This is a guide on how to grow organically
I have heard many people say they would like to grow organically but it cost too much...... WHAT? Thats right, big business has made organic farming into a market and now there is all kinds of organic fertilizers and insect repellents that cost big bucks. A bag of organic fertilizer cost more then Miracle Grow now days. The thing is 100 years ago Miracle grow didn't exist, neither did all the organic stuff we see today. You don't need any of the these things to grow organically and have large harvests. In fact it's just another way for big biz to make you kick out more money.
The truth is growing organically is easy, fun, & cheap. Everyone I know has leaves in there yard come fall, instead of giving them to the city or burning them add them to your compost pile. If you don't have a compost pile start one today. It's the only fertilizer/insect repellent you'll need and best of all it's free. So why could compost be classified as a insect repellent? Well, it's simple healthy plants don't get affected by bugs as much as unhealthy plants do. The best way to keep plants happy & healthy is with compost. If bugs are still a problem, compost is still the answer but in the form of tea. Thats right tea made of compost. Compost tea can be sprayed on plants and it really keeps the bugs away and the plant absorbs the nutrients through there leaves it's called foliar feeding. Plants like it, bugs hate it and it's easy to make, but first lets talk about what goes into a compost pile.
Many things can be put into a compost pile, and it's always better to add as many different things as possible instead of only 1 or 2 things. The two basic elements that make up compost are green's a great example os grass clippings, and brown's a great example of these are dry leaves. Green ingredients are high in nitrogen and brown materials are high in carbon.The reason we add a variety of things is because we want the end product to have a bunch of different nutrients and minerals in it so our plants grow large and healthy.
Things that can go into a compost pile:
Burlap coffee bags
Lint from behind refrigerator
Popcorn (unpopped, 'Old Maids,' too)
Matches (paper or wood)
Seaweed and kelp
Old, dried up and faded herbs
Bird cage cleanings
Hoof and horn meal
Gin trash (wastes from cotton plants)
Hair clippings from the barber
Tea bags and grounds
Powdered/ground phosphate rock
Corncobs (takes a long time to decompose)
Milk (in small amounts)
Starfish (dead ones!)
Melted ice cream
Q-tips (cotton swabs: cardboard, not plastic sticks)
Expired flower arrangements
BBQ'd fish skin
Stale potato chips
Old leather gardening gloves
Guinea pig cage cleanings
Bagasse (sugar cane residue)
Lint from clothes dryer
Wine gone bad
Fingernail and toenail clippings
Moss from last year's hanging baskets
Stale breakfast cereal
Leather watch bands
Brown paper bags
moldy animal feed
Vacuum cleaner bag contents
Coconut hull fiber
Old or outdated seeds
Macaroni and cheese
Liquid from canned vegetables
Liquid from canned fruit
Greeting card envelopes
Dead bees and flies
Peanut butter sandwiches
Dirt from soles of shoes, boots
Ivory soap scraps
Spoiled canned fruits and vegetables
Produce trimmings from grocery store
Cardboard cereal boxes (shredded)
vacume cleaner dirt
cotton shirts, sheets, sect
finger & toe nail clippings
rotten lumber "non treated"
and the list goes on and on
There are some things you need to stay away from Such as fatty meats, salts, and human poop.
How to build compost pile
I's super easy to make a compost pile just remember this recipe 1/3 green 2/3 brown. You don't even need a bin like many people say you do. it will make compost in a plain pile, hints the name compost pile. the pile should be at least 3ft wide and 3ft tall bu the bigger the better 5x5 works great. you want you compost to heat up and more substance is the fastest way to do that. thats why fall is the perfect time to start you'll have tons of leaves and can add grass clippings from the last few mowings before winter. This is give you a good start. for faster results get in there with a shovel and turn your pile over bringing the bottom to the top. Keep adding and by spring you'll have great compost.
How to make compost tea:
Any large container will do, from a 5 gallon bucket to a 55 gallon drum. Fill the container loosely with a variety of compost material and/or manures. Fill the container with water. Stir the mixture every day. Aeration is important to the process of making compost tea. After a week, your tea is ready to use.
Drain off the liquid tea. Use a strainer if possible to keep solid particles out of the tea. If you are going to use the tea in a sprayer you need to strain the tea through a cheesecloth to remove small particles that can clog the sprayer.
Pure compost tea is often too strong for your plants. The nitrogen content can be so high, that it burns the plants. Before applying the tea to your plants, mix 10 parts water with one part compost tea. This 10:1 ratio dilutes the nutrient levels, so the tea can be safely applied.
Left over solid material can be spread on your garden, put back into the compost pile for later use.
Important Note: The liquid nutrients in compost tea is used immediately by your plants. But, because it is in liquid form, it can wash out of your soil quickly. Frequent applications are recommended.