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1666-LOUIS-XIV-HISTORICAL-MEDAL-ROCHEFORT-PORT
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Details about  1666 LOUIS XIV HISTORICAL MEDAL ROCHEFORT PORT

1666 LOUIS XIV HISTORICAL MEDAL ROCHEFORT PORT

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Last updated on  Mar 12, 2013 11:24:02 PDT  View all revisions

B.125 - LOUIS XIV Le Grand - Reigned (1643–1715).

Diameter: 41mm (approx.1.5")     Weight: 40g (<2oz)    Edge/Relief: 4mm

France, 1666 " PORT DE ROCHEFORT ", a scarce Bronze medal, commemorating the building of the arsenal of Rochefort decided by Louis the 14th,  superb modern restrike (ca 1980) in mint condition, by Jean Mauger, edge marked with horn of plenty* (Paris mint).

Obv. 30th effigy of the King.

Rev. Neptune (Poseidon) standing on charriot with two sea Horses brandishing trident; map of arsenal and city Rochefort in background.
In legend : URBE ET NAVALI FUNDATIS (foundation of city and arsenal)
In the exergue : RUPIFORTUM / M.DC.LXVI. (Rochefort 1666)

Reference : CGMP p178 Vol1 (collection historique). 


THE EVENT

Rochefort was chosen by Jean-Baptiste Colbert as a place of "refuge, defense and supply" for the French navy. In 1666 Its military harbour was fortified by Louis XIV's commissary of fortifications Vauban. Between 1666-1669 the king had the "Corderie Royale" (then the longest building in Europe) constructed to make cordage for French ships of war. The making of cordage ceased in 1867, and in 1926 the arsenal of Rochefort was closed. The building was burned by occupation forces in 1944 and left abandoned for twenty years. Today it has been restored for municipal and tourist purposes. Another infrastructure of early Rochefort from 1766 was its bagne, a high-security penal colony involving hard labour. Bagnes were then common fixtures in military harbours and naval bases, such as Toulon or Brest, because they provided free labour.

Off Rochefort, from the island of Île-d'Aix where he had spent several days hoping to flee to America, Napoleon Bonaparte surrendered to Captain F. L. Maitland aboard HMS Bellerophon, on July 17, 1815, ending the "Hundred Days".

Rochefort is a notable example of 17th-century "ville nouvelle" or new town, which means its design and building resulted from a political decree. The reason for building Rochefort was to a large extent that royal power could hardly depend on rebellious Protestant La Rochelle, which Cardinal Richelieu had to besiege a few decades earlier. Well into the 20th century, Rochefort remained primarily a garrison town. The tourist industry, which had long existed due to the town's spa, gained emphasis in the 1990s.


- REIGN OF LOUIS XIV LE GRAND (1643–1715). -

Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death at the age of 76. He acceded to the throne a few months before his fifth birthday, but did not assume actual personal control of the government until the death of his First Minister ("premier ministre"), Jules Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661. Louis XIV, known as The Sun King (in French Le Roi Soleil) or as Louis the Great (in French Louis le Grand, or simply Le Grand Monarque, "the Great Monarch"), ruled France for seventy-two years—the longest reign of any French or other major European monarch. Louis XIV increased the power and influence of France in Europe, fighting three major wars—the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession—and two minor conflicts—the War of Devolution, and the War of the Reunions.

Under his reign, France achieved not only political and military pre-eminence, but also cultural dominance with various cultural figures such as Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Lully, Rigaud, Le Brun and Le Nôtre. These cultural achievements contributed to the prestige of France, her people, her language and her king. One of France's greatest kings, Louis XIV worked successfully to create an absolutist and centralized state. Louis XIV became the archetype of an absolute monarch. The phrase "L'État, c'est moi" ("I am the State") is frequently attributed to him, though this is considered by historians to be a historical inaccuracy and is more likely to have been conceived by political opponents as a way of confirming the stereotypical view of the absolutism he represented. Quite contrary to that apocryphal quote, Louis XIV is actually reported to have said on his death bed: "Je m'en vais, mais l'État demeurera toujours." ("I am going away, but the State shall always remain").


Mint Marks used at the PARIS MINT:

Plain Edge ==> All medals before March 30th 1832 have plain edges and before 1841 for bronze or copper.
Antique Lamp ==> from March 30th 1832 until October 21st 1841 (on gold & silver only).
Anchor ==> from October 21st 1841 until September 25th 1842.
Ship Prow ==> from September 26th 1842 until June 12th 1845.
Pointing Hand ==> from June 13th 1845 until October 1st 1860.
Bee ==> from November 1st 1860 until December 31st 1879.
Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty) ==> from 1880 until now.
 

More Medals? don't forget to visit our STORE eBay.com and also see our Sister Shop on eBay.fr : STORE eBay.fr


L@@K AT MY AUCTIONS FOR OTHER GREAT MEDALS @@

@@@ FAST EZ & HASSLE FREE TRANSACTIONS FROM PARIS TO TEXAS OR ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD @@@


Interests/Themes keywords : Art medal, Art nouveau, France, Sun King, Louis, Ludovicus, Royalty.

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You will receive shortly after the auction ends, an email with options and payment instructions. If you are done shopping please use checkout and make payment with Paypal or see other accepted payments. If you bought a medal and you want to add a stand or a gift case please click here to see what available options we have in store.
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ABOUT US
We are professional sellers running a family business, the first in the family who started to sell medals was, about 70 years ago, Maître Albert de Jaeger, he was an Artist, a Sculptor and Medallist he received the Premier Grand Prix de Rome (1935) for his medallic art, he created hundreds of medals and other art objects.
In our Auctions and eBay Store, you will find a wide range of World Art Medals and Historical Medals. Beautiful medals, highly collectable and great Gift ideas. We hope you will enjoy your visit to our eBay store !


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