observation no pages are missing, no major tears, no major stains & no major marks. Overall pages are well preserved and they are in good antique conditions.

We are selling this used (old, Antique) book as we found it: in as-is condition. To help you to get better idea about book's condition, we listed many photos. For more information on book's condition please check provided photos or ask us.

Description

This is a rare, antique French book on French Literature & Writers of France. The book was published in 1884, in Paris. It is divided into 4 sections:

  1. First Period: The French Literature Under the First Empire from 1799 to 1815 (Première Période: La Littérature Française Sous Le Premier Empire de 1799 a 1815)
  2. Second Period: The French Literature Under the Restoration- from 1815 to 1830 (Deuxième Période: La Littérature Française Sous Le Restauration de 1815 a 1830)
  3. Third Period: The French Literature Under The Government Of Juillet (July)- from 1830 to 1848 (Troisième Période: La Littérature Française Sous Le Gouvernement De Juillet de 1830 a 1848)
  4. Fourth Period: Contemporary French Literature Since the Revolution of 1848 till today (Quatrième Période: La Littérature Française Contemporaine- Depuis la Révolution de 1848 à nos jours)

ADDITIONAL INFO

French Literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

French literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the French language, particularly by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak traditional languages of France other than French. Literature written by citizens of other nations such as Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, Senegal, Algeria, Morocco, etc. is referred to as Francophone literature. As of 2006, French writers have been awarded more Nobel Prizes in Literature than novelists, poets and essayists of any other country. France itself ranks first in the list of Nobel Prizes in literature by country.

French literature
The French language is a romance dialect derived from Vulgar Latin(non-standard latin) and heavily influenced principally by Celtic and Frankish. Beginning in the 11th century, literature written in medieval French was one of the oldest vernacular (non-Latin) literatures in western Europe and it became a key source of literary themes in the Middle Ages across the continent.

Although the European prominence of French literature was eclipsed in part by vernacular literature in Italy in the 14th century, literature in France in the 16th century underwent a major creative evolution, and through the political and artistic programs of the Ancien Régime, French literature came to dominate European letters in the 17th century.

In the 18th century, French became the literary lingua franca and diplomatic language of western Europe (and, to a certain degree, in America), and French letters have had a profound impact on all European and American literary traditions while at the same time being heavily influenced by these other national traditions (for example: British and German Romanticism in the nineteenth century). French literary developments of the 19th and 20th centuries have had a particularly strong effect on modern world literature, including: symbolism, naturalism, the "roman-fleuves" of Balzac, Zola and Proust, surrealism, existentialism, and the "Theatre of the Absurd".

French imperialism and colonialism in the Americas, Africa, and the far East have brought the French language to non-European cultures that are transforming and adding to the French literary experience today.

Under the aristocratic ideals of the ancien régime (the "honnête homme"), the nationalist spirit of post-revolutionary France, and the mass educational ideals of the Third Republic and modern France, the French have come to have a profound cultural attachment to their literary heritage. Today, French schools emphasize the study of novels, theater and poetry (often learnt by heart). The literary arts are heavily sponsored by the state and literary prizes are major news. The Académie française and the Institut de France are important linguistic and artistic institutions in France, and French television features shows on writers and poets (the most watched show in French history was Apostrophes, a weekly talk show on literature and the arts). Literature matters deeply to the people of France and plays an important role in their sense of identity.

As of 2006, French literary people have been awarded more Nobel Prizes in Literature than novelists, poets and essayists of any other country except writers in English, who have won twice as many Nobels as the French....

French Nobel Prize in Literature winners- The following French or French language authors have won a Nobel Prize in Literature:

1901 - Sully Prudhomme (The first Nobel Prize in literature)
1904 - Frédéric Mistral (wrote in Occitan)
1911 - Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgian)
1915 - Romain Rolland
1921 - Anatole France
1927 - Henri Bergson
1937 - Roger Martin du Gard
1947 - André Gide
1952 - François Mauriac
1957 - Albert Camus
1960 - Saint-John Perse
1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre (declined the prize)
1969 - Samuel Beckett (Irish, wrote in English and French)
1985 - Claude Simon
2000 - Gao Xingjian (writes in Chinese)
2008 - J.M.G. Le Clézio

French literary awards
Grand Prix de Littérature Policière - created in 1948, for crime and detective fiction.
Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française - created 1918.
Prix Décembre - created in 1989.
Prix Femina - created 1904, decided each year by an exclusively female jury, although the authors of the winning works do not have to be women.
Prix Goncourt - created 1903, given to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".
Prix Goncourt des Lycéens - created in 1987.
Prix Littéraire Valery Larbaud - created in 1957.
Prix Médicis - created 1958, awarded to an author whose "fame does not yet match their talent."
Prix Renaudot - created in 1926.
Prix Tour-Apollo Award - 1972-1990, given to the best science fiction novel published in French during the preceding year.
Prix des Deux Magots - created in 1933.

Fiction
Middle Ages
anonymous - La Chanson de Roland (The Song of Roland)
Chrétien de Troyes - Yvain ou le Chevalier au Lion (Yvain, the Knight of the Lion), Lancelot, ou le Chevalier à la charrette (Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart)
various - Tristan et Iseult (Tristan and Iseult)
anonymous - Lancelot-Graal (Lancelot-Grail), also known as the prose Lancelot or the Vulgate Cycle
Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meung - Roman de la Rose ("Romance of the Rose")
16th century
François Rabelais - Gargantua, Pantagruel ("Gargantua and Pantagruel")
Michel de Montaigne - Les Essais
17th century
Madame de Lafayette - La Princesse de Clèves
18th century
Abbé Prévost - Manon Lescaut
Voltaire - Candide
Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse
Denis Diderot - Jacques le fataliste (Jacques the Fatalist)
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos - Les Liaisons dangereuses
19th century
François-René de Chateaubriand - Atala, René
Benjamin Constant - Adolphe
Stendhal - Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black), La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma)
Honoré de Balzac - La Comédie humaine ("The Human Comedy", a novel cycle which includes Père Goriot, Lost Illusions, and Eugénie Grandet)
Alexandre Dumas - The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers
Victor Hugo - Notre Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame), Les Misérables
Théophile Gautier - Mademoiselle de Maupin
Gustave Flaubert - Madame Bovary, Salammbô, L'Éducation sentimentale (Sentimental Education)
Edmond and Jules de Goncourt - Germinie Lacerteux
Guy de Maupassant - Bel Ami, La Parure (The Necklace), other short stories
Émile Zola - Thérèse Raquin, Les Rougon-Macquart (a novel cycle which includes L'Assommoir, Nana and Germinal)
20th century
André Gide - Les Faux-monnayeurs (The Counterfeiters), The Immoralist
Marcel Proust - À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time)
André Breton - Nadja
Louis-Ferdinand Céline - Voyage au bout de la nuit (Journey to the End of the Night)
Colette - Gigi
Jean Genet - Notre-Dame-des-Fleurs
Albert Camus - L'Étranger (The Stranger)
Michel Butor - La Modification
Marguerite Yourcenar - Mémoires d'Hadrien
Alain Robbe-Grillet - Dans le labyrinthe
Georges Perec - La vie mode d'emploi
Robert Pinget - Passacaille
Jean-Paul Sartre - L´Âge de Raison (The Age of Reason)
Françoise Sagan - "Bonjour Tristesse", (Hello Sadness) 1954 awarded Prix de Critiques

Poetry
François Villon - Les Testaments
Pierre de Ronsard, Joachim du Bellay and other poets of "La Pléiade" - poems
La Fontaine - The Fables
Victor Hugo - Les Contemplations
Alphonse de Lamartine - Méditations poétiques
Charles Baudelaire - Les Fleurs du mal
Paul Verlaine - Romances sans paroles
Arthur Rimbaud - Une Saison en Enfer
Stéphane Mallarmé - Un coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard ("A Throw of the Dice Will Never Abolish Chance")
Guillaume Apollinaire - Alcools
Francis Ponge
Raymond Queneau

Theatre
Pierre Corneille (1606–84)- Le Cid (1636), Horace
Molière - Tartuffe, Le Misanthrope, Dom Juan, L'Avare (The Miser), Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, L'Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives)
Jean Racine - Phèdre, Andromaque
Marivaux - Jeu de l'amour et du hasard
Beaumarchais - Le Barbier de Séville (The Barber of Seville), La Folle journée, ou Le Mariage de Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro)
Edmond Rostand - Cyrano de Bergerac
Jean Giraudoux - The Trojan War Will Not Take Place
Jean Anouilh - Becket, Antigone
Jean-Paul Sartre - No Exit
Eugène Ionesco - The Bald Soprano, Rhinoceros
Jean Genet - The Maids, The Blacks

Nonfiction
Michel de Montaigne - The Essays
Blaise Pascal - Les Pensées
François de La Rochefoucauld - The Maxims
Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Discourse on the Arts and Sciences, The Social Contract, Les Confessions
François-René de Chateaubriand - Genius of Christianity, Memoirs from Beyond Grave
Alexis de Tocqueville - Democracy in America
Jules Michelet - Histoire de France, La Sorcière
Albert Camus - The Myth of Sisyphus
Jean-Paul Sartre - Existentialism is a Humanism, Being and Nothingness

Literary criticism
Nicolas Boileau
Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve
Hippolyte Taine
Jacques Lacan
Paul Bénichou
Roland Barthes
Jean-François Lyotard
Jacques Derrida
Julia Kristeva

Poetry
Parnassian
Romanticism
Symbolism (arts)
Surrealism

----------------------------------

Littérature Française
La littérature française comprend l'ensemble des œuvres écrites par des auteurs de nationalité française ou de langue française. Son histoire commence en ancien français au Moyen Âge et se perpétue aujourd'hui.

La Littérature française du XVIIIe siècle
Le XVIIIe siècle est appelé siècle des Lumières. Par cette métaphore le siècle cherche à consacrer, à travers l'esprit de la Renaissance et le cartésianisme du siècle précédent, le triomphe de la Raison sur les Ténèbres (l'obscurantisme et les préjugés). Les Lumières sont un phénomène européen, mais les philosophes français cristallisent le mieux les idées du siècle et donnent du relief à des nouvelles valeurs qui, au-delà de la Révolution française, marqueront durablement l'Europe et le monde. Les principaux philosophes des Lumières sont Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Denis Diderot et Montesquieu.

La Littérature française du XIXe siècle
Si le XIXe siècle est important par le nombre de chefs-d’œuvre que la littérature française a engendrés, cette période littéraire, proche de nous, reste encore difficile à appréhender. Pour de nombreux historiens de la littérature, le XIXe siècle littéraire français demeure celui du romantisme, d'abord avec Chateaubriand, puis avec Victor Hugo, du réalisme avec Stendhal, Honoré de Balzac, Gustave Flaubert et du naturalisme avec Émile Zola.

Le romantisme et son foisonnement peuvent trouver partiellement leur cause dans certains points de vue[réf. nécessaire]. Certains mettent l’accent sur l’élan de liberté qu’a suscité la Révolution française, élan de liberté suivi d’un désordre, d’une confusion entraînée par l’instabilité, l’incertitude politique qui émane de la première moitié du siècle. Dans cette optique, on voit l’écrivain avec ses idéaux, manifestant son opposition à l’ordre politique et social. Pour d’autres, la place de la Révolution française et des troubles politiques qui s’ensuivront n’explique pas ou pas entièrement l’efflorescence du romantisme français, prenant pour preuve la naissance antérieure des romantismes anglais et allemand dans des pays qui ne furent pas secoués par la moindre révolution. Ils insistent plutôt sur l’influence qu’ont exercé l’étude et la lecture des littératures anglaise et allemande par les hommes de lettre français.

Le réalisme est une étiquette plus vague, accolée postérieurement aux écrivains à partir des définitions de Champfleury, Stendhal et Balzac se situant entre le romantisme et le réalisme. Gustave Lanson dont l'Histoire de la littérature française (1894) a longtemps fait autorité, a consacré de très importantes pages à Balzac où il définit la part de réalisme de son œuvre et la part de romantisme « Ainsi, par ses impuissances et par sa puissance, Balzac opérait dans le roman la séparation du romantisme et du réalisme. Il reste cependant dans son œuvre quelque chose d'énorme, une surabondance et une outrance qui en trahissent l'origine romantique. »

Le naturalisme, en revanche, procède d'une véritable démarche qu'Émile Zola a longuement explicitée

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