July 11, 2007
Q-V, What is Quilting, Quilts, Silks for Comforters, Bedspreads, Sheets? Luxury Home Bedding Definitions of Materials, Fabrics, Fibers for Sheets Sets, Duvet Sets, Bed Blankets, Pillowcases, Shams, Bedskirts, Beds & Mattresses for Sizes Queen, King, California King, Full, Twin. By Venus Rising Limited Specialty Italian Bedding.
What is Quilting or Quilts : A type of fabric construction in which a layer of either down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric, and then held in place through stitching or sealing in a consistent and all-over pattern. Examples of Quilting and Quilts include hand-sewn or handmade heirloom Quilts comprised of patchwork or Wedding Rings, or modern-made Quilts made by machine. Quilting is not limited to solely these items and also refers to Quilted Comforters or Comforter Sets where the Comforter itself as well as Matching Pillow Shams and even Bedskirts or Decorative Throw Pillows all include the Quilted pattern. Bedspread Sets and Bedspreads can also be Quilted, as can Luxury Throws and Throw Blankets for the Living Room. Down Bedding or Home Furnishings, such as Goose Down Comforters and Luxury Throws designed to be used on the Bed, in the Living Room, Office, Library, Den or even Kitchen Nook can also be Quilted and filled with Down. For Allergy-Sufferers, a faux Down Fiberfill is instead used in place of Goose or Duck Down Fill, Quilted within the Comforter or Throw. A faux appearance of quilting is created in Bedding or Fine Linens such Matelasse fabrics made of Egyptian Cotton or Pure Cotton, used to make Coverlets or Coverlet Sets, or even Bedspreads. Examples include Egyptian Cotton Coverlets, Coverlet sets, Shams and Bedskirts where the fabric is softly textured or puckered in appearance to produce the effect and appearance of quilting. These types of Bedding are an example of faux Quilts, which give the appearance of a Quilt and its puckered appearance without containing any fiberfill or fill. Quilting specifically involves the use of a fill in order to produce a three-dimensional look of the Bedding.
What is Ramie Fiber : A bast fiber that is similar to flax and derived from the stalk of a Chinese plant. Ramie often exists in blends and is used throughout Home Furnishings. Examples include Luxury Throws and Throw Blankets, Bed Blankets, Drapes and Draperies, Valances, Curtains and Decorative Throw Pillows for the Home. Ramie is not used in high-end Luxury Bedding such as Sheets, Sheet Sets, Duvet Covers or Duvet Sets where Pure Egyptian Cotton, Pure Pima Cotton or Pure Cotton are considered supreme in an unblended form.
What is Raschel Knit : A fabric that is warp-knitted and where the resulting knit produces the appearance of being hand-crocheted, or as a lace or netting. Such knits contain columns of stitches with the addition of inlaid, connecting yarns.
What is Rib Knit : A basic stitch used in weft knitting, where machines use two sets of needles operating at 90-degree angles to one other. Rib knits provide an extremely high degree of elasticity in the crosswise direction. Most often used for garments and bands for sleeves, necks and waistbands however occasionally used in Bedding or as trim for Home Furnishings in relation to Bed Blankets, Throws or Throw Blankets.
What is Rib Weave : A plain-weave variation that is formed one of three ways: heavyweight yarns in the direction of the warp or filling, a substantially increased amount of yarns in one direction than the other, or multiple yarns grouped together as one. Characterizations include a slight ridge effect in one direction, which is typically the filling. For Home Furnishings or Luxury Bedding, examples of use include Shantungs, Taffetas or Cord Fabrics. The fabric may be either used as the main fabric or trim for Luxury Bedding or Decorating Fabrics inclusive of Duvets or Duvet Sets, Quilted Comforters or Comforter Sets, Bedspread or Bedspread Sets, Bedskirts, Drapes, Quilted Luxury Throws, Draperies or Curtains and Accessory or Decorative Throw Pillows.
What is Rayon Fiber : A manufactured fiber that is widely used throughout Home Furnishings for Interior Design and composed of regenerated cellulose that is derived from wood pulp, Cotton linters or a vegetable matter. Rayon is now referred to by its name for the manufacturing process used, with the two most commonly used production methods being Cuprammonium or Viscose. Rayon is used substantially throughout the Home for Decorating, not just in the Bedroom but also in nearly every other room including the Living Room, Dining Room, Kitchen, Home Office, Den, Library, Nursery or Kids’ Rooms and Bathrooms. For the bed, Rayon can be blended with natural fiber such as Cotton and used as a main fabric or trim for all types of Luxury Bedding items including Sheets and Sheet Sets, Pillowcases, Duvet Sets and Duvets, Comforter Covers, Pillow Shams, Comforters and Comforter Sets, Coverlets and Coverlet Sets, Bedskirts, Decorative Throw Pillows for the Bed, Drapes or Draperies, fabric exteriors for Goose Down Comforters or Specialty Comforters, Curtains and Valances. Rayon may also be used and can be blended or trim pieces for all Bath Accessories, Furnishings and Bathroom Specialty Items including Mens’ and Womens’ Lounge Robes, After-Bath Robes or Bathrobes, even Childrens’ and Kids’ Robes. Towelling for the Bath or Shower including Large Bath Towels, Hand Towels and Washcloths can be trimmed in Rayon or blended Rayon. In fact, the sheen of Rayon makes it extremely popular for Egyptian Cotton Luxury Towels or Turkish Cotton Towels that are banded or contain trim of Rayon for a beautiful, glistening accent. Specialty Towels for the Kitchen can also include Rayon, although Linen, Cotton or Egyptian Cotton are far preferred for Kitchen use. The absorbency and fast drying time of Linen make it the ideal choice for dish-drying. Trimmed pieces for the Dining Room, including Table Runners and Napkins or even Chair Upholstery often includes Rayon. It is a popular fabric also used as trim throughout the Nursery Room or Kids’ Room, for Nursery Bedding and Bedding for a variety of ages from Infant, Toddler and Kids: uses include blends or Trim on Baby Sheets and Sheet Sets, Baby Duvets or Duvet Sets, Baby Comforters or Comforter Sets, Baby Spreads, Baby Blankets and Baby Quilts as well as Baby Pillowcases and Decorative Pillows for the Nursery. Rayon is also blended or used in major Home Furnishings including Carpets and Floor Rugs, Furniture Upholstery or as trim for all types of Home Decorating Items including Throw Pillows for the Living Room, Den, Library or Home Office and for Slipcovers or fabrics used for Couches, Sofas, Loveseats, Recliners or Chairs.
What is Repellency : The ability of a fabric to resist wetting or staining by water, stains or soiling. The natural fibers of Wools are naturally water-repellent and can additionally absorb up to 30% of their physical weight in water without compromising heat retention or feeling damp or clammy to the touch. This makes Wool an ideal fabric for Bed Blankets, Throws and Luxury Throws, where warmth and heat retention are key. Wools including Mongolian Cashmere or other Cashmeres, Superfine Merino Wool, Mohair or Angora can be used alone or in blended in combination with other Wools or Silk for phenomenal natural water-repellency and warmth. For the Bedroom, naturally water-repellent Luxury Bedding includes Pure Cashmere Bed Blankets, Pure Merino Wool Bed Blankets or blended to create Lambswool and Cashmere Bed Blankets, Cashmere and Merino Bed Blankets or Merino Wool and Silk Bed Blankets. For the Living Room, Study, Den, Library, Kitchen Nook or Office examples of water-repellent Home Furnishings include Wool Carpets or Wool Rugs or Luxury Throws such as Pure Cashmere Throw Blankets, Pure Merino Wool Throw Blankets or blended to create Cashmere and Merino Throws, Angora and Merino Wool Throw Blankets, Lambswool and Cashmere Throw Blankets, Merino Wool and Silk Throws or Mohair and Merino Wool Throw Blankets. Some of the most supreme Luxury Bedding and Throws are Made in Italy, producing a wide range of plain Wools or Wool blended Bed Blankets and Luxury Throws.
What is Resiliency : Fabric ability to return to its original shape after being wrinkled, crushed or twisted. Fabrics that offer high resiliency include all-natural fibers of Pure Superfine Australian Merino Wool and Superfine Australian Merino Wool blends including Silk and Wool, Cashmere and Wool and Pure Mongolian Cashmere blankets. Bed blankets and Living Room throws comprised of these Wool, Silk or Cashmere blends are incredibly resilient. In terms of Fine Linens, the most superior Egyptian Cotton Bedding, such as Sheeting or Sets Made in Italy and including Italian Sheet Sets, Italian Sheets, Italian Duvets, Italian Duvet Sets, Italian Pillow Shams, Italian Coverlets, Italian Coverlet Sets, Italian Pillow Cases, Italian Bedspreads and Italian Bedspread Sets tend to provide the best resiliency.
What is Saran Fiber : A manufactured fiber which offers excellent resistance to sun and weathering, most often used in Home Furnishings both Interior and Exterior. For Exterior Decorating, Saran is often used in lawn furniture and used for Furniture Upholstery and Floor Carpets for Home Interiors.
What is Sateen Egyptian Cotton, What is Sateen Pima Cotton or What is Sateen Cotton Fabric : A fabric made from yarns that carry a low luster, including Egyptian Cotton, Pima Cotton, Pure Cotton or other staple fibers. Sateen fabrics offer an extremely soft, smooth hand combined with a gentle and subtle luster that has a natural glow. Sateens are extremely smooth to the touch, offering a feeling of coolness, with Egyptian Cotton Sateens providing some of the absolute smoothest feel. Cotton fabrics for Sheets, Sheet Sets, Pillowcases, Duvet Sets and Duvets, Bedkskirts, Pillowcases, Pillow Shams, Decorative and Accessory Throw Pillows can have either a Sateen or Percale finish. While Percale finishes appear more matte or flat in appearance, Sateens offer a natural sheen or shine. Excellent Egyptian Cotton Sateens can be found in Specialty Sheets and Duvets from Europe, such as those Made in Italy and offering an extremely tight weave. For other Home Furnishings, Sateens may also be found throughout the entire House including use in the Bedroom, Living Room, Dining Room, Den, Library, Den, Office or Study in the form of Drapes or Draperies, Valances or Furniture Upholstery.
What is Sateen Weave : A variation of the satin weave, the Sateen Weave is produced through floating fill yarns over warp yarns.
What is Satin Fabric : A traditional fabric that utilizes a satin weave construction, in order to achieve a lustrous or shiny fabric surface. Traditionally found in Weddings, for Bridal Satin Dresses, Wedding Dresses or Groom’s Attire or trim. Used in Home Furnishings occasionally as trim.
What is Satin Weave : A basic weave, characterized by long floats of yarn on the fabric face. The yarns are interlaced in a ways so that there is no definite, visible pattern of the interlacing. Because of this, a smooth and luminescent or shiny surface is obtained. The sheen is increased even more through use of high-luster filaments in yarns that have a low twist.
Selvage or Selvedge
What is Selvage or Selvedge : The compressed and thin edge of a woven fabric which runs parallel to the warp yarns so as to prevent raveling. It is usually woven, utilizing more durable yarns and a tighter construction than the remaining fabric.
What is Serge : Fabric possessing a smooth hand and created through a two-up, two-down twill weave.
What is Serging : An overcasting technique that is performed on the cut edge of a fabric, so as to prevent raveling.
What is Shantung Silk Fabric : A medium-weight, plain weave fabric, characterized by a ribbed effect, resulting from slubbed yarns used in the warp or filling direction. End-uses include dresses and suits.
What is Silk, What is Pure Silk : A natural filament fiber that is produced by the Silkworm during construction of its cocoon. Cultivated Silk Worms have a diet consisting of Mulberry leaves and can produce Silk filaments up to one mile in length. While the majority of Silk is collected from cultivated Silk Worms, other collections of Silk do exist. For example the wild Silk of Tussah Silk is a thicker and shorter fiber, produced by wild Silk Worms living in natural habitat. There are many varieties of Silk including Silk Chiffon, China Silk, Crepe de Chine, Silk Charmeuse, Jacquard Silk, Silk Douppioni or Silk Dupioni, Silk Noil, Raw Silk, Silk Shantung and Tussah Silk. Each has different characteristics, with Silk Chiffon being the most lightweight, airy and "see-through". China Silk is a lightweight, sheer and plain-weave silk that is one of the least expensive varieties and one of the most commonly used and available forms. Crepe de Chine offers more of a pebbled, textured look and feel, less shiny and does not ravel as easily as other Silks. Charmeuse Silk is the variety that comes to mind first for most, when referencing Silk. Charmeuse Silk offers good drape and the front fabric face is very shiny and shimmery in appearance. Jacquard Silk uses both matte and shiny threads in its weaving, is denser and good for use with patterns as well as dyeing due to its three-dimensional appearance and depth. Silk Dupioni has slubbed ribs and a stiffer hand than other Silks, and usually launders well. Laundering will cause Dupioni Silk to become less stiff and softer in feel, as well as reduced or softer colors. Silk Noil is made from the short fibers left from the carding and combing processes, not offering the same reflective shine as other Silks. Silk Noil may be laundered and has an appearance similar to Cotton however drapes even better than Cotton, and is naturally wrinkle-resistant, the perfect companion for traveling. Raw Silk is stiff in nature, dull in tone and characteristics, with a tendency to attract dirt because of the unremoved layer of sericin. Shantung Silk was once derived from Silkworms living in their natural habitat, however most Shantungs today are derived instead from cultivated Silkworms. Stiffer by nature than most other Silks, the appearance of Shantung Silk can vary and be either shiny or dull dependent upon the fill yarn used. Tussah Silk is derived from wild Silk Worms and may be referred to as Shantung. Tussah Silk Worms survive on oak and juniper leaves as their diet, with the moth hatching from the cocoon and actually causing distruption in filament length. The result is shortened and coarser fibers, as opposed to long and shiny Silk fibers which can be obtained from cultivated Silk Worms. Naturally wrinkle-resistant, Tussah Silk is requires dry cleaning and doesn’t absorb dyes easily so is most often available in its natural color of light cream. All Silk is derived from Asia, mainly from China. Silk can be found throughout Home Furnishings, however is one of the most expensive fabrics for the Home. Silk may be blended with Cotton or Egyptian Cotton for durability, to produce Egyptian Cotton and Silk blended Sheets and Sheet Sets, Pillowcases, Duvet Covers and Duvet Sets, Comforter Covers, Pillow Shams, exterior fabrics for Goose Down Comforters or Fiberfill Comforters and Bed Skirts. In Silk and Cotton blended Fine Linens, the Silk Content maximum for durability does not usually exceed 50% and is often as low as 15%. Pure Silks or Silk Blends are used for Luxury Bedding and Fine Linens inclusive of exterior fabrics for Comforters and Comforter Sets, Coverlets and Coverlet Sets, Bedspread Sets, Accessory or Decorative Throw Pillows, Drapes or Draperies, Wall Tapestries, Bedroom or Living Room Curtains and Valances. Silks is also prevalent throughout the Luxury Bathroom, used in Mens’ and Womens’ Lounge Robes or as the exterior for After-Bath Robes and the exterior of lined Bathrobes. For other Home Furnishings, Silks may be woven Floor Rugs, Carpets, Table Runners, Napkins and Furniture Upholstery including Sofas, Couches, Loveseats and Chairs.
What is Solution-Dyed Fabrics : A process fiber dyeing in which colored pigments are injected into the spinning solution, injected prior to fiber extrusion through the spinneret. Solution-Dyed yarns are extremely color-fast in nature.
What is Spinneret : Used in the spinning process of manufactured or man-made fibers, a Spinneret is a device or tool consisting of a metal nozzle with extremely fine holes. Spinning solution is forced through the holes of the Spinneret, to form continuous filaments. Diameter of the Spinneret holes varies depending upon denier desired for fiber production.
What is Spot Weave Construction : A woven construction in which patterns are built in at spaced intervals through the use of extra warp and/or extra fill yarns are placed in selected areas. These yarns are woven into the fabric by means of a dobby or Jacquard attachment.
What is Spun Yarn or Spun Yarns : A yarn made by taking a group of short staple fibers, which have been cut from the longer continuous filament fibers, and then twisting these short staple fibers together to form a single yarn, which is then used for weaving or knitting fabrics.
What is Cotton Staple Fibers or Wool Staple Fibers : Short fibers, typically ranging from 1/2 inch up to 18 inches long. Wool, cotton, and flax exist only as staple fibers. Manufactured staple fibers are cut to a specific length from the continuous filament fiber. Usually the staple fiber is cut in lengths ranging from 1-1/2 inches to 8 inches long. A group of staple fibers are twisted together to form a yarn, which is then woven or knit into fabrics.
What is Surah Fabric : A light weight, lustrous twill weave constructed fabric with a silk-like hand. Surah is the fabric of ties, dresses, and furnishings. It is available in silk, polyester, and rayon.
What is Tapestry Weave : A heavy and ribbed fabric, that may be hand-woven or machine woven. Tapestries are intricate and elaborate designs, often depicting historical or current pictorials including imagery of people, animals and landscapes. The most expensive Tapestries are those that are handmade, and thus highly labor intensive, as opposed to made on machine. Made using colored filling yarns in the areas where needed, worked back and forth over spun warp yarns. Tapestries may be found throughout the Home in rooms such as the Living Room, Den, Study, Library, Office, or Bedroom. Popular in Home Furnishings and Interior Design or Decorating. Forms include Wall Hangings or Wall Tapestries, Tapestry Floor Rugs and even in Furniture Upholstery or seats of Chairs. Additional Home Accessories include Decorative Tapestry Throw Pillows.
Tension Control Weave
What is Tension Control Weave : A Decorative weave that is characterized by a puckered effect. Puckering occurs due to warp yarn tension that is intentionally varied before filling yarns are placed.
What is Terry Cloth or Terrycloth : A typical uncut pile weave fabric. This fabric is formed by using two sets of warp yarns. One set of warp yarns is under very little tension; when the filling yarns are packed into place, these loose yarns are pushed backward along with the filling yarns, and loops are formed. Typical uses include towels, robes, and apparel.
What is Cotton Terry Velour, Cotton Terry Cloth Velour or Cotton Terrycloth Velour : A pile weave fabric made of Pure Cotton, Pure Egyptian Cotton or Turkish Cotton with an uncut pile on one side and cut pile on the reverse. Cotton Terry Velour is prized for its supremely soft and luxurious hand and is prominent in Home Accessories such as Egyptian Cotton or Turkish Cotton Bathrobes or Mens’, Womens’ or Kids’ Bath Robes. Cotton Velour is also renowned in Luxury Bath Linens such as Egyptian Cotton and Turkish Cotton Bath Towels, Hand Towels, Washcloths and Fingertip Towels. Because of its high absorbency rate, Cotton Velour is extremely popular for Bath Linens and is extremely soft and plush in feel and appearance.
What is Ticking : A tightly woven and extremely durable fabric that is most often made of Pure Cotton and used in bedding to cover Bed Mattresses, Bed Mattress Box Springs and Bed Pillows. Ticking fabric may be manufactured using a plain, satin or twill weave construction.
What is Tulle Netting : A lightweight and extremely fine, machine-made netting, typically having a hexagonal-shaped mesh effect. Most often used for Wedding Veils or Wedding Decorations.
What is Twill Weave : A basic weave in which fabrics are constructed through interlacing warp and filling yarns in a progressive alternation, producing a diagonal effect on the fabric face. In some twill weave fabrics, the diagonal effect can also be clearly viewed on the back side of the fabric as well.
What is Twist or Twisted Yarns : A term that applies to the number of turns and the direction that two yarns are turned during the manufacturing process. The yarn twist brings the fibers close together and makes them compact. It helps the fibers adhere to one another, increasing yarn strength. The direction and amount of yarn twist helps determine appearance, performance, durability of both yarns and the subsequent fabric or textile product. Single yarns may be twisted to the right (S twist) or to the left (Z twist). Generally, woolen and worsted yarns are S-twist, while cotton and flax yarns are typically Z-twist. Twist is generally expressed as turns per inch (tpi), turns per meter (tpm), or turns per centimeter (tpc).
What is Velour or Velour Fabric : A medium weight, closely woven fabric that possesses a thick pile. Velour may be manufactured using either a plain or satin-weave construction and resembles velvet, but with a lower cut pile. Velour finishes in Luxury Bedding include fine linens such as Luxury Duvets, Duvet Covers, Duvet Sets, Shams, Comforters, Comforter Sets, Bed Spreads, Bedspread Sets and Bedskirts. Luxury Bath items and Home Accessories include Egyptian Cotton or Turkish Cotton Bathrobes or Egyptian Cotton or Turkish Cotton Mens’, Womens’ or Kids’ Bath Robes in addition to Home Furnishings such as Furniture Upholstery or Slipcovers for Sofas, Couches, Loveseats and Chairs.
What is Velvet or Cotton Velvet Fabric : A cut-pile, constructed fabric that is medium in weight, and in which the cut pile stands up very straight. Velvets are woven using two sets of warp yarns, where the extra set of warp yarns produces the pile. Velvet is considered a Luxury fabric, typically made with a filament fiber in order to produce a high luster, sheen, soft drape and smooth hand.
What is Velveteen or Cotton Velveteen Fabric : A cotton cut-pile weave fabric which utilizes additional fill yarn construction, with either a twill or plain-weave back. Velveteen is woven with two sets of filling yarns, with the additional set producing the pile.
What is Viscose : The most common type of rayon. Viscose, or rayon, is often blended or contained in partial quantities in Luxury Bedding and can have a stunning sheen.
What is Voile : A crisp and lightweight, plain-weave fabric that has the appearance and similarity to Cotton. Voile is made through use of highly-twisted yarns, in a high yarn count construction. In Home Furnishings, Voile is most often used in Curtains for Bedrooms or in the Living Room, Den, Office, Study or Library.