1792, Sweden, Gustav III & Louisa Ulrika of Prussia. Complimentary Silver Medal.
Award of The Royal Academy of History and Antiquities.
Condition: About XF!
Engraver: C. G. Fehrman.
Reference: Hildebrand 212/14.
Mint Place: Stockholm (Royal Mint)
Official Awqard Medal of the Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities
Mint Year: 1792 (the rim marking says 1945, which could be a the date when the medal was granted by the academy!)
Obverse: Busts of Gustav III and his mother Louisa Ulrika of Prussia vis-a-vis.
Legend: LUDOVICA ULR. CREATR. GUSTAVUS III. INSTAUR. AC. LIT. HUMANIOR.
Reverse: Sundial placed on podium, ray of light above.
Legend: LUCIS METITUR PROGRESSIBUS.
The Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities was founded on March 20, 1753 as the Kongliga Svenska Vitterhets-Academien by Queen Lovisa Ulrika, sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia and mother of Gustav III.
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Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (Swedish: Lovisa Ulrika; German: LuiseUlrike)(1720—1782) was a Swedish Queen, Queen consort of Sweden between 1751 and 1771 as wife of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden, and mother of King Gustav III of Sweden and King Charles XIII of Sweden.
Louisa Ulrika was the daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his wife Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, and was thus a younger sister of both Wilhelmine of Bayreuth and Frederick the Great. She was given the Swedish name Ulrika because Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden had been her god mother; she exchanged letters with her godmother, and it was thought that she would marry afuture son by Ulrika Eleonora, as Ulrika Eleonora herself had once been considered as a consort for her father. However, Ulrika Eleonora remained childless. Other matches were considered, such as the Prince of Wales. Upon the accession of her brother to the throne in 1740, she was appointed koadjutris of Quedlinburg Abbey with the prospect of being Princess-Abbess.
Gustav III (24 January 1746 – 29 March 1792Note on dates) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest sonof King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, sister of Frederick the Great.
As he opposed the parliamentarian reforms that had been worked out before his reign, in the Age of Liberty, and as he spent high amounts on things that pleased him, he was controversial. To distract attention from this, he tried to expand Sweden's borders through a war against Russia, but the attempt was unsuccessful. In the end, Gustav was assassinated by a conspiracy of noblemen.
The assassination of Gustav III became the basis of an opera libretto by Scribe, set by both Daniel Auber in 1833 under the title Gustave III, and with the specifics changed by censorship, by Giuseppe Verdi in 1859 as Un ballo in maschera (A Masked Ball).
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