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Details about  39.13CT. NATURAL FINE VS CITRINE LOOSE GEMSTONE 13th Anniversary November Gift

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39.13CT. NATURAL FINE VS CITRINE LOOSE GEMSTONE 13th Anniversary November Gift
39-13CT-NATURAL-FINE-VS-CITRINE-LOOSE-GEMSTONE-13th-Anniversary-November-Gift
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Ended:
Apr 12, 2015
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US $599.96
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Item location:
Thailand, Thailand

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120787147609
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Last updated on  Mar 03, 2012 23:52:29 PST  View all revisions

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New without tags: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) that is not in original packaging or ... Read moreabout the condition
 


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Untitled Document
THAIROCKSHOP
39.13CT. NATURAL FINE VS CITRINE LOOSE GEMSTONE 13th Anniversary November Gift
NATURAL FINE VS CITRINE LOOSE GEMSTONE 13th Anniversary November Gift
D E S C R I P T I O N
PRODUCT ID P02-09
PRODUCT NAME CITRINE Citrin レモン色 Citrino Citrín 茶晶
SHAPE OVAL
QUANTITY 1 PIECE(S).
WEIGHT 39.13 CTS.
SIZE (Approx.) 20x24x14.5 mm.
COLOR YELLOW
ORIGIN BRAZIL
CLARITY VS
HARDNESS 6.5-7 Moh's
TREATEMENT Untreated - No Heat
CITRINE IS THE NOVEMBER BIRTHSTONE, 13th YEAR ANNIVERSARY GIFT AND THE ZODIAC SIGN OF SCORPIO
MORE DETAIL
citrine, the stone for the month of November. Many people have come to know and love this stone under the name gold topaz, or Madeira or Spanish topaz, although in actual fact it has very little in common with the higher-quality gemstone topaz - except for a few nuances of colour. Thus the history of the citrine is closely interwoven with that of the topaz, and coincides with it completely when it comes to the interpretation of alleged miraculous powers. However, the citrine is a member of the large quartz family, a family which, with its multitude of colours and very various structures, offers gemstone lovers almost everything their hearts desire in terms of adornment and decoration, from absolutely clear rock crystal to black onyx. And it does so at prices which are by no means unaffordable. The name is derived from the colour - the yellow of the lemon - , although the most sought-after stones have a clear, radiant yellowish to brownish red. Like all crystal quartzes, the citrine has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale and is thus, to a large extent, insensitive to scratches. It won't immediately take offence at being knocked about either, since its cleavage properties are non-existent. Even if their refractive index is relatively low, the yellow stones have just that mellow, warm tone that seems to have captured the last glow of autumn. Like golden Rhine wine or sparkling Madeira, heavy and sweet, citrine jewellery shimmers and brings a hint of sunshine to those dull November days. There are not many yellow gemstones in the world of jewels. A diamond or a sapphire may be yellow - those will be expensive -, or sometimes a tourmaline or chrysoberyl, though these tend toward green somewhat, a golden beryl or eben a pure topaz, which we will mention again later on. However, the citrine fulfils everyone's colour wishes, from lemon yellow to reddish brown. Rare though it is, yellow does in fact occur in quartz in Nature, if seldom, when there are traces of iron in the silicon dioxide. Historically, it has been found in Spain, on the Scottish island of Arran, in France, Hungary and in several mines overseas. Perhaps the citrine wouldn't have been talked about any more at all if, in the middle of the 18th century, it had not been for the discovery that amethysts and smoky quartzes can also be rendered yellow by so-called burning. This heat treatment at temperatures of between 470 and 560 degrees has to be carried out very carefully and requires a great deal of experience. However, in the course of 200 years, its application has become so much a matter of course that most of the stones available in the trade today are in fact burnt amethysts or smoky quartzes. Only a trained specialist can recognise the signs of heat treatment at all, burnt stones having subtle stripes whilst the yellow of natural ones is cloudy. In Europe, the boom on these yellow to reddish crystal quartzes didn't begin until, in the 1930s, expatriate agate cutters from Idar-Oberstein sent large quantities of citrine back home, along with amethyst and agate, from Brazil and Uruguay. Thus the golden-yellow quartzes made a contribution to Idar-Oberstein's becoming - and remaining - one of the world's great gemstone centres. Just as they had been used to doing with agate and other kinds of quartz, the cutters faceted the citrine using large, rotating sandstones over decades. The raw stone was actually held in the cutter's hand during this process. If you give that a little thought, it will occur to you just how skilled the cutters from the Hunsrück really were. GERMAN TRANSLATION Citrin, der Stein für den Monat November. Viele Menschen sind gekommen, kennen und lieben diesen Stein unter dem Namen Gold Topas, oder Madeira oder spanischer Topas, dabei in der Tat sehr wenig gemein hat mit dem höherwertigen Edelstein Topas - abgesehen von ein paar Farbnuancen. So ist die Geschichte der Citrin ist eng mit der des Topases verknüpft und vollends zusammen, wenn es um die Interpretation der angeblichen Wunderkräfte kommt. Allerdings ist der Citrin ein Mitglied der großen Quarz-Familie, einer Familie, die mit ihrer Vielzahl an Farben und sehr unterschiedlichen Strukturen, bietet Edelstein-Liebhaber fast alles was das Herz begehrt in Bezug auf Schmuck und Dekoration aus wasserklaren Bergkristall bis zum schwarzen Onyx . Und das tut sie so zu Preisen, die keineswegs unerschwinglich sind. Der Name ist von der Farbe abgeleitet - dem Gelb der Zitrone -, obwohl die begehrtesten Steine ​​ein klares, leuchtendes Gelb bis bräunlich rot haben. Wie alle Kristallquarze hat der Citrin die Härte 7 auf der Mohs-Skala und ist damit weitgehend unempfindlich gegen Kratzer. Es wird nicht sofort daran Anstoß nehmen wird über entweder klopfte, da er keine Spaltbarkeit besitzt nicht vorhanden sind. Auch wenn ihr Brechungsindex ist relativ niedrig, haben die gelben Steine ​​gerade den lieblich warmen Ton, der die letzte Glut des Herbstes zu haben scheint. Wie goldener Rheinwein oder funkelnder Madeira, schwer und süß, Citrin Schmuck schimmert und bringt einen Hauch von Sonnenschein in den trüben Novembertagen. Es gibt nicht viele gelbe Edelsteine ​​in der Welt der Edelsteine. Ein Diamant oder ein Saphir sein - dann wird es teuer - oder gelegentlich ein Turmalin oder Chrysoberyll, die jedoch in Richtung Grün tendieren etwas, ein goldener Beryll oder eben der Edeltopas, die wir nochmals erwähnen, wird später auf. Der Citrin erfüllt dagegen alle Farbwünsche von Zitronengelb bis rotbraun. Selten aber ist es, das Gelb in der Tat beim Quarz in der Natur, wenn auch selten, wenn es Spuren von Eisen in das Siliziumdioxid. Historisch gesehen hat es in Spanien gefunden worden, auf der schottischen Insel Arran, in Frankreich, Ungarn und in mehreren Minen in Übersee. Möglicherweise wäre der Citrin heute kein Thema mehr gewesen überhaupt gesprochen, wenn in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts, wenn nicht die Entdeckung, dass Amethyste und Rauchquarze auch gelb werden können durch sogenannte Brennen worden war. Diese Wärmebehandlung bei Temperaturen zwischen 470 und 560 Grad muß sehr sorgfältig durchgeführt werden und erfordert ein hohes Maß an Erfahrung. Doch im Laufe von 200 Jahren hat sich ihre Anwendung so sehr eine Selbstverständlichkeit, dass die meisten Steine ​​in den Handel heute in der Tat gebrannte Amethyste oder Rauchquarze sind. Nur ein geübter Fachmann kann die Zeichen der Wärmebehandlung überhaupt zu erkennen, ist gebrannten Steinen subtilen Streifen, während das Gelb der natürlichen zu trüb. In Europa, den Boom für die gelben bis rötlichen Kristallquarze erst beginnen, in den 1930er Jahren, schickte Expatriate Achatschleifer aus Idar-Oberstein große Mengen Citrin zurück nach Hause, zusammen mit Amethyst und Achat, aus Brasilien und Uruguay. So ist die goldgelben Quarze einen Beitrag zur Idar-Oberstein ist immer - und bleibt - eines der weltweit größten Edelsteine ​​entwickelt hat. So wie sie es vom Achat und anderen Arten von Quarz gewohnt waren, facettiert die Schleifer dem Citrin auf großen rotierenden Sandsteinen über Jahrzehnte. Der rohe Stein war eigentlich in der Cutter die Hand während dieses Prozesses statt. Wenn Sie das ein wenig nachdenken, wird es Ihnen vorkommen, wie qualifizierte die Messer aus dem Hunsrück wirklich waren.
CLARITY SCALE
IF
No internal flaws and only minor external blemishes.
VVS1/VVS2
These stones have very very small inclusions, which are extremely difficult to see under 10X magnification.
VS1/VS2
These stones have very small inclusions, which are slightly difficult to see under 10X Magnification
SI1/SI2
These stones have inclusions, which are fairly easy to see under 10X magnification, and can be seen with the naked eye.
Transparency
These stones have inclusions ranging from eye visible to very easily seen to naked eyes.
Translucent
Highly included, Translucent
PAYMENT
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Other payment method please contact us.
SHIPPING WORLDWIDE
Royal Thai AirmailRegistered FREE 10-30 Days
EMS USA/AU/UK/JP/Express w/Tracking. $35.00 3-6 Days
COMBINED SHIPPING
You pay the following for all items you win :
(A) Cost of items.
(B) Shipping charges +
(C) Combined Shipping charge $3 for each additional item in the invoice.
This way total amount you pay is (A)+(B)+(C)
RETURN POLICY
14 day inspection period. Refund will be issued after receiving the item in the same condition as when shipped.
Shipping charges & EBay/PayPal Transaction fees cannot be refunded. No Refunds on Special Orders
Please visit our other stores.
My stores
SiamRocks
Auctions at Gems-usa
ThaiRockShop

 

 


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