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Cast Iron Plaques & Medallions
This medallion has been cast in bronze to commemorate the famous ancient Greek physician, HIPPOKRATES of Kos, ca 460 BC – ca 370 BC.
The medallion is a work of the outstanding german sculptor, painter, Fritz NUSS,
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Hippocrates of Cos or Hippokrates of Kos (ca. 460 BC – ca. 370 BC) - Greek: Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs was an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Athens), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of Western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of medicine. This intellectual school revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece, establishing it as a discipline distinct from other fields that it had traditionally been associated with (notably theurgy and philosophy), thus establishing medicine as a profession
diameter – 168 mm, (6⅞”)
weight – ca ¾ kg, (ca 27 oz)
metal – cast bronze, old authentic patina
The Hippocratic Corpus (Latin: Corpus Hippocraticum) is a collection of around seventy early medical works from ancient Greece, written in Ionic Greek. The question of whether Hippocrates himself was the author of the corpus has not been conclusively answered, but the volumes were probably produced by his students and followers. Because of the variety of subjects, writing styles and apparent date of construction, scholars believe Hippocratic Corpus could not have been written by one person (Ermerins numbers the authors at nineteen). The corpus was attributed to Hippocrates in antiquity, and its teaching generally followed principles of his; thus it came to be known by his name. It might be the remains of a library of Kos, or a collection compiled in the 3rd century BC in Alexandria.
The Hippocratic Corpus contains textbooks, lectures, research, notes and philosophical essays on various subjects in medicine, in no particular order. These works were written for different audiences, both specialists and laymen, and were sometimes written from opposing view points; significant contradictions can be found between works in the Corpus. Notable among the treatises of the Corpus are The Hippocratic Oath; The Book of Prognostics; On Regimen in Acute Diseases; Aphorisms; On Airs, Waters and Places; Instruments of Reduction; On The Sacred Disease; etc.
The Hippocratic Oath, a seminal document on the ethics of medical practice, was attributed to Hippocrates in antiquity although new information shows it may have been written after his death. This is probably the most famous document of the Hippocratic Corpus. Recently the authenticity of the document's author has come under scrutiny. While the Oath is rarely used in its original form today, it serves as a foundation for other, similar oaths and laws that define good medical practice and morals. Such derivatives are regularly taken today by medical graduates about to enter medical practice.
Fritz NUSS, Goeppingen, Wuerttemberg-Baden, 24 May 1907). German sculptor and medallist. He studied in Munich and Stuttgart and among his public commissions for sculpture are the bronze doors for the entrance to the Stuttgart Liederhalle. He became one of the foremost German medallists of his day, the linear style of his cast medals of the 1960s revealing the influence of Paul Klee. Towards the end of the decade he turned to Classical subject-matter for inspiration, as in his Sphinx medal (bronze, 1969); such works as his series of plaquettes entitled Love Games (bronze, 1974), his Runners medal (bronze, 1975) and the Vaclav Nijinsky medal (bronze, 1978) reveal the increasing influence also of Classical forms. With the large Hippocrates medallion (bronze, 1980) his absorption of a Classical idiom was complete. From 1952 to 1972 he taught sculptural design at the Gewerbe- und Handelsschule in Schwaebisch Gmuend.