Alot of babies, now a days get diagnosed as being colicky. But is your baby colicky or does he actually have a reflux problem? Many doctors will diagnose a baby as being colic because of colicky symptoms. Other doctors will have test perform to see if its colic or if its GERD.
My son is 2 months old, and he had colicky symptoms. On top of milk allergy and having to switch his baby formula to Nutramigen, we found out he has GERD, he has not been diagnosed with colic, but has colicky symptoms because he has GERD. Sound confusing??
After my son having a Upper GI done, and seeing results, it came back, he is colicky due to having an reflux problem, otherwise, he is not fussy for no reason, like what colic means. After being on medicines of Zantac and Prilosec, he is not as fussy, is keeping his formula down, and is sleeping 5-7 hours a night. Read the information below, I hope it helps you in determining if your baby has Colic or GERD? My advise would be to ask the doctor you want test done, like I did, otherwise, you baby my suffer, and before you know it, its too late….
What is Colic?
The generic label of colic is defined by its symptoms rather than a particular cause. It is believed to affect about 25% of babies who exhibit uncontrollable crying over three hours a day and at least three days a week. This formula can be variable and any parent who has to regularly deal with an inconsolable, screaming baby, many days in a row, whether the 3 hour mark is met or not, would be termed by their pediatrician as having a colicky baby. With about 4 million babies born every year in the United States, this means that about a million babies, and everyone around them, are affected negatively by what appears to be inconsolable crying.
In general, babies start exhibiting colic symptoms around three weeks of age, with it being at it's worst stage at around six weeks of age and then usually stopping around three or four months of age. Even though it is a relatively short time period in your baby's life, that three or four months will seem like years to the parents who have to "deal" with their baby screaming.
What is gastro esophageal reflux (GER)?
Gastro esophageal reflux (GER) is a digestive disorder that is caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus.Gastro esophageal refers to the stomach and esophagus, and reflux means to flow back or return. Gastro esophageal reflux is the return of acidic stomach juices, or food and fluids, back up into the esophagus.Gastro esophageal reflux is common in babies, although it can occur at any age. It is the most common cause of vomiting during infancy. It may be a temporary condition, or may be a long-term physical problem, often called gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
What causes gastro esophageal reflux (GER)?
Gastro esophageal reflux is often the result of conditions that affect the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES, a muscle located at the bottom of the esophagus, opens to let food in and closes to keep food in the stomach. When this muscle relaxes too often or for too long, acid refluxes back into the esophagus, causing vomiting or heartburn. As feedings are digested, the LES opens and allows the stomach contents to go back up the esophagus. Sometimes, the stomach contents go all the way up the esophagus and the baby vomits. Other times, the stomach contents only go part of the way up the esophagus, causing heartburn, breathing problems, or, possibly, no problems at all.
Why is gastro esophageal reflux (GER) a concern?
Some babies who have GER may not vomit, but may still have stomach contents move up the esophagus and spill over into the windpipe. This can cause asthma, pneumonia, and possibly even SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome).
Babies with GER who vomit frequently may not gain weight and grow normally. Inflammation (esophagitis) or ulcers (sores) can form in the esophagus due to contact with stomach acid. These can be painful and also may bleed, leading to anemia (too few red blood cells in the bloodstream). Esophageal narrowing (stricture) and Barrett's esophagus (abnormal cells in the esophageal lining) are long term complications from inflammation.
What are the symptoms of gastro esophageal reflux (GER)?
The following are other common symptoms of GER. However, each baby may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
refusal to eat
fussiness around mealtimes
coughing fits at night
frequent upper respiratory infections (colds)
rattling in the chest
frequent sore throats in morning
sour taste in the mouth
The symptoms of GER may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your baby's physician for a diagnosis.
How is gastro esophageal reflux (GER) diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures that may be performed to help evaluate gastro esophageal reflux include:
•chest x-ray - a diagnostic test to look for evidence of aspiration.
•upper GI (gastrointestinal) series - a diagnostic test that examines the organs of the upper part of the digestive system: the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (the first section of the small intestine). A fluid called barium (a metallic, chemical, chalky, liquid used to coat the inside of organs so that they will show up on an x-ray) is swallowed. X-rays are then taken to evaluate the digestive organs.
•endoscopy - a test that uses a small, flexible tube with a light and a camera lens at the end (endoscope) to examine the inside of part of the digestive tract. Tissue samples from inside the digestive tract may also be taken for examination and testing.
•gastric emptying studies
Treatment for gastro esophageal reflux (GER):
Specific treatment for gastro esophageal reflux will be determined by your baby's physician based on: your baby's gestational age, overall health, and medical history, the extent of the disease, your baby's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies, the expectations for the course of the disease, your opinion or preference.
In many cases, GER can be relieved through feeding changes, under the direction of your baby's physician. Some ways to better manage GER symptoms include the following:
•After feedings, place your baby on his/her stomach with the upper body elevated at least 30 degrees, or hold him/her in a sitting position in your lap for 30 minutes. Because stomach sleeping has been associated with an increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), check with your baby's physician about how to position your baby for sleeping.
•If bottle feeding, keep the nipple filled with milk so your infant does not swallow too much air while eating. Try different nipples to find one that allows your baby's mouth to make a good seal with the nipple during feeding.
•Adding rice cereal to feeding may be beneficial for some older babies.
•Burp your baby several times during bottle feeding or breastfeeding. Your baby may reflux more often when burping with a full stomach.
•Make sure your baby's diaper is loose.
Treatment may include:
If needed, your baby's physician may prescribe medications to help with reflux. There are medications which help decrease the amount of acid the stomach makes, which, in turn, will cut down on the heartburn associated with reflux.
Another type of medication your baby's physician may prescribe will help to empty the stomach faster. If food does not remain in the stomach as long as usual, there may be less chance of reflux occurring. A medicine in this category that can be prescribed is metoclopramide (Reglan). This medicine is usually taken three to four times a day, before meals or feedings and at bedtime.
Some babies with reflux will not be able to gain weight due to frequent vomiting. Your baby's physician may recommend the following:
adding rice cereal to baby formula, providing your infant with more calories by adding a prescribed supplement to formula or breast milk to make the milk higher in calories than normal,change formula to milk/soy free formula if allergy suspected , tube feedings.
Some babies with reflux have other conditions that make them tired, such as congenital heart disease or prematurely. In addition to having reflux, these babies may not be able to drink very much without becoming sleepy. Other babies are not able to tolerate a normal amount of formula in the stomach without vomiting, and would do better if a small amount of milk was given continuously. In both of these cases, tube feedings may be recommended. Formula or breast milk is given through a tube that is placed in the nose, guided through the esophagus, and into the stomach (nasogastric tube). Nasogastric tube feedings can be given in addition to, or instead of, what a baby takes from a bottle. Nasoduodenal tubes can also be used to bypass stomach.
Many babies with GER will "outgrow it" by the time they are about a year old, as the lower esophageal sphincter becomes stronger. For others, medications, lifestyle, and diet changes can minimize reflux, vomiting, and heartburn. Surgery may be required in severe cases.
Good luck to all the mothers out there!!