How to Change the Strings on an Acoustic Guitar

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Tools

Before attempting to change the strings on an acoustic guitar, there are a few tools that would be helpful to use. Although you can change the strings with your bare hands, these tools are extremely helpful in the process.
1. You need a new set of strings (of course!)
2. A set of pliers, preferably needle-nosed
3. Wire cutters
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Removing Old Strings

Beginning with the low E string (the thickest), remove and replace one string at a time. Begin by unwinding the tuning peg toward the body of the guitar until there is enough slack so that you can easily pull the string out of the hole of the peg.
Once you have done that, use your pliers to pull the bridge pin for that string out of the bridge. When you have removed the bridge pin, simply remove the ball end of the string from the hole and discard the old string.

Note: At this point, many prefer to wipe down their guitar (with a polishing cloth) to remove dust and debris that is typically unable to be reached due to the placement of the strings.
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Securing New String in the Bridge

Uncoil the new string and place the ball end of the string about an inch or two down into the hole. As you slide the bridge pin back into place, make sure to align the notch in the bridge pin with the string and pull the string up lightly so that the ball slips into place. Once you think you've secured the ball end of the string, push the bridge pin back into place and give the string a little tug to ensure that it is appropriately secure.

Winding the New String

Turn the tuning peg until the hole is perpendicular to the neck of the guitar. Pull the string toward the headstock so that the majority of the slack is gone. At about one and a half inches past the peg you will be feeding the string through, crimp the string at a 90 degree angle so that the string points away from the guitar. Feed the string through the hole until it is stopped by its bend and then crimp the string again so that it points toward the top of the headstock.
As you begin tightening the string by turning the tuning peg away from the body of the guitar, be sure to create tension in the string to ensure that it lies in its notch in the nut and to prevent it from unraveling. When turning the tuning peg, make sure that the wrapped string passes over the end of the string protruding from the hole in the tuning peg. On the second wrap around (and each ensuing wrap), make sure that the wrapped string passes under the end of the string.

Tuning the Strings

After tightening the string, it is time to tune the string. For tuning, I recommend using a tuner to ensure that the pitches are correct. For additional help with tuning the guitar, I recommend visiting outside websites. I would include the website I prefer to use, but I cannot in eBay Guides.
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Trimming the Extra String

Once the string is tuned, you can trim off the excess string using the wire cutters. Be sure to leave about a quarter to a half of an inch of string.

Congratulations! You should be well on your way to restringing your acoustic guitar!
Just repeat for each string!
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