Roman Republic Silver & Bronze Ancient Coins Reference Guide

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Guide to Collecting ancient Roman Republic Coins

The Roman Republic issued an amazing series of ancient coins. Especially the silver denarius coins. The Republic silver coins are split into three time periods. First it starts with the pre-denarius coinage. Then it moves on to anonymous ancient coins. The last phase of the silver coins of the Roman republic is arranged by Gens names in alphabetical order, whose job was to be in charge of minting coins as moneyers. For the most complete listing of the silver coins of the Roman Republic, the Reference book called Roman Silver Coins and Their Values Volume I by David R Sear.
This guide lists all of the Roman Republic Silver coins in alpha-numberical order as they are given in the reference work above. This will give you the chance to become familiar with these types of coins and learn to appreciate the beauty of these coin types as you scroll through this list.
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Roman Republic vs HANNIBAL of Carthage Punic War Time Ancient Silver Coin i52196

Roman Republic Anonymous moneyer
Silver Victoriatus 16mm (1.59 grams) Rome mint, 211-210 B.C.
Reference: Anonymous 36i; B.M.C. Italy, 232; Syd. 117; Craw. 103/1
Laureate head of Jupiter right.
Victory right crowning trophy with laurel wreath; ROMA below; MT monogram in field between.

The victoriatus was a silver Roman coin, first struck in the 3rd Century B.C. during the time of Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) against Hannibal. It got it's name from the depiction of Victory crowning a trophy on the reverse.
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Roman Republic Anonymous 115BC Rome SHE-WOLF Twins Ancient Silver Coin

Roman Republic Anonymous
Silver Denarius 21mm (3.15 grams) Rome mint: 115-114 B.C.
Reference: Anonymous 176; B.M.C., Italy 562; Syd. 530; Craw. 287/1
Head of Roma right, X behind, ROMA below.
Roma seated r. on shields, left foot over helmet, holding spear in left hand; on either side, a bird; before her, she-wolf with twins

The reverse type is a reference to the legendary tradition describing the foundations of Rome. Roma is seated observing the wolf suckling Romulus and Remus with birds flying on either side. In the literary tradition, a woodpecker (picus) brought nourishment to the twins, and it is quite certain that this is the type of bird represented here, even though it was quite often that the woodpecker was often represented by other birds such as eagles and ravens in Roman art.
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Roman Republic 43BC Ancient Silver Coin Acca Larentia Nymphs Lares i52188

Roman Republic  P. Accoleius Lariscolus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.95 grams) Rome mint, circa 43 B.C.
Reference:   Accoleia 1; B.M.C. 4211; Syd. 1148; Craw. 486/1
P . ACCOLEIVS LARISCOLVS, bust of Acca Larentia right. 
Three statues of the Nymphae Querauetulanae standing facing supporting  beam on which trees.
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Roman Republic 49BC > Physician Doctor of Rome Salus Ancient Silver Coin i52500

Roman Republic Man. Acilius Glabrio moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.59 grams) Rome mint: 49 B.C.
Reference: Acilia 8; B.M.C. 3944; Syd. 922; Craw. 442/1a
Laureate head of Salus right, SALVTIS upwards behind.
MN.ACILIVS III VIR. VALETV, Valetudo (Salus) standing left, leaning against
column and holding serpent.

Salus, meaning health was the daughter of Asclepius, the ancient god of medicine. It is customary to say the word "Salut" or drink to health in many cultures into modern times. Her Greek equivalent was Hygeia, which is the root of the English word for hygiene, as well as many other Romance languages. The Acilia gens claimed to have brought the first physician to Rome, and therefore used the representation of health as Salus on their coins.
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Pompey the Great General Beats Aretas III Nabatean King Silver Roman Coin i46389

Roman Republic M. Aemilius Scaurus and Pub. Plautius Hypsaeus moneyer
 Silver Denarius 18mm (4.01 grams) Rome mint at Rome 58 B.C.
Reference: Aemilia 8; B.M.C. 3878; Syd. 913; Craw. 422/lb; Hendin 1443
M . SCAVR / AED CVR above king Aretas kneeling beside a camel r., EX on ,
S . C on right, REX ARETAS in exergue.
HYPSAE (vs) / AED CVR above Jupiter in quadriga left, CAPTVM on right,
c. HYPSAEVS cos PREIV (ER) in ex. scorpion below horses.

This coin commemorated the victory over Aretas III by Pompey the Great's general, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus. King Aretas III was an ally and supported John Hyrcanus II in war against his brother, Aristobulus II. Upon defeat, King Aretas had to pay a massive sum of 300 talents as a fine to Pompey the Great. M. Aemilius and Pub. Plautius were curule aediles together in 58 B.C. It is interesting to note that this is one of the earliest types that had the moneyer commemorate their own accomplishments on a coin.

"Aristobulus was not able to make resistance, but was deserted in his first onset, and was driven to Jerusalem: he also had been taken at first by force, if Scaurus, the Roman general, had not come and seasonably interposed himself and raised the siege." (Josephus, Wars, 1, VI:2)
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Roman Republic 62BC Conquest of MACEDONIA Perseus Triumph Silver Coin i52200

Roman Republic L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.52 grams) Rome mint: 62 B.C.
Reference: Aemilia 10; B.M.C. 3373; Syd. 926; Craw. 415/1
Veiled and diademed head of Concord right, PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA around.
TER above trophy, L. Aemilius Paullus on right, Perseus and his two sons as prisoners on left, PAVLLVS in exergue.

 In 168 B.C., L. Aemilius Paullus achieved a great victory over the Macedonians, and effectively ended the kingdom.  He brought the last king of Macedonia, Perseus and his sons to Rome, adorning his triumph. The senate awarded him the cognomen of Mcedonicus.
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Roman Republic Sulla Time Anna Perenna Dido Sister Silver Ancient Coin i46695

Roman Republic C. Annius T.f. T.n. with L. Fabius L.f. Hispaniensis moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.64 grams) mint of North-Italy and Spain, circa 82-81 B.C.
Reference: Annia 2a; B.M.C. Spain 1-12; Syd. 748; Craw. 366/1a
C·ANNI·T·F·T·N·PRO·COS· EX·S·C Diademed and draped bust of Anna Perenna right; behind, caduceus, before, scales and below, sword.
Victory in quadriga right, holding reins and palm branch; above horses, Q.; L·FABI·L·F·HISP in exergue.

Sister of Dido, Anna Perenna was worshipped as a rustic deity in Italy and it may be possible that this gens claimed decent from her. This coin was struck around the time of the dictator Sulla.
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Roman Republic 146BC Dioscuri Gemini Twins Horses Dog Ancient Silver Coin i52193

Roman Republic C. Antestius moneyer
Silver Denarius 16mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint, circa 146 B.C.
Reference: Antestia 1; B.M.C. 850; Syd. 411; Craw. 219/1e
Head of Roma right, X below chin, C . ANTESTI behind.
The Dioscuri right, dog running right, with both fore-feet raised, below horses, ROMA in exergue.
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Roman Republic 83BC Jupiter Victory Chariot Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49833

Roman Republic Q. Antonius Balbus Moneyer
Serrate Silver Denarius 20mm (3.26 grams) Rome mint: 83-82 B.C.
Reference: Antonia 1a; B.M.C. 2730-36; Syd. 742; Craw. 364/1b
Laureate head of Jupiter right, S . C behind.
Victory in quadriga right,  letter below horses, Q . ANTO . BALB / PR in exergue.
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Roman Republic Man. Aquillius Sicily Victory 71BC Virtus Ancient Coin i47259

Roman Republic Mn. Aquillius Mn.f. Mn.n moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.74 grams) Rome mint, circa 71 B.C.
Reference: Aquillia 2; B.M.C. 3364-9; Syd. 798; Craw. 401/1
VIRTVS III . VIR, helmeted bust of Virtus right.
MN . AQVIL . MN . F . MN . N, the consul Man. Aquillius raising Sicilia, SICIL in exergue.
> This coin refers to the victories in Sicily of Man. Aquillius (consul B.C. 101) and to the exceptional valor which he displayed in that war. 
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Roman Republic 105BC VULCAN Hephaestus Eagle Original Ancient Silver Coin i52250

Roman Republic M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.38 grams) Rome mint, circa 105 B.C.
Reference: Aurelia 21b; B.M.C. 1305-11; Syd. 577a; Craw. 314/1c
Draped bust of Vulcan right, wearing laureate pileus, tongs and star behind; all within myrtle-wreath.
Eagle on thunderbolt right, L . COT below; all in laurel-wreath; letter in field to right.

Vulcan was the divinity of the forge, and therefore he symbolizes the striking of coins. The Romans identified him with the Greek smith-god Hephaestus. The tongs behind his head signify what was used to bring a super-heated piece or metal to be struck by a set of dies, or perhaps another piece of metal for forging into things like a tool or weapon. 
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Roman Republic 130BC Caecilius Metellus Ancient Silver Roman Coin Jupiter i52197

Roman Republic Q. Caecilius Metellus moneyer
 Silver Denarius 18mm (3.86 grams) Rome mint, circa 130 B.C.
 Reference: Caecilia 21; B.M.C. 1053; Syd. 509; Craw. 256/1
 Head of Roma right, Q . ME TE behind, star below chin.
 Jupiter in walking quadriga right, ROMA in exergue.
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127BC Roman Republic MACEDONIA Elephant Shield Ancient Silver Coin i52198

Roman Republic M. Caecilius Q.f. Q.n. Metellus moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.78 grams) Rome mint, circa 127 B.C.
Reference:   Caecilia 29a; B.M.C. 1147; Syd. 480a; Craw. 263/1b
Head of Roma right, ROMA downward behind, star below chin. 
M. METELLVS. Q . F around Macedonian shield with elephant's head at center; all  within laurel wreath.
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Roman Republic Sulla Imperator METELLUS PIUS Elephant Stork Silver Coin i46383

Roman Republic Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius as Imperator
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.56 grams) Spain mint: 81 B.C.
Reference: Caecilia 43; B.M.C. Spain 43; Craw. 374/1
Diademed head of Pietas right, stork before.
Elephant walking left, Q . C . M . P . I . in exergue.
> Metellus received the title of Pius when he besought the Roman people to bring his father back from banishment and therefore on the obverse you have Pietas (Piety) goddess. Metellus Pius became Imperator while campaigning for Sulla. Sulla was dictator circa 82-81 B.C. Metellus became Pontifex Maximus in 81 B.C. 
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Roman Republic Q Cassius Longinus 55BC Eagle Eventus Ancient Silver Coin i46299

Roman Republic Q. Cassius Longinus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.74 grams) Rome mint, circa 55 B.C.
Reference: Cassia 7; B.M.C. 3868; Syd. 916; Craw. 428/3
Head of Bonus Eventus right, scepter behind.
Eagle right on thunderbolt between lituus and capis, Q . CASSIVS below.
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Roman Republic 63BC Vesta Voting Scene Casting Ballot Ancient Silver Coin i52539

Roman Republic L. Cassius Longinus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.50 grams) Rome mint, circa 63 B.C.
Reference: Cassia 10; B.M.C. 3929-36; Syd. 935; Craw. 413/1
Draped bust of Vesta veiled left, kylix behind, letter before.
Male figure left, dropping tablet inscribed V (Uti rogas) into a cista, LONGIN III V behind.

C. Cassius, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar was the older brother of this moneyer, L. Cassius Longinus. The reverse of this coin commemorated the passing of the Lex Cassia tabellaria, which was law that related to the method of voting proposed by an ancestor of the moneyer, L. Cassius Ravilla in 137 B.C. A tablet marked with V was a method used in Rome to cast a favorable vote on a piece of legislation. The obverse with the head of Vesta related to a 113 B.C. case over which L. Cassius Ravilla presided over a case dealing with a case of three Vestal virgins, where two of them were condemned to death.
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Roman Republic 42BC Apollo Lyre Diana as Moon Torches Ancient Silver Coin i52186

Roman Republic P. Clodius M. f. Turrinus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.79 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome 42 B.C.
Reference: Claudia 15; B.M.C. 4290; Syd. 1117; Craw. 494/23 -
Laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind.
Diana Lucifera standing facing holding two long torches, bow and quiver on her shoulder, P . CLODIVS on right, M . F . on left. 

Diana Lucifera, the bringer of light. In exchanging the bow and arrow for the torch, allusion is made here to her other titles and qualities, as Lucifera, or as Luna (moon), whose light being borrowed from the Sun, she was styled his sister. 
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Roman Republic Julius Caesar Family Venus Silver Ancient Coin CONSIDIA 7 i45466

Roman Republic C. Considius Paetus moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.60 grams) Rome mint, circa 46 B.C.
Reference: Considia 7; B.M.C. 4090; Syd. 993; Craw. 465/4
PAETI behind head of Venus left, diademed and laureate. 
Victory in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm, C . CONSIDI in exergue.
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Roman Republic 46BC Silver Coin Julius Caesar Family Gemini Venus Cult i28585

Roman Republic - Mn. Cordius Rufus moneyer, which may refer to the Julius Caesar family
Silver Denarius (21mm, 3.65 gm.) Rome mint: 46 B.C. 
Reference: Cordia 1; S-440.Cr463/1. Syd 976. RSC-(Cordia)-1. 
Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star, RVFVS III VIR behind and below. MN . CORDIVS behind Venus Verticordia standing left, holding scales & scepter, Cupid on her shoulder.
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Roman Republic POMPEY the GREAT Troops Paymaster Silver Ancient Coin i45462

Roman Republic Cn. Lentulus moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.49 grams) Spain mint: 76-75 B.C.
Reference: Cornelia 54; B.M.C., Spain, 52; Syd. 752; Craw. 393/1a
G . P . R . above diademed bust of the Genius of the Roman people draped bright, scepter on shoulder.
EX S.C. divided by terrestrial globe between rudder and scepter, CN . LEN . Q below.
This moneyer was the paymaster to the troops of Pompey the Great in Spain when he struck this coin.
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Roman Republic Rome 75BC Roma Liberty Venus Cupid Ancient Silver Coin i52503

Roman Republic Cn. Egnatius Cn. f. Cn. n. Maxsumus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.31 grams) Rome mint:, circa 75 B.C.
Reference: Egnatia 2; B.M.C. 3285-92; Syd. 787; Craw. 391/3
Diademed bust of Liberty draped right, cap of liberty and MAXSVMVS behind.
Roma and Venus standing facing, the latter caressed by Cupid, oar on prow either side, C . EGNATIVS CN . F in exergue, CN . N on right, letter on left.

Of Samnite origin, it appears that this gens has moved to Rome only after the Social war. The moneyer was a man of disreputable character who was admitted into the Senate and later expelled from it. There is no information as to how the design relates to this gens. Libertas, the goddess of Liberty had a temple in her honor. Also the goddess of Rome, Roma was worshipped, along with Venus, each having their own temples, as Rome being polytheistic. It seems there significance that can be drawn from this type is that the Romans loved liberty, love and their city via the personifications of each.
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Roman Republic Maxsumus RARE Silver Coin Cupid Eros Jupiter Cult Temple i34394

Roman Republic Cn. Egnatius Cn. f. Cn. n. Maxsumus moneyer 
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.35 grams) Rome mint: 75 B.C. 
Reference: Egnatia 3; B.M.C. 3276-84; Syd. 788; Craw. 391/2
Bust of Cupid right, bow and quiver on shoulder, MAXSVMVS behind.
Jupiter and Liberty within distyle temple, C . EGNATIVS CN . F . in exergue, CN . N . on 
right, number on left. 
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Roman Republic 102BC Cybele Victory Chariot Stork Ancient Silver Coin i52199

Roman Republic C. Fabius C.f. Hadrianus moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Rome mint, circa 102 B.C.
Reference: Fabia 15; B.M.C. 1581-90; SYd. 589; Craw. 322/1
Veiled and turreted head of Cybele right, Greek letter behind.
Victory in biga right, stork before, C . FABI . C . F in exergue.

The legend (EX A PV) "Ex argento publico" (on Fabia 14 obverse, which this one is a variant of) shows that this type was an exceptional one and that the bullion for it was taken out of the public treasury.
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Roman Republic Fonteia GAUL VICTORY HORSE Warrior Mars 55BC Silver Coin i46291

Authentic Ancient Coin of: Roman Republic P. Fonteius P. f. Capito moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.87 grams) Rome mint: 55 B.C.
Reference: Fonteia 17; B.M.C. 3851; Syd. 900; Craw. 429/1
P. FONTEIVS . P . CAPITO . III . VIR, bust of Mars right, trophy behind.
MN . FONT . TR . MIL above warrior on horseback thrusting his spear at Gaulish enemy who is about to slay a third combatant who is unarmed, helmet and oval shield below on right.
> The exploits of Mn. Fonteius are recorded on this type who was governor of Narbonese Gaul between B.C. 76-73.
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Roman Republic Furius Purpurio 169BC Murex Roma Luna Chariot Silver Coin i46536

Roman Republic Furius Purpurio moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.78 grams) Rome mint, circa 169-158 B.C.
Reference: Furia 13; B.M.C., Italy 420; Syd. 424; Craw. 187/1
Head of Roma right, X behind.
Diana or Luna in biga (two horse chariot) right, PVR below horses, murex above, ROMA in exergue.

Purple dye for clothing was obtained from the sea creature called the murex, and the therefore it's symbol on this coin is a punning allusion to the cognomen.
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Roman Republic Rome 119BC Janus Roma Trophy Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i52501

Roman Republic M. Furius L. f. Philus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.77 grams) Rome mint, circa 119 B.C.
Reference: Furia 18; B.M.C., Italy 555; Syd. 529; Craw. 281/1
M . FOVRI . L . F around laureate head of Janus.
Roma standing left erecting trophy, ROMA on right, PHLI in exergue.

This coin celebrates very important deities to the Roman people. Janus had a temple in Rome, whose doors would be closed in times of peace. Roma was a personification of Rome, and the entire Roman state as whole, and had a temple to her worship. Roma crowns a trophy which is a symbol of victory. Trophies would be made of captured arms of vanquished foes.
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Roman Republic 63BC Ceres Curule Chair Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49835

Roman Republic L. Furius Cn. f. Brocchus moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.88 grams) Rome mint: 63 B.C.
Reference: Furia 23; B.M.C. 3896; Syd. 902; Craw. 414/1
Bust of Ceres right between wheat-ear and barley-corn, III VIR across field, BROCCHI below.
Curule chair between fasces, L . FVRI / CN . F above. 
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Roman Republic 68BC Diana Artemis Calydonian Boar Dog Ancient Silver Coin i52529

Roman Republic C. Hosidius C. f. Geta moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.67 grams) Rome mint, circa 68 B.C.
Reference: Hosidia 1; B.M.C. 903; Syd. 407/2
Diademed head of Diana (Artemis) draped right, bow and quiver at her shoulder, GETA before, III VIR behind.
The wild boar of Calydon right, pierced by spear and attacked by dog; C HOSIDI C F in exergue.

According to mythology, due to the neglect shown by King Oeneus, Diana sent the wild Calydonian boar to the ravage the lands of Aetolia as revenge.
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JULIUS CAESAR Gallic War Victory SIEGE OF MASSILIA Silver Roman Coin i49084

Roman Republic L. Hostilius Saserna moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.56 grams) Rome mint, circa 48 B.C.
Reference: Hostilia 4; B.M.C. 3996; Syd. 953; Craw. 448/3
Head of Gallia right, hair long and disheveled, Gallic trumpet (carnyx) behind.
L . HOSTILIVS SASERNA, Diana (Artemis) of Ephesus standing facing, holding stag leaping left by its antlers and spear.

This coin may be referencing the siege of Massilia by Julius Caesar, as the cult of Diana was especially honored there. The obverse refers Julius Caesar's campaigns in Gaul and possibly including his victory over Veringetorix. 
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Roman Republic JULIUS CAESAR Family Mark Antony Grandpa Silver Coin Venus i46293

Roman Republic L. Julius L. f. Caesar moneyer
Silver Denarius 16mm (3.87 grams) Rome mint, circa 103 B.C.
Reference: Julia 4; B.M.C. 1405, esc.; Syd. 593; Craw. 320/1
Head of Mars left, CAESAR behind, letter and dots above.
Venus Genetrix in biga left, drawn by two Cupids, before them lyre, letter and dots above, L . IVLI . L . F in exergue.
Family member of Caesar the dictator. Grandfather of Mark Antony. The Julia gens claimed it's decent from Venus herself.
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Roman Republic Julius Bursio 85BC Chariot Silver Coin Apollo Vejovis i46706

Roman Republic L. Julius Bursio moneyer
Silver Denarius 21mm (4.03 grams) Rome mint: 85 B.C.
Reference: Julia 5b; B.M.C. 2549-96; Syd. 728c,d,e; Craw. 352/1c
Bust of Apollo Vejovis right, laureate and winged, trident and symbol behind.
Victory in four-horse chariot quadriga right; two letters above; L . IVLI . BVRSIO in exergue.
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Brutus - Julius Caesar Assassin 54BC Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin i52151

Roman Republic Q. Caepio Brutus Moneyer
better known as Marcus Junius Brutus
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.94 grams) Rome mint: 54 B.C.
Reference: Junia 31; RRC 433/1; BMCRR Roma 3861; Sydenham 906, Catalli 2001, 618
 Head of Libertas right; behind, LIBERTAS. 
L. Iunius Brutus, consul of 509 B.C., walking left, between two lictors and preceded by an accensus; in  exergue BRVTVS.
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Roman Republic 42BC Praetor Livineius Regulus Modius Praefect Silver Coin i52185

Roman Republic L. Livineius Regulus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.54 grams) Rome mint, circa 42 B.C.
Reference: Livineia 13; B.M.C. 4269; Syd. 1111; Craw. 494/29
The head of the praetor, L . Livineius Regulus.
L . LIVINEIVS above modius between two ears of corn, REGVLVS in exergue.

This coin was issued in honor of the moneyer's father being appointed as praetor and his own appointment as the praefectus Urbi. The public spectacles which included celebrations, at which combats with wild animals took place were under the direction of the praefects of the city of Rome. 
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Roman Republic M. Lucilius Rufus 101BC Rome Victory Chariot Silver Coin i46386

Roman Republic M. Lucilius Rufus moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.97 grams) Rome mint, circa 101 B.C.
Reference: Lucilia 1; B.M.C. 1613; Syd. 599; Craw. 324/1
PV behind head of Roma right, within laurel-wreath.
RVF above Victory in biga (2 horse chariot) right, M . LVCILI in exergue.
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Roman Republic 81BC Certes and Ploughman Oxen Ancient Silver Roman Coin i51145

Roman Republic C. Marius C. f. Capito moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.60 grams) Rome mint: 81 B.C.
Reference: Maria 9; B.M.C. 2855-90; Syd. 744b; Craw. 378/1c
CAPIT . C VIII, draped bust of Ceres right, head bound with corn-wreath, lyre before.
Husbandman left, plowing with yoke of oxen, C . MARI . C . F / S . C . in exergue.
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Venus in Chariot with Cupid 106BC Ancient Silver Roman Republic Coin i41974

Roman Republic L. Memmius Galeria moneyer 
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.80 grams) Rome mint, circa 106 B.C. 
Reference: Memmia 2; B.M.C. 1329-46; Syd. 574; Craw. 313/1b
Laureate head of Saturn left, letter or letter and dot below chin, harpa and ROMA behind.
Venus in biga right, Cupid flies above, L . MEMMI / GAL in exergue.

Venus was the tutelary divinity of the Memmia gens.
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Roman Republic 79BC Venus GREEK WAR CHARIOT Original Ancient Silver Coin i49076

Roman Republic C. Naevius Balbus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.50 grams) Rome mint: 79 B.C.
Reference: Naevia 6; B.M.C. 2926-76; Syd. 769b; Craw. 382/1b
Diademed head of Venus right, S.C. behind.
Victory in triga right, number above, C . NAE . BALB in exergue.

One of few times that the triga, three-horse war chariot is depicted on coins, as it is a type of chariot borrowed from the Greeks.
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Roman Republic Saturn Temple Treasury Pompey the Great Party Silver Coin i52537

Roman Republic Cn. Nerius moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.45 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome 49 B.C.
Reference: Neria 1; B.M.C. 3950; Syd. 937; Craw. 441/1
NERI . Q . VRB before head of bearded head of Saturn right, harpa over shoulder.
L . LENT C . MARC COS in field; legionary eagle between two standards inscribed H (Hastati) and P (Principes).

The Popeian party appointed Nerius as questor  urbanus in 49 B.C., and in virtue of this office, he struck this coin. When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon, he fled Rome with the other consuls to Sicily. The head of Saturn refers to the temple to the god, which was under special charge of the quastors urbani as the temple contained the public treasury. There is no doubt that this issue had military purposes, as the standards on this coin refer to the Roman army and the companies of Principes and Hastati, to which the Pompeian party looked especially to for support.
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Roman Republic C. Norbanus 83BC Rare Ancient Silver Coin VENUS Commerce i28514

Roman Republic C. Norbanus moneyer 
Silver Denarius (19mm, 3.80 gm.), Rome, 83 B.C. 
Reference: Norbana 2; B.M.C. 2770-2826; Syd. 739; Craw. 357/1b
Diademed head of Venus right, C . NORBANVS below, number behind.
Corn, fasces and caduceus.
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Roman Republic 55BC JUDAEA Jewish Reference Aristobulus II Silver Coin i49062

Roman Republic A. Plautius moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.72 grams) Rome mint: 55 B.C.
Reference: Plautia 13; Hendin 1442; B.M.C. 3916; Syd. 932; Craw. 431/1
Turreted head of Cybele right, A. PLAVTIVS before, AED . CVR . S.C. behind.
Bacchius kneels right, with camel at his side, extending olive-branch, BACCHIVS in exergue, IVDAEVS on right.
* Numismatic Note: This is a Jewish reference ancient Roman republican coin. This inscription IVDAEVS on the reverse refers to the subjugation of Judaea to the Romans. "Bacchius the Jew" is unknown to history at least by that name and is therefore an enigma to Jewish numismatics. According to popular opinion, this coin represents Aristobulus II who was ally of Aretas III, and celebrates his unsuccessful insurrection.

"Aristobulus was not able to make resistance, but was deserted in his first onset, and was driven to Jerusalem: he also had been taken at first by force, if Scaurus, the Roman general, had not come and seasonably interposed himself and raised the siege." (Josephus, Wars, 1, VI:2)
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Roman Republic Poblicia 6 96BC Mars Mallet Hero Warrior Silver Coin i46337

Roman Republic C. Malleolus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.77 grams) Rome mint, 96 B.C.
Reference: Poblicia 6; B.M.C., Italy 700-2; Syd. 615a; Craw. 335/3c-e
Head of Mars right, feather on helmet, mallet (malleolus) above, (star) below chin.
A warrior or hero standing left in front of trophy, foot on cuirass, prow and C . MAL upwards behind, a symbol above the prow.

The mallet on the obverse above the head of Mars is an interesting illustration of the pun of the moneyer's name.
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Roman Republic M. Cato 89BC Rome Ancient Silver Coin Female Victory i46303

Roman Republic M. Cato moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.88 grams) Rome mint, circa 89 B.C.
Reference: Porcia 5; B.M.C., Italy 657; Syd. 596; Craw. 343/1b
Female bust draped right, head bound with diadem, ROMA behind, M . CATO below.
Victory seated right, holding patera, VICTRIX in exergue.
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Roman Republic 89BC M. Cato Young Man Victory Quinarius Silver Roman Coin i52184

Roman Republic M. Cato moneyer
Silver Quinarius 13mm (1.91 grams) Rome mint, circa 89 B.C.
Reference: Porcia 7; B.M.C. 677-693; Syd. 597c; Craw. 343/2b
Young head right, crowned with ivy wreath, hair long, M . CATO behind.
Victory seated right, holding patera, VICTRIX in exergue.
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Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin i49085

Roman Republic Albinus Bruti f. moneyer
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.26 grams) Rome mint, 48 B.C.
Reference: Postumia 14; B.M.C. 3967-71; Syd. 943a; Craw. 450/3b
A . POSTVMIVS COS, bare head of the consul, Aulus Postumius Albinus right.
ALBINV BRVTI F in wreath.

Decimus Junius Brutus was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar in the conspiracy of 44 B.C. He was adopted by A. Postumius Albinus and joined his own name with that of his adoptive father. He should not be confused with the more famous M. Junius (or Q. Caepio) Brutus. This moneyer received many marks of praise from Julius Caesar when he served under him in Gaul. This coin features the portrait of the moneyer's adopted father. 
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Rome Republic 112BC HERCULES HORSE RAT Public Games Silver Roman Coin i48132

Roman Republic Ti. Quinctius moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.81 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome: 112-111 B.C.
Reference: Quinctia 6; B.M.C., Italy 566-584; Syd. 563; Craw. 297/1
Laureate bust of Hercules turned from spectator with head left, wearing lion's skin, club on shoulder.
Two horses left, the nearer ridden by laureate naked rider (desultor), TI Q divided by rat right below horses, DOS .S on tablet in exergue, letter and dot in field behind.This coin likely refers to public games like the ludi Apollinares in which a  rider with two horses would vault from one to the other at his pleasure.

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Roman Republic 138BC Roma Juno Goat Chariot Ancient Silver Rome Coin i49080

Roman Republic C. Renius moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.72 grams) Rome mint, circa 138 B.C.
Reference: Renia 1; B.M.C. 885; Syd. 432; Craw. 231/1
Head of Roma right, X behind.
Juno Caprotina in biga of goats right, C . RENI below goats, ROMA in exergue. 
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Roman Republic Rome 64BC Lanuvium Juno Temple Virgin Serpent Silver Coin i52518

Roman Republic L. Roscius Fabatus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.67 grams) Rome mint, circa 64 B.C.
Reference: Roscia 3; Craw. 412/1; Syd 915; B.M.C. 3394-3510
L. ROSCI below the head of Juno Sospita right, wearing goat's skin, symbol behind.
Female standing right feeding serpent erect before her, symbol behind, FABATI in exergue.

The reverse illustrates a ritual that happened every year at the Lanuvium festival that honored Juno Sospita. A virgin girl would descend into the grotto of the temple of Juno with food for the serpent who lived there. If the girl was truly chase, she returned home safely from her mission and there would be much rejoicing. If she was not, she would have been destroyed by the serpent. The symbols that are featured on this coin type have a direct relation to each other. Babelon illustrates 150 pairs of symbols.
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Roman Republic 101BC Rome Ancient Silver Coin Roma Jupiter in Chariot i52191

Roman Republic L. Sentius C. f. moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.86 grams) Rome mint, circa 101 B.C.
Reference: Sentia 1a; B.M.C. 1642-1650; Syd. 600a; Craw. 325/1a
Head of Roma right, ARG PVB behind.
Jupiter in quadriga right, letter above horses, L . SENTI . C . F . in exergue.
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Roman Republic Goddess of Fertility FESTIVAL Ancient Silver Coin Warriors i49086

Roman Republic C. Servilius C.f. moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.63 grams) Rome mint, circa 57 B.C.
Reference: Servilia 15; B.M.C. 3816; Syd. 890; Craw. 423/1
Head of Flora right, wearing wreath of flowers, lituus behind, FLORAL PRIMVS before.
Two warriors face to face with short swords upright, C . SERVEIL in exergue, C . F in field.

The reference on the obverse of the coin is to the institution of the Ludi Florales or Floralia which happened on the event of the dedication of the temple to Flora near the Circus Maximus in 240 B.C.
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105BC Roman Republic Juno Hera Protectress BULL Ancient Silver Coin i52091

Roman Republic L. Thorius Balbus moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.31 grams), Rome mint 105 B.C.
Reference:   Thoria 1; B.M.C. 1615-41; Syd. 598; Craw. 316/1
Head of Juno of Lanuvium right, wearing goat's skin, I . S . M . R (Juno Sispes  Mater Regina) behind.
Bull charging right, letter above, L . THORIVS below, BALBVS in exergue.
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Roman Republic 89BC Tarpeia BETRAYS Rome Sabine King Tatius Silver Coin i52502

Roman Republic L. Titurius L. f. Sabinus moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.97 grams) Rome mint: 89 B.C.
Reference: Tituria 4; B.M.C. 2328; Syd. 699; Craw. 344/2b
Head of king Tatius of the Sabines right, SABIN behind, palm before.
Tarpeia, facing, buried to her waist in shields, with raised hands she tries to thrust off two soldiers who are about to cast their shields at her, L . TITVRI in exergue.

This family traces back it's ancestry tot he Sabines, and perhaps even king Tatius of the Sabines himself. Tarpeia, was a virgin woman and a daughter of the commander of the citadel, Spurius Tarpeius, who lived during the period of Romulus' war with Tatius. Her love of gold was so great, that she approached the enemy camp and offered to betray the Romans and open the doors for what they wore on their left arms. The Sabines wore gold bracelets on their arms. So upon her betrayal of the Roman people, the enemy soldiers were so disgusted at the treachery of this woman, hurled their shields, which they bore in their left arms on her rather than the gold bracelets, which wound up crushing her to death. Then they took her body to the top of a rock from which they hurled it, which got her name, the Tarpeian Rock, and it became known as the location for the executions of Rome's most notorious traitors from then on.
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Roman Republic 45BC Valerius Acisculus APOLLO Virgin Bull Silver Coin i52187

Roman Republic M. Valerius Acisculus moneyer
Silver Denarius 18mm (4.09 grams) Rome mint, circa 45 B.C.
Reference: Valeria 17; B.M.C. 4099; Syd. 998; Craw. 474/1a
Head of Apollo Soranus right, ACISCVLVS and pick-axe (acisculus) behind, star above.
Valeria Luperca on the heifer right, holding veil, L . VALERIVS in exergue.
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Roman Republic Rome 130BC Roma Jupiter Chariot Ancient Silver Coin i52510

Roman Republic M. Vargunteius moneyer
Silver Denarius 20mm (3.57 grams) Rome mint, circa 130 B.C.
Reference: Vargunteia 1; B.M.C. 1068; Syd. 507; Craw. 257/1
Head of Roma right, M . VARG behind, star below chin.
Jupiter in walking quadriga right, ROMA in exergue.
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Roman Republic 90BC Pan Jupiter Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Rome Coin i49077

Roman Republic C. Vibius C. f. Pansa moneyer
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.71 grams) Rome mint: 90 B.C.
Reference: Vibia 18; B.M.C. 3978; Syd. 947; Craw. 449/1a -
PANSA below mask of Pan right.
C . VIBIVS C . F . C. N behind Jupiter Axurus seated left, IOVIS . AXVR before. 
Each item is guarantee d
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