Coin 1907 WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V.PREUSSEN
Country: Prussia (German
Mint: A: Berlin
Appox. 28 g.
Silver (Ag 900)
KINGDOM OF PRUSSIA.
of Prussia – the leading
state of the German Empire. Its first capital – Koenigsberg, from 1486 – Berlin.
The name Prussia derives from the Old
Prussians, a Baltic people related to the Lithuanians and Latvians. In the 13th
century, 'Old Prussia' was conquered by the Teutonic Knights. Their monastic
state was Germanized following the Ostsiedlung.
The Thirteen Years' War (1454 – 1466) began when
the Prussian Confederation, a coalition of Hanseatic cities of western Prussia,
rebelled against the Order and requested help from the Polish king. The
Teutonic Knights were forced to acknowledge the sovereignty and pay tribute to
King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland in the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), losing
western Prussia (Royal Prussia) to Poland in the process.
In 1525 during the Protestant Reformation, the
Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, Albert, secularized the order's Prussian
territory, becoming Albert, Duke of Prussia. His duchy, which had its capital
in Königsberg, was established as a fief of the Crown of Poland.
Prussia became a hereditary domain of the House of
Hohenzollern. The second duke, Albrecht Friedrich only ruled effectively until
1578 and the duchy was administrated by other members of the rest of the 16th
century. Albrecht Friedrich died in 1618 and the duchy was untied with the
Electorate of Brandenburg to become Brandenburg-Prussia.
Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg-Prussia (1688
– 1713) was accorded the title of 'King in Prussia'
in 1701 as a reward for his support of Austria during the War of the Spanish
The state of Brandenburg-Prussia became commonly
known as 'Prussia', although
most of its territory, in Brandenburg,
Pomerania, and western Germany,
lay outside of Prussia
During the reign of King Friedrich William II
(1786 – 1797), Prussia
annexed additional Polish territory through further Partitions of Poland.
During the Napoleonic Wars (1792 – 1815), Prussia was allied with Saxony and they were
soundly defeated at Jena
in 1806. The Congress of Vienna in 1815 awarded Prussia
part of Pomerania, the northern half of Saxony (with Mansfeld), much of
Westphalia and the Rhineland.
After defeating Denmark
in 1864 and Austrian in 1866, Prussia
acquired Schleswig-Holstein, Hannover, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau and Frankfurt am Main. By winning the
Franco-Prussian War (1870 – 1871), Prussia
became the pivotal state in the unification of Germany in 1871. King Wilhelm I was
proclaimed Kaiser (Emperor) of all Germany.
The Coat of Arms of Prussia: the Prussian crowned eagle
with 'FR' (Fridericus Rex, 'King Frederick') on its breast was placed in an
escutcheon on the shield with 25 quarters instead of the electoral scepter. All
the helmets made way for one royal crown.
The rulers, who struck coins (in Germany Empire):
• Reign: 02.01.1861 (Kaiser from 18.01. 1871) –
09.03.1888 – Wilhelm I (born: 22.03.1797 – died: 09.03.1888),
• Reign: 09.03. – 15.06. 1888 – Friedrich III
(born: 18.10.1831 – died: 15.06.1888),
• Reign: 15.06.1888 – 09.11.1918 – Wilhelm II
(born: 27.01.1859 – died: 04.06.1941).