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Epoxy Resin LOW COST Slow Set All Purpose 96 oz.kit

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Item specifics

Condition: New  

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MAX GPE A/B

General Purpose Epoxy

MEDIUM SETTING

1/2 Gallon of Resin

1 Quart of Curing Agent

96  Fl.Oz. Combined Volume


 

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Construction Adhesive

Protective Coating

Laminating Resin

Impregnating Resin

Casting Resin

Potting Compound

 

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET is a two-component epoxy based resin system designed to provide a broad range of mechanical and physical properties that is suitable for almost all types of epoxy resin applications. It can be utilized as a structural adhesive demonstrating excellent adhesion to wide selection of substrates, chemical resistant or protective coating, impregnating and laminating for composite applications, potting applications for electronics and as a casting resin for large and small applications.

 

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET is mixed two parts Resin to one part Curing Agent by weight or by volume (2:1). The mixed consistency is very low in viscosity, clear and easily poured or applied in to place resulting in bubble free castings. MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET has a 60 minutes gel time that allows adequate working time for casting, coating, bonding and potting or encapsulating applications. 

 

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET performs well as an adhesive for metals, alloys, plastic, wood, stones products, fiberglass, carbon fiber composites and concrete and other substrates that require high tensile shear strength properties. Higher adhesion performance can be achieved after a post cure cycle of 1 hour at 120oC.

 

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET coating properties exhibits very high gloss, good color stability, high surface and excellent chemical resistance. Optimized amounts UV inhibitors, anti-oxidants and stabilizers are incorporated with the MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET to provide added outdoor durability. An aliphatic polyurethane coating should be applied to further improved resistance to UV degradation.

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET can be used as a protective or decorative coating for metals, alloys, plastic, wood, stones products, fiberglass, carbon fiber composites and concrete and other substrates Higher coating performance can be achieved after a post cure cycle of 1 hour at 120oC.

 

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET is an excellent choice for composite fabrication using fiberglass, carbon fiber, Aramid, and other hybrid fabrics. Its low viscosity allows fast fabric wet-out resulting in minimal void and laminant porosity. Cured composites fabricated with

MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET exhibits exceptional mechanical properties such as impact resistance, compressive and tensile strength. Higher mechanical performance can be achieved after a post cure cycle of 1 hour at 120oC.

 

As a casting resin and potting compound, MAX GPE A/B MEDIUM SET demonstrates good dimensional stability excellent electrical insulative performance and low coefficient of expansion and contraction. General mechanical properties are enhanced after a post cure cycle of 1 hour at 120oC.

 

Pre-Mix And Mixing Notes

Prepare all needed tooling and materials before mixing the resin and curing agent together. Pour the desired amount of resin then the curing agent in a clean container and gently mix with a spatula or mixing blade until uniform blend is achieved. Scrape the sides and bottom of the container to insure a thorough mix. Pour or apply the resin directly unto the prepare surface and allow to cure for at least 24 to 36 hours. The mixed resin will set-up in less than 2 hours and can be handled in 3 hours.

Physical Properties 

Viscosity

900 cPs Mixed

Mix Ratio

100 parts A to 50 parts B by weight or volume

Working Time

45-65 Minutes at 200 Gram Mass

Peak Exotherm

160oC

Time To Reach Peak

80 Minutes

Density

1.10 g/cc Cured

Cure Time

1 to 3 days at 25oC

Heat Cure

2 Hours @ 25oC Plus 1 Hour @ 120oC

Set-To-Dry @ 10 Mil Film

6 Hours

Surface Dry

9 Hours

Handling Time

8 Hours

 Mechanical Properties (1)

Test Criteria

Room Temp Cure

Room Temp + Heat Cure

Hardness

78 D

81 D

Izod Impact ft-lb/in

.13

.19

Tensile Shear Strength psi

3,100

3,765

Tensile Strength psi

9,600

12,300

Tensile Modulus psi

460,000

489,120

Ultimate Elongation %

3.8

2.3

Heat Distortion Temperature

84oC

110oC

Compressive Strength

12,300

13,000

24 Hours Water Boil

% Weight Gain

2.2

1.8

 

ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES

 

@ 23oC

 @ 40oC

@ 60oC

@ 100oC

Dielectric Constant 100 Hz

ASTM D-150

 

4.7

 

4.7

 

4.7

 

5.4

Dissipation Factor 100Hz

3.4 x 10-3

3.1 x 10-3

3.5 x 10-3

6.9 x 10-3

Volume Resistivity

Ohm-cm

 

5.0 x 1015

 

3.4 x 1015

 

2.6 x 1014

 

2.4 x 1014

Dielectric Strength V/mil

1/8 Inch Thick

558

 

 

 

(1) Cured 2 hours at 80oC plus 3 hours 125oC

 

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Please visit our YouTube Channel to view our video demonstrations

PolymerProductsPCI on YouTube


COLD TEMPERATURE NOTICE

DURING THE COLDER SEASONS THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT SHOULD BE WARMED TO AT LEAST 75°F to 80°F (21°C to 27°C) PRIOR TO USE TO REDUCE ITS VISCOSITY, REDUCE AIR BUBBLE ENTRAPMENT, MAINTAIN ITS WORKING TIME AND INSURE PROPER CURE. IN SOME CASES THE RESIN OR PART A MAY APPEAR TO BE CLOUDY OR SOLIDIFIED, WHICH IS AN INDICATION OF RESIN CRYSTALLIZATION.

HEAT PROCESSED

PARTIALLY CRYSTALIZED

CRYSTALLIZED SOLID

USE BELOW 80°F

DO NOT USE UNLES PROCESSED

DO NOT USE UNLES PROCESSED


THE COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE CAN OCCUR DURING TRANSPORT OR DELIVERY OF THE KIT WHERE THE PACKAGE CAN BE EXPOSED TO TEMPERATURES BELOW 50°F AND INITIATE THE RESIN TO CRYSTALIZE OR DEVELOP SEED CRYSTALS. ONCE  A SEED CRYSTAL DEVELOPS, CRYSTALLIZATION WILL OCCUR EVEN IF STORED AT THE PROPER STORAGE TEMPERATURE.


DO NOT THROW AWAY OR USE THE RESIN UNTIL IT HAS BEEN MELTED BACK TO A FREE-FLOWING LIQUID PHASE BY
GENTLE HEATING 120°F TO 150°F.

THE HIGH PURITY EPOXY COMPONENT AND THE ABSENCE OF ANY ACCELERATORS AND OTHER NON-REACTIVE IMPURITIES IN ITS FORMULATION ARE SOME OF THE MANY KEY FACTORS THAT CONTROLS ITS HIGH PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES. 

THE COLD TEMPERATURE WILL ALSO MAKE THE RESIN MUCH THICKER THAN THE STATED VISCOSITY AND WORKING TIME VALUES AS STATED ON THE PHYSICAL TABLES CHART. THIS WILL REDUCE THE POLYMER'S REACTION RATE AND EXTEND ITS CURE TIME. THIS CAN RECTIFIED BY PRE-WARMING BOTH COMPONENT AND USING THE MIXED RESIN IN A CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENT NO COOLER THAN 70°F.


COMMON EFFECTS OF COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE

HIGHER OR THICKER VISCOSITY

LESS ACCURACY IN VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENT DUE TO ITS THICKER CONSISTENCY

CRYSTALLIZED OR SOLIDIFIED RESIN COMPONENT THAT WILL APPEAR AS A WHITE WAX-LIKE CONSISTENCY

MORE BUBBLE ENTRAPMENT DURING MIXING

SLOWER REACTIVITY

LONGER CURE TIMES

LOWER CURED PERFORMANCE DUE TO NONE FULL CURE POLYMERIZATION

PROCESSING EPOXY RESINS 

TO COUNTER ACT THE AFFECTS OF THE COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE, WARM THE RESIN GENTLY BY PLACING IT IN A PLASTIC BAG AND IMMERSE IT IN HOT WATER OR A WARM ROOM AND ALLOW IT TO ACCLIMATE UNTIL IT IS A VERY CLEAR AND LIQUID IN CONSISTENCY. ALLOW THE RESIN TO COOL 75°F TO 80°F MAXIMUM BEFORE ADDING THE CURING AGENT.

PLACE CURSOR OVER THE SLIDESHOW TO PAUSE OR PLAY

TO MELT THE CRYSTALLIZED RESIN FASTER, HIGHER PROCESSING TEMPERATURE CAN BE UTILIZED BY PLACING IT IN A PLASTIC BAG OR MAKE SURE THAT THE LID IS SECURE TO PREVENT WATER FROM ENTERING THE CONTAINER AND IMMERSE IT IN HOT WATER, 140°F TO 180°F UNTIL ALL TRACES OF THE CRYSTALLIZED RESIN IS ONCE AGAIN A CLEAR LIQUID. THE CONTAINER CAN WITHSTAND 212°F(BOILING POINT OF WATER); THE RESIN WILL REVERT BACK INTO A LIQUID IN LESS THAN 20 MINUTES. ALLOW THE RESIN TO COOL BELOW 80°F BEFORE ADDING THE CURING AGENT.

A POLYMER RESIN'S PHYSICAL PROPERTY SUCH AS ITS VISCOSITY AND CURE RATE ARE HIGHLY AFFECTED BY THE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND THE TEMPERATURE OF THE COMPONENTS.

HEAT POST CURING TECHNIQUE FOR FASTER AND THOROUGH CURE

USE AN INFRARED HEAT LAMP FOR LARGER PARTS.

 

 

USE THESE THEORETICAL FACTORS THAT RELATES TO ANY UNDILUTED EPOXY RESIN AS A GUIDE:

 

1 GALLON = 231 CUBIC INCHES

1 GALLON OF RESIN CAN COVERS 1608 SQUARE FEET

1 MIL OR 0.001 INCH CURED COATING THICKNESS

1 GALLON OF RESIN IS 128 OUNCES

1 GALLON OF MIXED EPOXY RESIN IS 9.23 POUNDS

1 GALLON OF RESIN IS 3.7854 LITERS


CAUTION

ALTHOUGH THE POLYMERZATION HAS SLOWED DUE TO THE COLDER AMBIENT CONDITIONS MIXING THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT ABOVE 80°F AS IT WILL CAUSE RAPID POLYMERIZATION AND HIGH EXOTHERMIC HEAT BUILD-UP THAT CAN EXCEED 300°F EXOTHERMIC HEAT WHEN KEPT IN MASS.

DO NOT HEAT AND MIX THE RESIN OR CURING AGENT BEYOND 90°F AS IT MAY CAUSE RAPID AND UNCONTROLLABLE REACTION. THE BEST WORKING CONDITION IS TO PREWARM THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT TO 70°F TO 75°F PRIOR TO MIXING AND ALLOW IT TO CURE AT AN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE NO LOWER THAN 65°F FOR AT LEAST 24 HOURS.

 
PLEASE VIEW THE FOLLOWING VIDEO FOR THE PROPER MIXING OF EPOXY RESINS.  IT DEMONSTRATES THE PROPER
TECHNIQUE OF MIXING ANY TYPE OF EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM.
 
THE PROPER CURE AND FINAL PERFORMANCE OF ANY EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM IS HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON THE QUALITY AND THOROUGHNESS OF THE MIX.
THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT MUST BE MIXED TO HOMOGENOUS CONSISTENCY.
 
TO PAUSE OR PLAY THE FOLLOWING SLIDE SHOWS,

PLACE THE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO ACTIVATE VIEWING CONTROLS

ADOBE FLASH PLAYER MUST BE INSTALLED

THE PROPER CURE AND FINAL PERFORMANCE OF ANY EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM IS HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON THE QUALITY AND THOROUGHNESS OF THE MIXING QUALITY.

THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT MUST BE MIXED TO HOMOGENOUS CONSISTENCY TO ACHIEVE PROPER CURE AND TACK FREE RESULTS.

OUR COMPUTER TO VIEW THE FOLLOWING SLIDE SHOWS AND VIDEOS.

Get Adobe Flash Player


BATCH SIZE MIXING AND WORKING TIME CORRELATION 
PLEASE VIEW THE FOLLOWING VIDEO DEMONSTRATION REGARDING BATCH SIZE MIXING AND WORKING TIME.
THE RESIN USED WAS A BASE LINE LABORATORY FORMULATION WHICH WAS SPECIFICALLY COMPOUNDED
FOR THIS DEMONSTRATION REACTION.
 WHEN MIXED IN LARGE MASS AND ALLOWED TO REACT IN A CONFINED MASS MOST CHEMICAL REACTION
THAT PRODUCES EXOTHERMIC HEAT ENERGY THAT CAN CAUSE SIMILAR RESULTS.
 
THIS VIDEO DEMONSTRATES THE IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF SAFETY FACTORS THAT MUST BE CONSIDERED
BEFORE USING ANY REACTIVE CHEMICALS.
 
   
 

Composite Fabricating Basics

By resolute definition, a fabricated COMPOSITE material is a manufactured collection of two or more ingredients or products intentionally combined to form a new homogeneous material that is defined by its performance that should uniquely greater than the sum of its individual parts. This method is also defined as SYNERGISTIC COMPOSITION.

 

COMPOSITE MATERIAL COMPOSITION

REINFORCING FABRIC       &     IMPREGNATING RESIN

 PLUS EPOXY RESIN BOAT BUILDING MARINE GRADE 1 GALLON KIT 

 

ENGINEERED PROCESS


EQUALS

 

STRUCTURAL STRENGTH COMPOSITE LAMINATE

 

With respect to the raw materials selection (fabric and resin), the fabricating process and the intended composite properties,  these 3 aspects must be carefully considered and in the engineering phase of the composite.

 

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Please visit our YouTube Channel to view our video demonstrations

PolymerProductsPCI on YouTube


Step One: Fabric Selection

TYPES OF FABRIC WEAVE STYLE AND SURFACE FINISHING
FOR RESIN TYPE COMPATIBILITY
 
Fabrics are generally considered ”balanced” if the breaking strength is within 15% warp to fill and are best in bias applications on lightweight structures. “Unbalanced” fabrics are excellent when a greater load is required one direction and a lesser load in the perpendicular direction.
 
  • Tow: The bundle of individual carbon filaments used to weave carbon fabric. 50k tow means there are 48-50,000 carbon filaments in the tow. Smaller tow i.e. 12k, 6k, 3k and 1k are obtained by dividing the 50k tow into smaller bundles.
  • Thread Count: The number of threads (tow in carbon and yarn in Aramid) per inch. The first number will be the warp count and the second will be the fill count. Fill: The threads that run the width of the roll or bolt and perpendicular to the warp threads. 
  • Warp: The threads that run the length of the roll or bolt and perpendicular to the fill threads. 
  • Finish: The chemical treatment to fiberglass making it compatible with resin systems, therefore improving the bond between the fiber and the resin. Finishing fiberglass typically decreases the fiber strength by as much as 50%. Both Silane and Volan finishes are epoxy compatible. Historically, Volan has been considered a softer finish for a more pliable fabric, but recent advances have yielded some excellent soft Silane finishes.
  • Thickness: Measured in fractions of an inch. The thicker the fabric the more resin required to fill the weave to obtain a smooth finished part.

  • Plain weave means the warp and fill threads cross alternately. This is the most common weave.
  • 4 Harness (4 HS Satin or crowfoot) weave means the fill thread floats over three warp threads, then under one warp thread. This weave is more pliable than the plain weave, therefore conforms to complex curves more easily.
  • 8 Harness (8 HS Satin) weave means the fill thread floats over seven warp threads, then under one warp thread. This weave is the most pliable of the standard fiberglass weaves.
  • 2 x 2 Twill weave means the fill thread floats over two warp threads, then fewer than two warp threads. This weave is found most commonly in carbon fabrics and is more pliable than plain weave.

Most fabrics are stronger in the warp than the fill because higher tension is placed on the warp fiber keeping it straighter during the weaving process. Rare exceptions occur when a larger, therefore stronger thread is used in the fill direction than the warp direction.

 

 

PLAIN WEAVE

Is a very simple weave pattern and the most common style. The warp and fill yarns are interlaced over and under each other in alternating fashion. Plain weave provides good stability, porosity and the least yarn slippage for a given yarn count.

 

8 HARNESS SATIN WEAVE

The eight-harness satin is similar to the four-harness satin except that one filling yarn floats over seven warp yarns and under one.

This is a very pliable weave and is used for forming over curved surfaces.

 

4 HARNESS SATIN WEAVE

The four-harness satin weave is more pliable than the plain weave and is easier to conform to curved surfaces typical in reinforced plastics. In this weave pattern there is a three by one interfacing where a filling yarn floats over three warp yarns and under one.

 

2x2 TWILL WEAVE

Twill weave is more pliable than the plain weave and has better drivability while maintaining more fabric stability than a four or eight harness satin weave. The weave pattern is characterized by a diagonal rib created by one warp yarn floating over at least two filling yarns.

               
COMMERCIAL FIBERGLASS-FABRIC WEAVER
Finishing Cross Reference
And
Resin Type Compatibility
 

RESIN COMPATIBILITY

Burlington Industries

Clark Schwebel

J.P Stevens

Uniglass Industries

Epoxy, Polyester

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

Epoxy, Polyester

I-550

CS-550

S-550

UM-550

Phenolic, Melamine

I-588

A1100

A1100

A1100

Epoxy, Polyimide

I-589

Z6040

S-920

UM-675

Epoxy

I-399

CS-272A

S-935

UM-702

Epoxy

 

CS-307

 

UM-718

Epoxy

 

CS-344

 

UM-724

Silicone

112

112

 

n-pH (neutral pH)

Weaves:

 

Satin Weave Style For Contoured Parts Fabricating
These styles of fabrics are one of the easiest fabrics to use and it is ideal for laying up cowls, fuselages, ducts and other contoured surfaces with minimal distortions.

The fabric is more pliable and can comply with complex contours and spherical shapes. Because of its tight weave style,

satin weaves are typically used as the surface ply for heavier and courser weaves.

This technique helps reduce fabric print through and requires less gel coat to create a smoother surface.

 
SATIN WEAVE TYPE CONFORMITY UNTO CURVED SHAPES

PLACE CURSOR OVER THE SLIDESHOW TO ACTIVATE PAUSE AND PLAY CONTROLS

 

Plain Weaves, Bi-axial, Unidirectional Styles For Directional High Strength Parts 
Use this weave style cloth when high strength parts are desired.
It is ideal for reinforcement, mold making, aircraft and auto parts tooling, marine and other composite lightweight applications.
 
PLAIN WEAVE STYLE FOR HIGH STRENGTH 

 

PLACE CURSOR OVER THE SLIDESHOW TO ACTIVATE PAUSE AND PLAY CONTROLS

 

 

Please visit our eBay store for all available composite fabric suitable for your needs.


Choose the best epoxy resin system
 
Step Two: 

FRP- FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC.
The epoxy resin used in fabricating a laminate will dictate how the FRP will perform when load or pressure is implied on the part.
To choose the proper resin system consider the following factors that is crucial to a laminate's performance.
SIZE AND CONFIGURATION OF THE PART
(NUMBER OF PLIES  AND CONTOURED, FLAT OR PROFILED)
CONSOLIDATING FORCE
(FREE STANDING DRY OR HAND LAY-UP, VACUUM BAG OR PLATEN PRESS CURING)
CURING CAPABILITIES
(HEAT CURED OR ROOM TEMPERATURE CURED)
LOAD PARAMETERS
(SHEARING FORCE, TORSIONAL AND DIRECTIONAL LOAD, BEAM STRENGTH)
ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE
The principal role of the resin is to bind the fabric into a homogeneous rigid substrate
(OPERATING TEMPERATURE, AMBIENT CONDITIONS, HUMIDITY, CHEMICAL EXPOSURE, CYCLIC FORCE LOADING)
MATERIAL AND PRODUCTION COST
(BUYING IN BULK WILL ALWAYS PROVIDE THE BEST OVERALL COSTS AS WELL AS DOING IT RIGHT THE FIRST TIME)
These factors will dictate the design and the composition of the part and must be carefully considered during the design and engineering phase of the fabrication.
 
OUR GENERAL EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM SELECTION FORMULATED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS
  

MAX BOND THIXOTROPIC A/B MARINE GRADE HIGH STRENGTH ADHESIVE

MAX BOND THIXOTROPIC 64-OUNCE KIT

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY A/B MARINE GRADE STRUCTURAL EPOXY RESIN

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY MARINE GRADE 1-GALLON KIT

MAX HTE A/B HIGH TEMPERATURE EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM

MAX HTE 80 OUNCE KIT

MAX PCR A/B WOOD ROT REPAIR & PROTECTIVE COATING RESIN

MAX PCR 1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX GRE A/B GASOLINE RESISTANT EPOXY RESIN

MAX GRE 48 OUNCE KIT

  MAX GPE COLORED EPOXY RESIN 
LOW VISCOSITY VERSION EXTENDED POT LIFE AND IMPROVED FLEXIBILITY

MAX CLR LOW VISCOSITY 24 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR LOW VISCOSITY 96 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR LOW VISCOSITY 1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX CLR LOW VISCOSITY 7.5 GALLON KIT

  MAX CLR FAST 30% FASTER SETTING VERSION

MAX CLR FAST 24 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR FAST 1.5 GALLON KIT

   MAX CLR-HP 
HIGH PERFORMANCE VERSION WITH HIGHER HEAT RESISTANCE,TOUGHNESS AND SURFACE HARDNESS

MAX CLR HP 24 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR HP 96 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR HP 1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX CLR HP 7.5 GALLON KIT

  MAX CLR TC
 IMPROVED DEGASSING AND SURFACE QUALITY   
MAX CLR TC FOR TOP COAT USE ONLY

MAX CLR TC 96 OUNCE KIT

MAX SEAL
NON-YELLOWING ALIPHATIC POLYURETHANE TOP COAT
** AN ALIPHATIC BASED TOP COAT REQUIRED FOR OUTDOOR AND DIRECT SUNLIGHT APPLICATION


MAX GPE FOR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION LOW COST APPLICATIONS

SAFE TO USE ON POLYSTYRENE FOAM


PLACE CURSOR OVER THE SLIDESHOW TO ACTIVATE PAUSE AND PLAY CONTROLS

 

 

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting 

 

MAX CLR HP CRYSTAL CLEAR HIGH PERFORMANCE APPLICATION

PLACE CURSOR OVER THE SLIDESHOW TO ACTIVATE PAUSE AND PLAY CONTROLS

 

NOTE HOW THE WATER BEADS WHEN THE WATER IS APPLIED OVER THE COATED AREA


MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY FOR MARINE APPLICATIONS

 

MAX GPE FOR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION 

LOW COST APPLICATIONS

SAFE TO USE ON POLYSTYRENE FOAM

MAX CLR HP CRYSTAL CLEAR HIGH PERFORMANCE APPLICATION

MAX HTE FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE RESISTANCE APPLICATIONS

Specimens were cured 3 Hours at 25˚C plus 2 Hours At 155˚C

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY

Step Three:

Proper Lay-Up Technique

Pre-Lay-Up notes

Lay out the fabric and precut to size and set aside

  • Avoid distorting the weave pattern as much as possible

  • For fiberglass molding, insure the mold is clean and adequate mold release is used

  • View our video presentation "MAX EPOXY RESIN MIXING TECHNIQUE"

  • Mix the resin only when all needed materials and implements needed are ready and within reach

Mix the proper amount of resin needed and be accurate proportioning the resin and curing agent. Adding more curing agent than the recommended mix ratio will not promote a faster cure. Over saturation or starving the fiberglass or any composite fabric will yield poor mechanical performance. When mechanical load or pressure is applied on the composite laminate, the physical strength of the fabric should bear the stress and not the resin. If the laminate is over saturated with the resin it will most likely to fracture or shatter instead of rebounding and resist damage.

   

Don’t how much resin to use to go with the fiberglass?

A good rule of thumb is to maintain a minimum of 30 to 35% resin content by weight, this is the optimum ratio used in high performance prepreg (or pre-impregnated fabrics) typically used in aerospace and high performance structural application.For general hand lay-ups, calculate using 60% fabric weight to 40% resin weight as a safe factor. This will insure that the fabricated laminate will be below 40% resin content depending on the waste factor accrued during fabrication.

Place the entire precut fiberglass to be used on a digital scale to determine the fabric to resin weight ratio. Measuring by weight will insure accurate composite fabrication and repeatability, rather than using OSY data.

Typical fabric weights regardless of weave pattern

1 yard of 8 OSY fabric at 38 inches wide weighs 224 grams

1 yard of 10 OSY fabric at 38 inches wide weighs 280 grams

Ounces per square yard or OSY is also know as aerial weight which is the most common unit of measurement for composite fabrics.

To determine how much resin is needed to adequately impregnate the fiberglass, use the following equation:

(Total Weight of Fabric divided by 60%)X( 40%)= weight of mixed resin needed

OR

fw= fabric weight

rc= target resin content

rn=resin needed

MASTER EQUATION

(fw/60%)x(40%)=rn

FOR EXAMPLE

1 SQUARE YARD OF 8-OSY FIBERGLASS FABRIC WEIGHS 224 GRAMS

(224 grams of dry fiberglass / 60%) X 40% = 149.33 grams of resin needed

So for every square yard of 8-ounce fabric,

It will need 149.33 grams of mixed resin.

Computing for resin and curing agent requirements based on

149.33 grams of resin needed

MIX RATIO OF RESIN SYSTEM IS 2:1 OR

50 PHR (per hundred resin)

2 = 66.67% (2/3)

+

1 = 33.33%(1/3)

=

(2+1)=3 or (66.67%+33.33%)=100% or (2/3+1/3)= 3/3

149.33x 66.67%= 99.56 grams of Part A RESIN

149.33x 33.33%= 49.77 grams of Part B Curing Agent

      99.56+ 49.77 = 149.33 A/B MIXTURE

      GENERAL FIBERGLASSING AND FRP FABRICATION
 A 4 X 8 FEET 3/8 INCH THICK FIBERGLASS PANEL WAS FABRICATED WITH 18 PLIES OF 24 OUNCE FIBERGLASS ROVING IMPREGNATED WITH 
MAX GPE RESIN SYSTEM. 
THE PANEL WAS VACUUM CURED FOR 24 HOURS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE AND THEN POST CURED FOR 2 HOURS AT 200°
AND THEN TESTED USING ASTM D695 TEST PROCEDURE.
 
  
 
32 PERCENT AVERAGE RESIN CONTENT
    
 
 


DETERMINATION OF FIBER TO RESIN RATIO

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

 
NOTE THE MODE OF FAILURE OF THE COMPRESSION SPECIMENS ILLUSTRATING A CROSS AXIS FROM THE TOP AND BOTTOM PF THE SPECIMEN.
UNDER MAGNIFIED EXAMINATION, EVIDENCE OF RESIN MATRIX RESIDUE WAS PRESENT ON EACH PLY OF THE FIBERGLASS, THIS MODE OF FAILURE DENOTES A COHESIVE
FAILURE OR A DIRECT SPLITTING OF THE RESIN ITSELF.
 
15,116 PSI MAXIMUM COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH


Common Factors Of 100% Solids (Zero volatiles and unfilled epoxy resin)

1 gallon of resin = 4239 grams (1.12 g/cc)

1gallon = 128 fluid ounces

1 gallon of resin = 231 cubic inches

1 fluid ounce of resin = 33.17 grams

Apply the mixed resin unto the surface and then lay the fabric and allow the resin to saturate through the fabric.

NOT THE OTHER WAY AROUND

This is one of the most common processing error that yields sub-standard laminates. By laying the fiberglass unto a film of resin, less air bubbles are entrapped during the wetting-out stage. Air is pushed up and outwards instead of forcing the resin through the fabric which will entrap air bubbles. This technique will displace air pockets unhindered and uniformly disperse throughout the fiberglass with minimal mechanical agitation or spreading.

Note the slide show presentation

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

Typical Fiberglass Reinforcing Technique Unto A Wood Substrate

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

For Vacuum Bagging Process

VACUUM BAGGING

INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO


MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY A/B

LAMINATE CONFIGURATION FLAT PANEL

USED FOR STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS

ROOM TEMPERATURE CURED

HEXCEL 7781 9 OUNCE 8-HARNESS SATIN WEAVE TOP AND BOTTOM PLIE

PLUS

15 LAYERS CORE 24-OUNCE FIBERGLASS PLAIN WEAVE ROVING

LAMINATE CONFIGURATION CONTOURED SPEAKER ENCLOSURE

MAX CLR-HP A/B used

FOR CARBON FIBER CRYSTAL CLEAR HIGH PERFORMANCE SINGLE PLY 12-OUNCE 2X2 TWILL WEAVE CARBON FIBER

Given enough time and the proper selection of the fabric's surface treatment (fabric to resin compatibility), a dry fabric will seek a state equilibrium and distribute the applied resin and naturally release air bubbles entrapped within the laminate. It is then very important that the proper viscosity, working time and surface treatment of the fabric must be considered depending on the application of the composite structure. There are also fabricating techniques that can be employed to yield high performance laminates. Depending on the size of the part, processes such as high pressure pressing, vacuum bagging and vacuum assisted resin transfer molding are superior methods over hand dry lay-up. Air voids or porosity within the laminate is typically where failure propagates when load is applied(fracturing, compression failure, tearing, torque, tensile strength, creep).

VACUUM RESIN FUSION PROCESS WITH MAX 1618 A/B

   


Step Four: Proper Curing
Allow the lay-up to cure for a minimum of 24 to 36  hours before handling.
Optimum cured properties can take up to 7 days depending on the ambient cure condition. 
The ideal temperature cure condition of most room temperature epoxy resin is 22 to 27 degrees Celsius at 20% relative humidity.
Higher ambient curing temperatures will promote faster polymerization and development of cured mechanical properties.
Improving mechanical performance via post heat cure
 A short heat post cure will further improve the mechanical performance of most epoxy resins. Allow the applied resin system to cure at room temperature until for 18 to 24 hours and if possible, expose heat cure it in an oven  or other source of radiant heat (220°F to 250°F) for45 minute to an hour. You can also expose it to direct sunlight but place a dark colored cover, such as a tarp or cardboard to protect it from ultraviolet exposure.
In general room temperature cured epoxy resin has a maximum operating temperature of 160°F or lower
A short heat post cure will insure that the mixed epoxy system is fully cured,
especially for room temperature cured system that can take up to 7 days to achieve 100% cure
Some darkening or yellowing of the epoxy resin may occur if over exposed to high temperature (>250 F).

AMINE BLUSH
The affinity of an amine compound (curing agent) to moisture and carbon dioxide creates a carbonate compound and forms what is called amine blush. 
Amine blush is a wax-like layer that forms as most epoxies cure. If the epoxy system is cured in extreme humidity (>70%).
It will be seen as a white and waxy layer that must be removed by physical sanding of the surface followed by an acetone wipe.
Although we have formulated the MAX CLR, MAX BOND and MAX GPE product line to be resistant to amine-blush,
it is recommended not to mix any resin systems in high humidity conditions, greater than 60%.
Always make sure that the substrate or material the epoxy resin system is being applied to
 is as dry as possible to insure the best cured performance.
             

DON'T FORGET OUR EPOXY MIXING KIT!

 

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO MEASURE, MIX, DISPENSE OR APPLY ANY OF OUR MAX EPOXY RESIN IN ONE CONVENIENT KIT

 

Proportioning the correct amount is equally as important to attain the intended cured properties of the resin system.

The container in which the epoxy and curing agent is mixed is an important consideration when mixing an epoxy resin system.

 The container must withstand the tenacity of the chemical and must be free of contamination.

Most epoxy curing agent has a degree of corrosivity, as a general practice, protective gloves should be worn when handling chemicals of the same nature.

  MIXING KIT CONTENTS 

 4 each 32 ounce (1 Quart) clear HDPE plastic tubs

4 each 16 ounce (1 pint) clear HDPE plastic tubs

4 each clear HDPE plastic Lids for the plastic tubs

4 each 8 ounce (1/2-Pint) Wax Free Paper Cups

5 pairs one size fits all Powder Free Latex Gloves (Large)

6 Piece HDPE Plastic Measuring Spoon Kit

(1 tablespoon to 1/8 teaspoon)

10 Piece HDPE Plastic Measuring Cup

(1 Cup to 1/8 Teaspoon)

2 each None Sterile Graduated 10 cc Syringes

1 pack of Wooden Stir Sticks (100 disposable Chopsticks)

1 pack Assorted Size Bristle Brush (5 per pack)

 

     
 

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PolymerProducts, The Epoxy Experts

Is Now Your One Stop Source
For All Your Composite Fabric Needs
MADE IN THE USA
 
We Have Just Acquired Thousands Of Yards
 ·       Fiberglass Fabrics
·       Carbon Fiber Cloth
·       Aramid Fabrics
·       Aluminum and Phenolic Honeycomb Cores
 
Factory woven by one of the largest weavers and producers of composite fabrics for aerospace, marine,
electronic and structural composite materials. 
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE SLIDE SHOW
 
 
For International Orders Please Inquire For Shipping Cost and 'request total from seller' to receive combined shipping cost if purchasing more than one product from our store.
We will assemble the package and accurately weigh out the entire package and provide you the best shipping cost.
 
If you need to purchase more than what is listed in this item page, please visit our ebay store.
 
 Make sure to request for a total to get the best shipping cost.
 
Other Fabric Weave Types And Finishing Available
Also Available in Full Rolls
Please Inquire And We Will List The Fabric Type Of Your Choice On Our eBay Store
 
Please inquiry for volume discount.
If you have any questions or special applications,
our staff polymer chemist will be more than happy to answer your questions.
 
PLEASE CHECK OUT OTHER AVAILABLE
RESIN SYSTEMS AT OUR eBAY STORE
 
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NEED MORE INFORMATION?

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IMPORTANT NOTICE

Your purchase constitutes the acceptance of this disclaimer . Please review before purchasing this product.

The user should thoroughly test any proposed use of this product and independently conclude satisfactory performance in the application. Likewise, if the manner in which this product is used requires government approval or clearance, the user must obtain said approval. The information contained herein is based on data believed to be accurate at the time of publication. Data and parameters cited have been obtain through publish information, PolymerProducts and Polymer Composites Inc. laboratories using materials under controlled conditions. Data of this type should not be used for specification for fabrication and design. It is the user's responsibility to determine this Composites fitness for use. There is no warranty of merchantability of fitness of use, nor any other express implied warranty. The user's exclusive remedy and the manufacturer's liability are limited to refund of the purchase price or replacement of the product within the agreed warranty period. PolymerProducts and its direct representative will not be liable for incidental or consequential damages of any kind. Determination of the suitability of any kind of information or product for the use contemplated by the user, the manner of that use and whether er there is any infringement of patents is the sole liability of the user.

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Item location: Ontario, California, United States
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