10 year workmanship warranty
Manufacturer warrants that for a period of ten years commencing on the Warranty Start Date (as
defined below) the Product(s)
- will be free from defects in design, material, workmanship or manufacture that materially
impede their functioning, and
- will conform to the specifications and the drawings applicable thereto.
Any deterioration in appearance of the product (including any scratches, stains, mechanical wear,
rust, or mold), or any other changes to the product which occur after delivery to the Buyer, do not
constitute a defect under this warranty unless it materially impairs the product’s functioning. A
claim in the event of glass breakage arises only to the extent that there was no external cause of the
25 year linear performace warranty
In addition, Trina Solar warrants that for a period of twenty-five years commencing on the
Warranty Start Date loss of power output of the nominal power output specified in the relevant
Product Data Sheet and measured at Standard Test Conditions (STC) for the Product(s) shall not
Warranty Start Date
The Warranty Start Date is the date of delivery of the Product(s) to the Buyer or 12 months after the
date of Product(s) dispatch from Trina Solar sites, whichever date is earlier.
Manufacturer hereby grants the following Limited Warranty to the first customer installing (for its own use) (the "Buyer") any of the specified (and no other) brand
- For Polycrystalline Products (as defined in Sec. 1 a): 2.5 % in the first year, thereafter 0.7%
per year, ending with 80.7% in the 25th year after the Warranty Start Date,
- For Monocrystalline Products (as defined in Sec. 1 b): 3.5 % in the first year, thereafter
0.68% per year, ending with 80.18% in the 25th year after the Warranty Start Date.
- solar photovoltaic modules including factory assembled junction box and cables, and
- Mounting products including factory assembled basic hardware if any.
- Mounting products contained in Trinamount I, Trinamount II and Trinamount III. Applicable
While a majority of the world's current electricity supply is generated from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas, these traditional energy sources face a
number of challenges including rising prices, security concerns over dependence on imports from a limited number of countries which have significant fossil fuel
supplies, and growing environmental concerns over the climate change risks associated with power generation using fossil fuels. As a result of these and other
challenges facing traditional energy sources, governments, businesses and consumers are increasingly supporting the development of alternative energy sources and new
technologies for electricity generation. Renewable energy sources such as solar, biomass, geothermal, hydroelectric and windpower generation have emerged as potential
alternatives which address some of these concerns. As opposed to fossil fuels, which draw on finite resources that may eventually become too expensive to retrieve,
renewable energy sources are generally unlimited in availability.
Solar power generation has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing renewable sources of electricity. Solar power generation has several advantages over other forms
of electricity generation:
Reduced Dependence on Fossil Fuels. Solar energy production does not require fossil fuels and is therefore less dependent on this limited and expensive
natural resource. Although there is variability in the amount and timing of sunlight over the day, season and year, a properly sized and configured system can be
designed to be highly reliable while providing long-term, fixed price electricity supply.
Environmental Advantages. Solar power production generates electricity with a limited impact on the environment as compared to other forms of electricity
Matching Peak Time Output with Peak Time Demand. Solar energy can effectively supplement electricity supply from an electricity transmission grid, such as
when electricity demand peaks in the summer.
Modularity and Scalability. As the size and generating capacity of a solar system are a function of the number of solar modules installed, applications of
solar technology are readily scalable and versatile.
Flexible Locations. Solar power production facilities can be installed at the customer site which reduces required investments in production and
Government Incentives. A growing number of countries have established incentive programs for the development of solar and other renewable energy sources,
such as (i) net metering laws that allow on-grid end users to sell electricity back to the grid at retail prices, (ii) direct subsidies to end users to offset costs
of photovoltaic equipment and installation charges, (iii) low interest loans for financing solar power systems and tax incentives; and (iv) government standards that
mandate minimum usage levels of renewable energy sources.
A growing number of countries have established incentive programs for the development of solar and other renewable energy sources, such as (i) net metering laws
that allow on-grid end users to sell electricity back to the grid at retail prices, (ii) direct subsidies to end users to offset costs of photovoltaic equipment and
installation charges, (iii) low interest loans for financing solar power systems and tax incentives; and (iv) government standards that mandate minimum usage levels
of renewable energy sources.
Stand-alone photovoltaic systems produce power independently of the utility grid. In some off-the-grid locations even one half kilometer from power lines,
stand-alone photovoltaic systems can be more cost-effective than extending power lines. They are especially appropriate for remote, environmentally sensitive areas,
such as national parks, cabins, and remote homes.
The solar power market has grown significantly in the past decade. According to Solarbuzz, the global solar power market, as measured by annual solar power system
installations, increased from 427 MW in 2002 to 1,744 MW in 2006, representing a CAGR of 42.2%, while solar power industry revenues grew to approximately US$10.6
billion in 2006. Despite the rapid growth, solar energy constitutes only a small fraction of the world's energy output and therefore may have significant growth
potential. Solarbuzz projects in one of its forecasts that annual solar power industry revenue could reach US$31.5 billion by 2011.