There is much confusion about the proper terms that should be used to identify certain decoration styles on Nippon era and other Japanese porcelain. Because of this, many buyers are disappointed when they receive their items. Additionally, the practice of misidentifying items devalues the market. Some common terms that are often used incorrectly are Coraline, Moriage, Enamel, Jeweling, Flow Blue (when refering to Cobalt) and Beading. My hope is that this guide will help both sellers and buyers in knowing what they are selling and buying.
Coralene: Briefly, Coralene was invented and patented to Alban Rock. It involves the fusing of hundreds of glass beads to porcelain. The designs made were generally floral and this technique makes the decoration look raised and 'puffy'. Looking thru a loop or magnifying glass, you will see the hundreds or thousands of spherical beads used on the items. The effect is absolutely gorgeous. When photographed with flash, the decoration will bounce back the light.
Coralene without flash Coralene with flash
Moriage: This decoration is the application of liquified clay that can be found in many colors but white is most found. The decoration has the appearance of dried cake frosting (term used by Joan VanPatten) has a raised appearance and is matte, NOT shiny. It has a completely different feel and texture from enamel. Moriage will have a slightly rough feel and will not feel slick and smooth like enameling does.
Enameling & Jeweling: Also gives the decoration a raised appearance and dimension. Enamel is shiny and slick to the touch. It is a type of material composed of colored glass. Jeweling is also done with enamel and adds a very rich and attractive touch to items.
Enamel Beading: The application of small dots of enamel is called beading. This will also have a raised feel to the touch and ads texture and dimension. There were many colors used. Gold was used the most.
Cobalt Blue and Gold: A combination that is very sought after. Cobalt Blue is the correct word to use on these items, NOT Flow Blue which is a completely different design and process. I have never seen a piece decorated with cobalt blue that is not also adorned with gold beading, gold paint or gold overlay. The contrast is stunning and beautiful.
Of course, these are only a few of the many decorations found on Nippon era and Japanese porcelain, but the discussed terms seem to be the most confused. I hope that this information was helpful. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.