This is three-part guide on Dugan's #1013 opalescent and #1013R carnival vases. Special thanks to E-Bayer joy2own! for sharing her expertise and her many photographs of her extensive #1013 and #1013-R collection.
Dugan's Rare Ten-Thirteen-R
Carnival Glass Vase
Dugan's #1013 in green opalescent glass
with Dugan's #1013-R vase in peach opal carnival glass
and Dugan's Target vase in blue opalescent glass.
photos by curculiosglass
This is Part I of a three-part guide on the Dugan Glass Company's carnival #1013-R vases and their opalescent precursor, the #1013 vase. Part I focuses on Dugan's carnival #1013-R vases. Part II discusses a vase of uncertain origin that is often misidentified on E-Bay listings as Dugan's #1013-R. Part III offers a photo gallery of opalescent #1013 vases and of seldom-seen #1013 whimseys. Buyers should be aware that items depicted in E-Bay ads to the right of this guide may or may not be properly described genuine vintage glass. Such ads are run by E-Bay and are not part of this guide.
Historical Information on Carnival #1013-R Vases
Peach opalescent carnival #1013-R vase (left)
with a peach opalescent carnival Target vase (right)
photo by curculiosglass
Carnival glass #1013-R vases and their opalescent precursor, the #1013 vase, were issued by the Dugan Glass Company of Indiana, Pennsylvania, between 1905 and 1913. Both the carnival and opalescent vases feature a simple pattern: a design of six panels divided by six ribs terminating in jagged flame tips. As shown immediately above and at page top, the vases closely resemble Dugan's Target vases but lack the "hobs" or bumps found on Target vases.
Dugan's opalescent #1013 vase first appeared in Butler Brothers wholesale catalogs in 1905. Carnival #1013-R vases were issued some time after 1909, for a short period only: Dugan's first carnival glass was made in 1909, but #1013-R vases stopped appearing in glassware advertisements after 1913. Existing examples of Dugan's carnival glass #1013-R vases are scarce; carnival glass authority David Doty notes at his website that he personally has seen only two such vases.
Quite possibly, #1013-R vases' scarcity is a consequence of a devastating 1912 fire at the Dugan factory. Carl O. Burns writes in Dugan & Diamond Carnival Glass 1909-1931, that many molds were lost in the fire, and that many patterns that had been featured earlier in wholesale catalogs abruptly vanished after 1912 (p. 17). In February, 1913, Dugan's management changed and the company was renamed Diamond Glass. It may be, in the alternative, that Diamond simply chose to discontinue Dugan's #1013-R vases because their design varied little from the slightly more elaborate Target vase.
Ten-Thirteen-R vases were featured in a 1913 Diamond Glass Co. advertisement placed in the trade journal China, Glass and Lamps a year after the fire. The ad, shown below, appears in William Heacock's Dugan/Diamond: The Story of Indiana, Pennsylvania, Glass, at p. 143. The ad included four Dugan vases: a #1013-R vase flanked by Target, Pulled Loop and Spiralex vases:
A 1913 Diamond Glass ad in China, Glass and Lamps featuring
from left to right, Target, Ten-Thirteen-R, Pulled Loop and Spiralex vases.
The #1013-R vases advertised may have represented remaining #1013-R stock made by Dugan before 1913, because the pattern did not resurface in later trade journals or catalogs. A year later, when Diamond ran a nearly identical advertisement featuring its iridescent vases in a July, 1914 Butler Brothers wholesale catalog, the new ad featured only Target, Pulled Loop and Spiralex -- and no #1013-R.
A testament to #1013-R carnival vases' scarcity is the fact that no photographs of the vases appear in such frequently used resources as David Doty's 1998 field guide and Warman's Carnival Glass, which are comprehensive in their documentation of known carnival. Nor are photographs of #1013-R vases found in either of the two most authoritative books issued on Dugan & Diamond to date -- William Heacock's Dugan/Diamond: The Story of Indiana, Pennsylvania, Glass, and Carl O. Burns' Dugan & Diamond Carnival Glass. The only photographs of the vase we have been able to trace are the two shown at David Doty's website, at ddoty.com/tenthirteenr.html. (A photograph of a possibly misidentified marigold vase identified as an #1013-R does appear in the Standard Encyclopedia of Carnival Glass, 11th ed. at p. 86, but the photograph lacks detail and features a vase that looks substantially different from the #1013-R vases in Butler Brothers ads and at Doty's website.)
Despite the documented rarity of carnival #1013-R vases made by the Dugan Glass Co., iridescent vases frequently turn up on E-Bay listed under the name "1013-R". The overwhelming majority of these have been misidentified. The purpose of this guide is to help buyers distinguish Dugan's rare #1013-R vase from more common carnival vases.
Identifying Characteristics of
Dugan's Opalescent #1013 and #1013-R Vases
A green opalescent Dugan #1013 vase (left)
with a peach opal carnival Dugan #1013-R vase (right)
photos by gailcat1 (left) and curculiiosglass
Opalescent Ten-Thirteen and carnival Ten-Thirteen-R vases are identical in design and share three identifying characteristics. Both have (1) 6 wide panels and 6 ribs; and (2) jagged, toothed flame points like those found on Dugan's Target vases; and (3) bases that are impressed with 36-point stars or 40-point stars. The bases impressed with 36-point stars are approximately 3 3/4" in diameter; those with 40-point stars are approximately 3" in diameter.
Information on more specific characteristics of opalescent #1013 vases (such as color, height and shape variations) can be found in Part III of this guide. The rest of this page, however, focuses on other qualities of carnival #1013-R vases that will help you in identifying them.
Details showing the jagged flame points of a carnival #1013-R vase (left);
and a photograph of the 36-point star on the 3 3/4" base of a #1013-R vase (right).
photos courtesy of curculiosglass
Typical heights of carnival 1013-R vases: The heights of previously documented #1013 R-vases range from 7 3/4 " to just under 11 1/2" tall. In July and November, 2008, peach opalescent 1013-R vases measuring 11 3/4" high and 13 1/4" high respectively appeared on E-Bay. These are currently the tallest #1013-R vases we've seen. Both vases have bases that are approximately 3 3/4" in diameter and bear 36-point stars. The 11 3/4" vase was found in Nova Scotia by Canadian E-Bayer mygrandmascards. A photograph of the 13 1/4" vase is shown below beside a vase of more typical height:
Two peach opal #1013-R vases: the vase at left is 9 1/2" in height.
The vase at right, standing 13 1/4", is the tallest documented #1013-R vase.
photo courtesy of curculiosglass
Typical colors of carnival 1013-R vases. 1013-R vases are found most often in peach opal. In the old trade journal ad shown near the top of this page, the #1013-R vase featured is described as part of Dugan's "Pearl Iris" collection -- and, according to Carl O. Burns in Dugan & Diamond Carnival Glass 1909-1931, p, 15, "Pearl Iris" is the name Dugan gave to the color now known as peach opal. As shown above, peach opal vases run from a rich rust-orange to a more washed-out pale peach. Documented examples of 1013-R vases also have surfaced in blue and marigold. (The SEOG lists 1013-R vases in amethyst as well, but this may be an error.) An example of a blue vase is featured at David Doty's website; the vase is also decorated with lettering that says "Fair 16" and "G" (ddoty.com/tenthirteenr.html).
Vases Frequently Confused with Dugan's #1013-R
The vase shown here is frequently misidentified as a Dugan #1013-R.
This vase is featured in Part II of of this guide.
photo by curculiosglass
Three vases are commonly mistaken for carnival #1013-R vases: Morning Glory vases made by the Imperial Glass Company; Thin Rib vases made by Northwood; and a third carnival vase of uncertain identity that often appears on E-Bay listed as a 1013-R -- this third "mystery vase" is shown above, and is the subject of Part II of our guide.
Imperial Morning Glory Vases. Morning Glory vases feature ribs separated by panels that terminate at the bottom in drape-like U-shaped curves. Although the taller sizes of Morning Glory vases have 8 ribs, the smallest Morning Glory vases sport 6 ribs like the #1013-R vase. However, the small 6-ribbed Imperial vase can be distinguished on two grounds. First, it lacks the jagged, toothed flame points that characterize Dugan's #1013-R vase. Second, the Morning Glory vase does not have a 36- to 40-point star on its base. Pictures of Morning Glory vases can be found at David Doty's website (ddoty.com/morngloryvas.html).
Northwood's Thin Rib. Northwood's Thin Rib vases come in many sizes and variations, and occasionally appear with pronounced tips that flare out somewhat and appear pointed, a little like the tips of Dugan #1013-R. Northwood's Thin & Wide Rib vases are easily distinguished, because all Thin & Wide Rib vases have either 8 or 9 ribs -- as noted, #1013-R vases always have 6 ribs, and 6 flame points. Examples of Thin Rib vases can be seen at David Doty's website (at ddoty.com/thinrib.html).
To read other parts of this guide, click on the links in the Table of Contents below.
GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Many thanks to E-Bayers gailcat1 and joy2own! for their photographs of opalescent #1013 vases appearing in the three parts of this guide. All other photos are by curculiosglass. Rights to the photographs belong to the photographers, and photographs should not be used without their permission. Text is (c) 2007, 2009 curculiosglass, all rights reserved. To locate any E-Bay seller mentioned here, just click on "Site Map" at the bottom of your E-Bay screen, and then click on "Feedback Forum" at the right top corner of the large menu that pops up. Type or copy the seller's name into the Feedback Forum's search blank. Further information on the Dugan Glass Company, and additional photographs of Dugan's opalescent vases, can be found in our guide on Dugan vases. To access our other guides, just click here: GUIDE INDEX. If you found this guide helpful, please leave feedback by clicking the button at the bottom of the page. This allows other E-Bayers to find the guide more easily.