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Caracalla - Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. -
Bronze 18mm (4.07 grams) of Pautalia in Thrace.
AV K M ANTΩnel, Laureate head
OVΛПIAC ΠAVTAΛIAC, Six-pointed
star within crescent moon.
*Numismatic note: Interesting
You are bidding on the exact item pictured,
provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime Guarantee of
Planets in astrology have a meaning different from the modern
astronomical understanding of
what a planet is. Before the age of telescopes,
the night sky was thought to consist of two very similar components: fixed
stars, which remained motionless in relation to each other, and "wandering
stars" (Ancient Greek:
ἀστέρες πλανῆταιasteres planetai),
which moved relative to the fixed stars over the course of the year.
To the Greeks and the other earliest astronomers, this group comprised the
five planets visible to the naked eye, and excluded the
Earth. Although strictly the term "planet"
applied only to those five objects, the term was latterly broadened,
particularly in the Middle Ages, to include the
Moon (sometimes referred to as "Lights"),
making a total of seven planets. Astrologers retain this definition today.
To ancient astrologers, the planets represented the will of the gods and
their direct influence upon human affairs. To modern astrologers the planets
represent basic drives or urges in the unconscious, or energy flow regulators
representing dimensions of experience. They express themselves with different
qualities in the twelve
signs of the zodiac and in the twelve
houses. The planets are also related to each
other in the form of
Modern astrologers differ on the source of the planets' influence. Hone
writes that the planets exert it directly through gravitation or another,
unknown influence. Others hold that the planets have no direct influence in
themselves, but are mirrors of basic organizing principles in the universe. In
other words, the basic patterns of the universe repeat themselves everywhere, in
fractal-like fashion, and "as above so below".[citation
needed] Therefore, the patterns that the planets
make in the sky reflect the ebb and flow of basic human impulses. The planets
are also associated, especially in the Chinese tradition, with the basic forces
Listed below are the specific meanings and domains associated with the
astrological planets since ancient times, with the main focus on the Western
astrological tradition. The planets in
Hindu astrology are known as the
Navagraha or "nine realms". In
Chinese astrology, the planets are associated
with the life forces of yin and yang and the five
elements, which play an important role in the
Chinese form of geomancy known as
This table shows the astrological planets (as distinct from the astronomical)
and the Greek and Roman deities associated with them. In most cases, the English
name for planets derives from the name of a Roman god or goddess. Also of
interest is the conflation of the Roman god with a similar Greek god. In some
cases, it is the same deity with two different names.
God of "Duty". Punishes the person who does not do his duty
tests a person every 22.5 years; the test lasts for a period of 7.5
The origin of word Shani (शनि) comes from the following: Shanaye Kramati
Sa: (शनये क्रमति सः) i.e. the one who moves slowly, as Saturn takes
about 30 years to revolve around the sun.
Treatises on the Ptolemaic planets and their influence on people born "under
their reign" appear in
block book form, so-called "planet books" or
Planetebücher, from about 1460 in southern Germany, and remain popular
German Renaissance, exerting great
iconographical influence far into the 17th century. A notable early example is
Hausbuch of Wolfegg of c. 1470. Even earlier,
Hans Talhoffer, in a 1459 manuscript, includes
a treatise on planets and planet-children.
The qualities inherited from the planets by their children are as follows:
Saturn: melancholy and apathy
Mars: soldiering and warfare
Sun: music and athleticism
Moon: association with water and travel
Mercury: money and commerce
Venus: amorousness and passion.
classical planets are those easily seen with
the naked eye, and were thus known to ancient astrologers. They are the Sun,
Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Sometimes, the Sun and Moon were
referred to as "the lights" or the "luminaries".
Uranus can also just be seen with the naked
eye, though no ancient culture appears to have taken note of them. The
astrological descriptions attached to the seven classical planets have been
preserved since ancient times. Astrologers call the seven classical planets "the
seven personal and social planets", because they are said to represent the basic
human drives of every individual.The personal planets are the Sun, Moon,
Mercury, Venus and Mars. The social or transpersonal planets are Jupiter and
Saturn. Jupiter and Saturn are often called the first of the "transpersonal" or
"transcendent" planets as they represent a transition from the inner personal
planets to the outer modern, impersonal planets. The outer modern planets
Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are often called the collective or transcendental
planets. The following is a list of the planets and their associated
Helios on a relief from Ilion, early 4th-century BC
The Sun is the planetary
Leo and is
Aries. In Greek mythology, the Sun was
represented by the
Sol, and later by
Apollo, the god of light. The Sun is the star
at the center of our solar system, around which the Earth and other planets
revolve and provides us with heat and light. The arc that the Sun travels in
every year, rising and setting in a slightly different place each day, is
therefore in reality a reflection of the Earth's own orbit around the Sun. This
arc is larger the farther north or south from the equator latitude, giving a
more extreme difference between day and night and between seasons during the
year. The Sun travels through the twelve signs of the zodiac on its annual
journey, spending about a month in each. The Sun's position on a person's
birthday therefore determines what is usually called his or her "sun" sign.
However, the sun sign allotment varies between Western (sign change around 22-23
of every month) and Hindu astrology (sign change around 14-15 of every month)
due the different systems of planetary calculations, following the
sidereal definitions respectively.
Astrologically, the Sun is usually thought to represent the conscious
self and its expression, personal power, pride
and authority, leadership qualities and the principles of creativity,
spontaneity, health and vitality, the sum of which is named the "life force".
The 1st-century poet
Marcus Manilius in his epic, 8000-verse poem,
Astronomica, described the
Sol, as benign and favorable. In medicine,
the Sun is associated with the heart, circulatory system, and the thymus. In
Ayurveda, it rules over life-force (praan-shakti),
governs bile temperament (pitta), stomach, bones and eyes. In modern
astrology, the Sun is the ruler of the fifth
house and the zodiac sign of
Luna or Diana, wearing a crescent-moon crown and driving her
ox-drawn chariot (biga),
Parabiago plate (2nd–5th centuries
Moon is the ruling planet of
Cancer and is exalted in
Taurus. In Roman mythology, the Moon was
Luna, at times identified with
Diana. The Moon is large enough for its gravity
to affect the Earth, stabilizing its orbit and producing the regular ebb and
flow of the tides. The lunar day syncs up with its orbit around Earth in such a
manner that the same side of the Moon always faces the Earth and the other side,
known as the "far
side of the Moon" faces towards space.
The moon is used to characterise the inner child within us, as well as the
past and how we have been as individuals rather than how we are now. It is also
used to represent the perception one has of one's mother, so someone with a
Pisces Moon would be more likely to see their mother as a Piscean type, even if
in reality that was not the case. In the horoscope the aspects the moon makes
with other planets and the transits the slower moving planets make to the moon
are all said to have a strong impact on how our lives unfold.
Astrologically the Moon is associated with a person's emotional make-up,
unconscious habits, rhythms, memories, moods
and their ability to react and adapt to those around them. It is also associated
with the mother, maternal instincts or the urge to nurture, the home, the need
for security and the past, especially early experiences and childhood. The
1st-century poet Manilius, described the Moon or Luna, as melancholic. In
medicine, the Moon is associated with the digestive system, stomach, breasts,
the ovaries and menstruation (which does occur on a monthly cycle)
and the pancreas. Despite Manilius' assignation, the Moon is commonly associated
phlegmatic humor; it ruled the
animal spirits. In modern astrology, the Moon
is the ruler of the fourth
The Moon or Luna is associated with Monday, the word Monday comes from
the Old English word for Moon day or Moon's day, and in Romance languages, the
name for Monday comes from luna (e.g., luni in Romanian, lundi
in French, lunes in Spanish and lunedi in Italian).
Mercury is the
ruling planet of
Virgo and is exalted in the latter; it is the
only planet with rulership and exaltation both in the same sign (Virgo). In
Mercury is the messenger of the gods, noted for
his speed and swiftness. Echoing this, the scorching, airless world Mercury
circles the Sun on the fastest orbit of any planet. Mercury takes only 88 days
to orbit the Sun, spending about 7.33 days in each sign of the zodiac. Mercury
is so close to the Sun that only a brief period exists after the Sun has set
where it can be seen with the naked eye, before following the Sun beyond the
Astrologically, Mercury represents the principles of communication,
mentality, thinking patterns, rationality and reasoning and adaptability and
variability. Mercury governs schooling and education, the immediate environment
of neighbors, siblings and cousins, transport over short distances, messages and
forms of communication such as post, email and telephone, newspapers, journalism
and writing, information gathering skills and physical dexterity. The
1st-century poet Manilius described Mercury as an inconstant, vivacious and
In medicine, Mercury is associated with the nervous system, the brain, the
respiratory system, the thyroid and the sense organs. It is traditionally held
to be essentially cold and dry, according to its placement in the zodiac and in
any aspects to other planets. It is linked to the animal spirits.
Today, Mercury is regarded as the ruler of the third and sixth houses;
traditionally, it had the joy in the first house. Mercury is the messenger of
the gods in mythology. It is the planet of day-to-day expression and
relationships. Mercury's action is to take things apart and put them back
together again. It is an opportunistic planet, decidedly unemotional and
Mercury rules over Wednesday. In Romance languages, the word for Wednesday is
often similar to Mercury (miercuri in Romanian, mercredi in
French, miercoles in Spanish and "mercoledì" in Italian). Dante Alighieri
associated Mercury with the liberal art of
dialectic In Indian astrology, Mercury is
Budha, a word related to Buddhi
("intelligence") and represents communication.
in chinese astrology, Mercury represent
Water, four element. Water is communicative,
intelligence and much elegance.
Venus is the ruling planet of
Libra and is exalted in
Pisces. In roman mythology,
Venus is the goddess of love and beauty, famous
for the passions she could stir among the gods. Her cults may represent the
religiously legitimate charm and seduction of the divine by mortals, in contrast
to the formal, contractual relations between most members of Rome's official
pantheon and the state, and the unofficial, illicit manipulation of divine
forces through magic. The ambivalence of her function is suggested in the
etymological relationship of the root *venes- with Latin venenum (poison,
venom), in the sense of "a charm, magic philtre".
Venus orbits the Sun in 225 days, spending about 18.75 days in each sign of
the zodiac. Venus is the second brightest object in the night sky, the Moon
being the brightest. It is usually beheld as a twin planet to Earth.
Astrologically, Venus is associated with the principles of harmony, beauty,
balance, feelings and affections and the urge to sympathize and unite with
others. It is involved with the desire for pleasure, comfort and ease. It
governs romantic relations, marriage and business partnerships, sex (the origin
of the words 'venery' and 'venereal'), the arts, fashion and social life. The
1st-century poet Marcus Manilius described Venus as generous and fecund and the
Venus In medicine, Venus is associated with the
lumbar region, the veins, parathyroids, throat and kidneys. Venus was thought to
be moderately warm and moist and was associated with the
phlegmatic humor. Venus is the ruler of the
second and seventh houses.
Venus is the planet of Friday. In languages deriving from Latin, such as
Romanian, Spanish, French, and Italian, the word for Friday often resembles the
word Venus (vineri, viernes, vendredi and "venerdì"
respectively). Dante Alighieri associated Venus with the liberal art of
Chinese astrology, Venus is associated with the
metal, which is unyielding, strong and
Indian astrology, Venus is known as
Shukra and represents wealth, pleasure and
Norse Paganism, the planet is associated to
Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty and
Mars is the ruling planet of
Scorpio and is exalted in
Mars is the Roman god of war and bloodshed,
whose symbol is a spear and shield. Both the soil of Mars and the hemoglobin of
human blood are rich in iron and because of this they share its distinct deep
red color. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most
prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions.
Mars orbits the Sun in 687 days, spending about 57.25 days in each sign of
the zodiac. It is also the first planet that orbits outside of Earth's orbit,
making it the first planet that does not set along with the Sun. Mars has two
permanent polar ice caps. During a pole's winter, it lies in continuous
darkness, chilling the surface and causing the deposition of 25–30% of the
atmosphere into slabs of CO2 ice (dry ice).
Astrologically, Mars is associated with confidence and self-assertion,
aggression, sexuality, energy, strength, ambition and impulsiveness. Mars
governs sports, competitions and physical activities in general. The 1st-century
poet Manilius, described the planet as ardent and as the lesser
malefic. In medicine, Mars presides over the
genitals, the muscular system, the gonads and
adrenal glands. It was traditionally held to be hot and excessively dry and
choleric humor. It was associated with fever,
accidents, trauma, pain and surgery.
In modern astrology, Mars is said to rule the first and eighth houses;
traditionally, however, Mars ruled the third and tenth houses. While Venus tends
to the overall relationship atmosphere, Mars is the passionate impulse and
action, the masculine aspect, discipline, will-power and stamina.
Mars is associated with Tuesday and in Romance languages the word for Tuesday
often resembles Mars (in Romanian, marţi, in Spanish, martes, in
French, mardi and in Italian "martedì"). The English "Tuesday" is a
modernised form of "Tyr's Day", Tyr being the Germanic analogue to Mars. Dante
Alighieri associated Mars with the liberal art of
arithmetic. In Chinese astrology, Mars is ruled
by the element
fire, which is passionate, energetic and
Indian astrology, Mars is called
Mangala and represents energy, confidence and
Jupiter is the ruling
Sagittarius and is exalted in
Cancer. In Roman mythology,
Jupiter is the ruler of the gods and their
guardian and protector, and his symbol is the thunderbolt. The Romans believed
that Jupiter granted them supremacy because they had honored him more than any
other people had. Jupiter was "the fount of the auspices upon which the
relationship of the city with the gods rested." He personified the divine
authority of Rome's highest offices, internal organization, and external
relations. His image in the Republican and Imperial Capitol bore regalia
associated with Rome's ancient kings and the highest consular and Imperial
In the same way, the planet Jupiter is the king of the other planets, a giant
in size with spectacular, brightly colored clouds and intense storms. Some
astronomers believe that it plays an important protecting role in using its
massive gravity to capture or expel from the solar system many comets and
asteroids that would otherwise threaten Earth and the inner planets. Jupiter
takes 11.9 years to orbit the Sun, spending almost an earth year (361 days) in
each sign of the zodiac. Furthermore Jupiter is usually the fourth brightest
object in the sky (after the Sun, the Moon and Venus).
Astrologically, Jupiter is associated with the principles of growth,
expansion, prosperity, and good fortune. Jupiter governs long distance and
foreign travel, higher education, religion, and the law. It is also associated
with the urge for freedom and exploration, humanitarian and protecting roles,
and with gambling and merrymaking.
The 1st-century poet Manilius described Jupiter as temperate and benign, and
benefic. It was regarded as warm and moist in
nature, and therefore favorable to life. In medicine, Jupiter is associated with
the liver, pituitary gland, and the disposition of fats; it governed the
sanguine humor. In modern times, Jupiter is
said to be the ruler of the ninth and twelfth houses, but traditionally, Jupiter
was assigned to the second and ninth houses: the house of values and the house
of beliefs, respectively.
Jupiter is associated with Thursday, and in Romance languages, the name for
Thursday often comes from Jupiter (e.g., joi in Romanian, jeudi in
French, jueves in Spanish, and giovedì in Italian). Dante
Alighieri associated Jupiter with the liberal art of
geometry. In Chinese astrology, Jupiter is
ruled by the element
wood, which is patient, hard-working, and
Indian astrology, Jupiter is known as
Brihaspati and is known as the 'great teacher'.
Saturn, with Capricorn at his feet and the New Year in his arms,
from The Seven Planets with the Signs of the Zodiac (1539) by
Hans Sebald Beham
Saturn is the ruling planet of
Capricorn and is exalted in
Libra. In Roman mythology,
Saturn is the god of agriculture, founder of
civilizations and of social order, and conformity. The glyph is most often seen
as scythe-like but it is primarily known as the "crescent below the
cross", whereas Jupiter's glyph is the "crescent above the cross". The famous
rings of the planet Saturn that enclose and surround it, reflect this principle
of man's limitations. Saturn takes 29.5 years to orbit the Sun, spending about
2.46 years in each sign of the zodiac.
Astrologically, Saturn is associated with the principles of limitation,
restrictions, boundaries, practicality and reality, crystallizing, and
structures. Saturn governs ambition, career, authority and hierarchy, and
conforming social structures. It concerns a person's sense of duty, discipline
and responsibility, and their physical and emotional endurance during hardships.
Saturn is also considered to represent the part of a person concerned with
The Return of Saturn is said to mark
significant events in each person's life. According to the 1st-century poet
Manilius, Saturn is sad, morose, and cold, and is the greater
malefic. According to Claudius Ptolemy, "Saturn
is lord of the right ear, the spleen, the bladder, the phlegm, and the bones."
Saturn symbolized processes and things that were dry and cold, and therefore
inimical to life. It governed the
According to Sefer Yetzirah – GRA Version – Kaplan 4:13
"He made the letter Resh king over Peace And He bound a crown to it And He
combined one with another And with them He formed Saturn in the Universe
Friday in the Year The left nostril in the Soul, male and female."
Before the discovery of
Uranus, Saturn was regarded as the ruling
Aquarius. Many astrologers[who?]
still use Saturn as the planetary ruler of both Capricorn and Aquarius; in
modern astrology it is accordingly the ruler of the tenth and eleventh houses.
Traditionally, however, Saturn was associated with the first and eighth houses.
Saturn is associated with Saturday, which was named after the deity Saturn.
Dante Alighieri associated Saturn with the liberal art of astronomia (astrology
and astronomy). In Chinese astrology, Saturn is ruled by the element
earth, which is warm, generous, and
Indian astrology, Saturn is called
Shani or "Sani", and represents career and
longevity. It is also the bringer of bad luck and hardship
Since the invention of the telescope, Western astrology has incorporated
Uranus, Neptune, Ceres, Pluto, and other bodies into its methodology. The Indian
and Chinese astrologies have tended to retain the ancient seven-planet system.
Meanings have had to be assigned to them by modern astrologers, usually
according to the major events that occurred in the world at the time of their
discovery. As these astrologers are usually Western, the social and historical
events they describe have an inevitable Western emphasis. Astrologers consider
the "extra-Saturnian" planets to be "impersonal" or
generational planets, meaning their effects are
felt more across whole generations of society. Their effects in individuals
depend upon how strongly they feature in that individual's birth-chart. The
following are their characteristics as accepted by most astrologers.
For some modern Western astrologers, the planet
Uranus is the ruling planet of
Aquarius and is exalted in
Scorpio. In Greek mythology, Uranus is the
personification of the heavens and the night sky. The planet Uranus is very
unusual among the planets in that it rotates on its side, so that it presents
each of its poles to the Sun in turn during its orbit; causing both hemispheres
to alternate between being bathed in light and lying in total darkness over the
course of the orbit.
Uranus takes 84 years to orbit the Sun, spending about 7 years in each sign
of the zodiac. Uranus was discovered only in 1781 by
Sir William Herschel.
Astrologically modern interpretations associate Uranus with the principles of
genius, individuality, new and unconventional ideas, discoveries, electricity,
inventions, and the beginnings of the industrial revolution. Uranus, among all
planets, most governs genius.
Uranus governs societies, clubs, and any group dedicated to humanitarian or
progressive ideals. Uranus, the planet of sudden and unexpected changes, rules
freedom and originality. In society, it rules radical ideas and people, as well
as revolutionary events that upset established structures.
In art and literature, the discovery of Uranus coincided with the Romantic
movement, which emphasized individuality and freedom of expression. In medicine,
Uranus is believed to be particularly associated with the sympathetic nervous
system, mental disorders, breakdowns and hysteria, spasms, and cramps. Uranus is
considered by modern astrologers to be ruler of the eleventh house.
For many astrologers,
Neptune is the ruling planet of
Pisces. In Roman mythology,
Neptune is the god of the sea, and the deep,
ocean blue color of the planet Neptune reflects this. Its glyph is taken
directly from Neptune's trident, symbolizing the curve of spirit being pierced
by the cross of matter. Neptune takes 165 years to orbit the Sun, spending
approximately 14 years (13.75) in each sign of the zodiac. Neptune was
discovered in 1846.
Astrologically, modern Western astrologers associate the planet Neptune with
creativity, idealism and compassion, but also with illusion, confusion, and
deception. Neptune governs hospitals, prisons, mental institutions, and any
other place, such as a monastery, that involves a retreat from society. Its
appearance coincided with the discovery of
hypnotism. In political terms, Neptune was
linked to the rise of nationalist movements throughout Europe in countries like
Germany, Italy, Hungary, Ireland, and Serbia, seeking independence for their
nations inspired by an idealized past of legend. It was also linked to the rise
of socialism and the beginnings of the welfare state. Neptune coincided with the
utopian ideals of Communism, when Marx and Engels first published 'The Communist
Manifesto' in 1848
In art, the impressionist movement began a trend away from literal
representation, to one based on the subtle, changing moods of light and color.
In medicine, Neptune is seen to be particularly associated with the thalamus,
the spinal canal, and severe or mysterious illnesses and neuroses. Neptune is
considered by modern astrologers to be ruler of the twelfth
To most modern Western astrologers,
Pluto is the ruling planet of
Scorpio. In Roman mythology, Pluto is the god
of the underworld and of wealth. The alchemy symbol was given to Pluto on its
discovery, three centuries after Alchemy practices had all but disappeared. The
alchemy symbol can therefore be read as spirit over mind, transcending matter.
The symbols were chosen given the close association with Mars which has a
Pluto takes 247 years to make a full circuit of the zodiac, but its progress
is highly variable: it spends between 15 and 26 years in each sign.
Astrologically, Pluto is called "the great renewer", and is considered to
represent the part of a person that destroys in order to renew, through bringing
buried, but intense needs and drives to the surface, and expressing them, even
at the expense of the existing order. A commonly used keyword for Pluto is "transformation".[citation
needed] It is associated with power and personal
mastery, and the need to cooperate and share with another, if each is not to be
destroyed. Pluto governs big business and wealth, mining, surgery and detective
work, and any enterprise that involves digging under the surface to bring the
truth to light. Pluto is also associated with the day Tuesday.
Pluto is also associated with extreme power and corruption; the discovery of
Pluto in 1930 coincided with the rise of fascism and
Stalinism in Europe, leading to World War II.
It also coincided with the
Great Depression and the major proliferation of
organized crime in the United States.
Its entry in Cancer in 1913, the sign in which it was later discovered,
coincided with World War I. It is also associated with
nuclear armament, which had its genesis in the
research of the 1930s and 40s. Later on, it gave rise to the polarized nuclear
stand off of the Cold War, with the mass consumer societies of the United States
and other democracies facing the totalitarian state of the USSR. The discovery
of Pluto also occurred just after the birth of modern psychoanalysis, when Freud
and Jung began to explore the depths of the unconscious.
In real life events and culture, Pluto has been a major astrological aspect.
In art, movements like
Surrealism began to de-construct the "normal"
view of the world. In medicine, Pluto is seen to be associated with regenerative
forces in the body involving cell formation and the reproductive system. Pluto
is considered by modern astrologers to be co-ruler of the eighth house. Many
traditional astrologers do not use Pluto as a ruling planet, but do use the
planet for interpretation and predictive work, obliquely making reference to
projections of influences from higher to lower dimensional spaces.
Ceres with torch in search of Proserpina (medaillon by
Martial Reymond, early 17th
Ceres is the smallest identified
dwarf planet in the Solar System. It was
discovered on 1 January 1801 by Giuseppe Piazzi, and is named after Ceres, the
Roman goddess of growing plants, the harvest, and of motherly love. It was the
first asteroid discovered, taking up about one-third of the entire mass of its
asteroid belt. The classification of Ceres has changed more than once and has
been the subject of some disagreement.Johann
Elert Bode believed Ceres to be the "missing planet" he had proposed
to exist between
Jupiter, at a distance of 419 million km (2.8 AU)
from the Sun. Ceres was assigned a planetary symbol, and
remained listed as a planet in astronomy books
and tables for about half a century. The 2006 debate surrounding Pluto and what
planet led to Ceres being considered for
reclassification as a planet, but in the end Ceres and Pluto were classified as
the first members of the new
dwarf planet category.
Ceres passes through the zodiac every 4 years and 7 months, passing through a
little more than 2½ signs every year.
In mythology, Ceres is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess
Demeter, and is the goddess of agriculture. The
goddess (and metaphorically the planet) is also associated with the reproductive
issues of an adult woman, as well as pregnancy and other major transitions in a
woman's life, including the nine months of gestation time, family bonds and
relationships. For some astrologers Ceres is the ruling planet of
Virgo Although a mother, Ceres is also
the archetype of a virgin goddess. Ceres epitomizes independent women who are
often unmarried (since, according to myth, Ceres is an unmarried goddess who
chose to become a mother without a husband or partner.) While the moon
represents our ideal of "motherhood", Ceres would represent how our real and
nature motherhood should be.
Ceres, as the Goddess who has control over nature's resources and cycles, may
astrologically be considered the planet of the Environment. Returning to
mythology, an early environmental villain is the figure of
Erysichthon, the tearer up of the earth, who
cut down trees in a grove sacred to Ceres-Demeter, for which he was punished by
the goddess with fearful hunger. In this sense Ceres became an emerging
archetype in the awareness of recent
climate change, and is entering our collective
consciousness as a need to take care of our natural and irreplaceable resources
in the 21st century. Ceres represents a leap towards a future of ecological
responsibility and knowledge. As an indicator for environmental or community
activism, Ceres would represent for some astrologers the wave of the future.
The status of
Ceres is unknown at the moment in astrology.
The possibility exists that Ceres is not involved with any sign, but it has been
strongly suggested as the ruler of Virgo. As in all cases of newer discoveries,
Ceres will likely never be used in horoscopes by traditionalist astrologers.
The three most popular Eurasian traditions,
Chinese astrology, and
Hindu Astrology, accordingly share a large
amount of common themes in their
zodiacs and concepts of planetary meanings.[citation
needed] This could fallaciously inflect that the
three have an ancient common origin, whereas in fact the three developed
mutually over millennia by diffusion, assimilation, scholarship, and trade
across the whole of
Eurasia and Africa.
The Western and Hindu zodiacs essentially correspond to twelve similar
archetypes, despite differences in tone,
emphasis, motifs, and
right ascension of their constellations, as do
the twelve signs of the
Chinese zodiac; however, both Western and Hindu
astrology are based on four elements: fire, earth, air, water; whereas the
Chinese is based on five: metal, water, wood, fire, and earth. Chinese elemental
conceptions of the planets clearly correlate to their Western and Hindu
counterparts in the case of Mars (Fire),
and Jupiter (Wood).[citation
needed] The Chinese linkage of Mercury with
Water is alien to Western astrology, but this
combination shares the water themes, much of what is coined "mercurial" in
Western thought, such as intellect, reason and communication.
The Chinese association of Venus to
Metal appears at first fundamentally different
from Western notions of love and romance. In Babylonian mythology, her
equivalent was Ishtar, goddess of both love and war. The Chinese metal
representative is unyielding and forceful, set in their ways and taciturn; yet
Venus' Western element is air, which is logical and sanguine. Metal is also
sophisticated, and enjoys the good things in life. In Western astrology, Venus
Libra, which is sophisticated, logical, and
Taurus, which is reserved, sensual, and
unyielding. In addition, some sources claim that Venus has an association with
gold (metal) where counterpart of Venus is Freyja who is related to the element
gold in Norse mythology. Some Western astrologers believe that metal is better
associated with the qualities of the planet Saturn, arguing that metal equates
to air in the western system, and that Saturn is linked to air in Vedic
The cycle of the five Chinese elements operate completely differently from
the Western cycle of four. This discrepancy between elements can be clarified by
geomancy, which is locked with Chinese
astrology. On the Feng Shui compass, the five elements and the five visible
planets are placed on the cardinal directions and center point, with
Mercury-Water to the north, Jupiter-Wood to the east, Mars-Fire to the south,
Venus-Metal to the west, and Saturn-Earth in the center.[clarification
needed] This also suggests that Western air best
corresponds to metal, while Venus rules the west in both traditions. Wood in
Chinese philosophy describes characteristics found in the Western element of
Other solar system
asteroids such as
Vesta , as well as dwarf planet
Ceres, can easily be seen with binoculars (Vesta
even with the naked eye), but these were not recognized as planetary, and
perhaps not even noticed, until the early 19th century.[citation
needed] In the early 19th century,
Juno , and the other two aforementioned
asteroids were for a time regarded as planets. Although asteroids have been
known to both astronomers and astrologers for more than 200 years, they are
often ignored by astrologers. The tradition of some astrologers casting charts
with minor planets originates with these asteroids. Since the discovery of
Chiron in the 1970s, some astrologers
have been casting the new "planet", although astronomers consider it a
centaur (a kind of intermediate object between
comet and asteroid).
In the 21st century, several new planet-sized bodies, including
Eris, have been discovered, but not yet
incorporated into mainstream astrological predictions, although some more
avant-garde groups have attempted to incorporate them.
novae have been observed and discussed for several thousand years.
Comets in particular were portents of great interest to ancient people and given
various astrological interpretations. Both phenomena are rarely visible to the
naked-eye, and are ignored by most modern astrologers.
The near-earth asteroid
Cruithne is thought to influence the zodiac and
some personal horoscopes Not to be confused with Chiron, Pluto's only moon
Charon is treated like a "minor planet" or
given the same status as a
dwarf planet, the title given to Pluto when in
International Astronomical Union demoted its
status from the farthest planet.
Some astrologers have hypothesized about the existence of unseen or
undiscovered planets. In 1918, astrologer
Sepharial proposed the existence of Earth's
Lilith, and since then, some astrologers have
been using it in their charts; though the same name is also (and now, more
commonly) used in astrology to refer to the axis of the actual Moon's orbit. The
20th-century German school of astrology known as Uranian astrology also claimed
that many undiscovered planets existed beyond the orbit of Neptune, giving them
names such as Cupido, Hades, Zeus, Kronos, Apollon, Admetos, Vulcanus, and
Poseidon, and charting their supposed orbits. These orbits have not coincided,
however, with more recent discoveries by astronomers of objects beyond Neptune.
Other astrologers have focused on the theory that in time, all twelve signs
of the zodiac will each have their own ruler, so that another two planets have
yet to be discovered; namely the "true" rulers of Taurus and Virgo. The names of
the planets mentioned in this regard by some are Vulcan (ruler of Virgo) and
Apollo, the Roman god of the Sun (ruler of
Taurus). Another version of this theory states that the modern planets
discovered so far correspond to the elements known to the ancients—air (Uranus,
god of the heavens), water (Neptune, god of the sea), and fire (Pluto, god of
the underworld)—which leaves the elements earth and
ether (the fifth element of the fiery upper
air). In other words, it is claimed that the two planets to be discovered will
be named after an
earth god or goddess (such as the
Horae), and after
Aether, the Roman and Greek god of the upper
air and stars.
Велбъжд, Velbazhd) is a town in the
far west of
Bulgaria, the capital of
Kyustendil Province, with a population of 58,059 (2005 census). Kyustendil
is situated in the southern part of the Kyustendil Valley, 90 km southwest of
Sofia. It was
named after the medieval lord of the surrounding region,
settlement was founded at the place of the modern town in the
century BC and the
developed it into an important stronghold, balneological resort and trade
junction called Pautalia in the 1st century AD.
The Hisarlaka fortress was built in the 4th century and the town was
mentioned under the
Slavic name of Velbazhd (Велбъжд, meaning "camel")
in a 1019 charter by the
It became a major religious and administrative centre.
Antoninus (Called 'Caracalla')
Augustus: 198-217 A.D. ( 198-209 A.D. - with Septimius Severus)
( 209-211 A.D. - with Septimius Severus and Geta)
( 211-217 A.D. - Sole Reign)
Caracallus ), born Lucius Septimius Bassianus and later called Marcus
Aurelius Antoninus and Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus, was the
eldest son of
Septimius Severus and
Roman Emperor from 211 to 217. He was one of
the most nefarious of Roman emperors. Caracalla's reign was notable for:
"Caracalla was the common enemy of all mankind," wrote
Edward Gibbon. He spent his reign traveling
from province to province so that each could experience his "rapine and
Caracalla's real name was Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. He got the
nickname from his habit of wearing a cloak by the same name. Caracalla was the
elder son of Septimius Severus and brother of Geta whom he positively hated.
Hated so much, in fact, that he had him murdered a few years later. In the
mayhem that followed, Caracalla's men went on a killing spree of anyone
suspected of being a Geta sympathizer. In the massacre, it's estimated up to
20,000 people lost their lives. Caracalla would go on to rule for another five
years but his bad karma caught up with him and he was assassinated in a plot
perpetrated by Macrinus.
As an emperor Caracalla possessed few redeeming qualities and among the worst
of them would be his ruinous drain on the treasury. Because he knew everyone
hated him he sought the protection of the army. And the surest way of getting
this protection was to buy it outright. He raised the pay of the solider to
about four denarii per day, nearly quadrupling the salary of just a few years
prior. And on top of their regular salary he heaped endless bonuses and other
concessions meant to endear them. This money could only have come by the
oppressive taxation of ordinary citizens as well as the seizures of property of
the wealthy under trumped-up charges. This not only intensified the hatred
against him but also had the effect of corrupting the military who had become
accustomed to this life of luxury and throwing the economy into lasting
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